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List of Vocabulary Words for Primary 4 Grade 4

The Primary 4 Vocabulary List is a list of words and phrases that are commonly used in the English language and are deemed important for primary school students in Singapore to learn. The list is developed by the Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board (SEAB) and is designed to help students improve their vocabulary and language skills. We will list more here.

The list includes a range of words and phrases, from basic nouns and verbs to more complex adjectives and adverbs. The words are organized according to their part of speech and are presented in alphabetical order.

Students are expected to learn the words on the Primary 4 Vocabulary List and be able to use them accurately in spoken and written communication. The words are tested in the English language examinations administered by SEAB, which are designed to assess students’ language proficiency and ability to communicate effectively.

By learning the words on the Primary 4 Vocabulary List, students can improve their reading and writing skills, enhance their comprehension abilities, and develop their critical thinking and analytical skills. The list also provides a foundation for more advanced language learning in later years of schooling.

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Here’s a list of 17 vocabulary words with meanings and examples for primary 4:

  1. Abundant – plentiful; a lot of something
  • The fruit basket was abundant with apples, bananas, and oranges.
  • The forest was abundant with different kinds of trees and plants.
  1. Adventure – an exciting or unusual experience
  • Going camping in the mountains can be an adventure.
  • Reading a book can also be an adventure, taking you to far-off places and times.
  1. Anticipation – the feeling of excitement or nervousness about something that is going to happen
  • She felt a sense of anticipation as she waited for the roller coaster to start.
  • There was a feeling of anticipation in the air as the New Year’s Eve countdown approached.
  1. Calm – peaceful and quiet
  • The lake was calm and still in the morning light.
  • She took a deep breath to try and calm her nerves.
  1. Celebrate – to honor or show appreciation for something
  • We celebrate birthdays with cake and presents.
  • Thanksgiving is a holiday where we celebrate our blessings and give thanks.
  1. Courage – the ability to do something difficult or scary
  • It takes courage to stand up for what you believe in.
  • The firefighters showed courage in rescuing the family from the burning building.
  1. Curious – wanting to know or learn more about something
  • The cat was curious about the new toy.
  • She was curious about the stars and spent hours looking at them through a telescope.
  1. Delight – great pleasure or happiness
  • The children squealed with delight as they ran through the sprinklers.
  • She felt a sense of delight as she saw the colorful rainbow in the sky.
  1. Enthusiasm – excitement or passion for something
  • She showed great enthusiasm for the new project.
  • The crowd cheered with enthusiasm as the band played their favorite song.
  1. Explore – to travel or investigate a new place or idea
  • They planned to explore the forest and see all the different animals.
  • She liked to explore different art styles and techniques.
  1. Fascinating – very interesting or captivating
  • The story was fascinating and kept them on the edge of their seats.
  • She found the science experiment to be fascinating and wanted to learn more.
  1. Graceful – moving in a smooth and elegant way
  • The ballerina was graceful as she danced across the stage.
  • The swan was graceful as it glided across the pond.
  1. Imagination – the ability to form pictures or ideas in your mind
  • She had a vivid imagination and could create whole worlds in her mind.
  • The author used his imagination to write a story about talking animals.
  1. Joyful – full of joy or happiness
  • The children were joyful as they played in the snow.
  • She felt a sense of joyful anticipation as she waited for her friends to arrive.
  1. Listen – to pay attention to and hear what someone is saying
  • It’s important to listen to your teacher in class.
  • She listened carefully to her friend’s story, trying to understand how they felt.
  1. Patient – able to wait calmly without getting upset
  • She was patient as she waited in line for her turn.
  • It takes patience to learn a new skill, like playing an instrument.
  1. Perseverance – continuing to work hard and not giving up even when things are difficult
  • She showed great perseverance in finishing the long race.
  • It takes perseverance to keep practicing a sport

How to increase my child’s vocabulary?

Here are some tips to help primary 4 English students increase their vocabulary:

  1. Read widely and regularly: Encourage your students to read a variety of books, newspapers, and magazines. This will expose them to new words and help them understand their meaning in context.
  2. Use a dictionary: Encourage your students to look up unfamiliar words in a dictionary. This will help them understand the meaning of the word and how it is used in different contexts.
  3. Play word games: Playing word games like Scrabble or crossword puzzles can be a fun way to learn new words and practice spelling.
  4. Keep a vocabulary notebook: Encourage your students to write down new words they come across and their meanings in a notebook. This will help them remember the words and use them in their writing and conversation.
  5. Use flashcards: Use flashcards to help your students memorize new words. Write the word on one side and the definition on the other, and practice regularly.
  6. Use context clues: Encourage your students to use context clues to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words. They can look at the words and sentences around the unknown word to guess its meaning.
  7. Engage in conversations: Encourage your students to have conversations with others and use new words they have learned. This will help them feel more confident using the words in real-life situations.

Why do we teach vocabulary to English students at Primary 4?

A vast vocabulary is an essential tool that can help individuals excel in various aspects of life. A rich vocabulary helps individuals communicate effectively, express their thoughts and ideas clearly, and comprehend the ideas of others. Here are some ways a person’s vast vocabulary can help in life:

  1. Communication: A vast vocabulary enables individuals to communicate effectively with others. They can express themselves clearly and precisely, avoiding miscommunication or misunderstanding.
  2. Writing: A vast vocabulary helps individuals become better writers. They can choose words that convey the right meaning and tone, making their writing more engaging and informative.
  3. Reading comprehension: A rich vocabulary helps individuals understand the meaning of words they encounter while reading. This makes reading more enjoyable and helps them comprehend more complex texts.
  4. Education: A vast vocabulary can help individuals excel academically. They can understand and remember concepts more easily, write better essays, and perform better on exams.
  5. Professional success: A rich vocabulary can help individuals excel in their professional lives. They can communicate effectively with colleagues, write persuasive emails, and make compelling presentations.
  6. Social success: A rich vocabulary can also help individuals succeed socially. They can express their ideas and opinions clearly in social situations, engaging in intelligent conversations with others.
  7. Personal growth: A rich vocabulary can help individuals grow personally by expanding their knowledge and understanding of the world. They can understand complex issues and express their thoughts and opinions on them.

A vast vocabulary is an essential tool that can help individuals in various aspects of life. It can help them communicate effectively, succeed academically and professionally, and grow personally. Therefore, it is essential to continually develop one’s vocabulary through reading, writing, and engaging in conversations. By doing so, individuals can enjoy the benefits of a vast vocabulary and achieve their goals in life.

Why read?

Reading books is an excellent way to build vocabulary and improve language skills. Here are some common ways that reading a book helps in vocabulary building:

Firstly, reading books exposes readers to new words that they may not encounter in their daily lives. Books offer a vast range of vocabulary that is often beyond our usual conversation or written communication. Exposure to new words is an essential part of vocabulary building, and books offer a unique opportunity to expand one’s vocabulary.

Secondly, reading books helps readers understand the meaning of words in context. When reading, readers see new words used in a sentence or paragraph, which helps them understand the meaning of the word better. This contextual understanding of words is essential as it helps readers use new words in the right context while speaking or writing.

Thirdly, reading books reinforces the vocabulary that readers already know. When reading, readers come across familiar words that they may have learned before. Seeing these words used in context reinforces the meaning of the words and helps readers remember them better.

Fourthly, reading books helps readers understand synonyms and antonyms. Synonyms are words that have the same or similar meanings, while antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. When reading, readers come across different words with similar or opposite meanings, which helps them learn more about synonyms and antonyms.

Finally, reading books helps readers learn the correct spelling and pronunciation of words. When reading, readers come across new words that they may not know how to spell or pronounce. By seeing these words in context, readers can learn the correct spelling and pronunciation of these words, which helps them improve their language skills.

Within reason, reading books is an effective way to build vocabulary and improve language skills. By exposing readers to new words, providing contextual understanding, reinforcing existing vocabulary, teaching synonyms and antonyms, and helping with spelling and pronunciation, books offer a unique and powerful tool for vocabulary building. Reading books is a valuable activity that should be encouraged for people of all ages who want to improve their vocabulary and language skills.

Recommend us some books

Here are some books recommended for 10-year-olds to read, along with the reasons why:

  1. “Charlotte’s Web” by E.B. White – This is a classic children’s book that tells the story of a pig named Wilbur and his friendship with a spider named Charlotte. The book teaches important lessons about friendship, loyalty, and the value of life.
  2. “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” by J.K. Rowling – This book introduces readers to the magical world of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and follows the adventures of Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley. It teaches important lessons about bravery, friendship, and the power of love.
  3. “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe” by C.S. Lewis – This is the first book in the “Chronicles of Narnia” series and tells the story of four siblings who discover a magical world called Narnia. The book teaches important lessons about courage, forgiveness, and the power of imagination.
  4. “The Phantom Tollbooth” by Norton Juster – This is a fun and quirky book that follows the adventures of a young boy named Milo, who travels to a magical world where he learns important lessons about the value of education, creativity, and curiosity.
  5. “The Secret Garden” by Frances Hodgson Burnett – This book tells the story of a young orphan named Mary who discovers a secret garden and learns important lessons about friendship, love, and the power of nature.
  6. “The Giver” by Lois Lowry – This book is a dystopian novel that tells the story of a boy named Jonas who discovers the dark secrets of his seemingly perfect community. The book teaches important lessons about individuality, freedom, and the importance of questioning authority.

These books are recommended for 10-year-olds because they are engaging, thought-provoking, and teach important lessons about life and the world around us. They also have the potential to inspire a love of reading and spark the imagination of young readers.

Synopsis of the books

Charlotte’s Web

“Charlotte’s Web” is a beloved children’s book by E.B. White, first published in 1952. The story revolves around a young pig named Wilbur, who is saved from being slaughtered by a kind-hearted girl named Fern. Fern raises Wilbur on her family’s farm, where he becomes friends with a wise spider named Charlotte.

As Wilbur grows up, he becomes anxious about his fate and the fact that he will eventually be sold for slaughter. Charlotte, recognizing Wilbur’s kind nature, hatches a plan to save him. She weaves words into her web, praising Wilbur’s qualities and describing him as “some pig,” “terrific,” “radiant,” and “humble.” The words and the attention they attract make Wilbur famous and beloved, and he becomes a prize-winning pig at the county fair.

Despite her own fragile health, Charlotte remains committed to saving Wilbur and ultimately sacrifices her own life to do so. She lays her eggs and dies, but her offspring carry on her legacy, continuing to spin webs that honor Wilbur’s virtues. In the end, Wilbur is spared from the butcher’s knife and is able to live out his days in peace on the farm.

“Charlotte’s Web” is a heartwarming story that teaches important lessons about friendship, loyalty, and the value of life. It celebrates the power of words to inspire and uplift, and encourages readers to appreciate the beauty and wonder of the natural world.

Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

“Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” is the first book in the beloved Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. It tells the story of a young orphan boy named Harry Potter, who discovers that he is a wizard and is enrolled in the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

The book begins with the introduction of the Dursley family, Harry’s cruel and unloving relatives who have been raising him since his parents were killed by the dark wizard, Voldemort. On his eleventh birthday, Harry discovers that he is a wizard and is invited to attend Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

At Hogwarts, Harry makes new friends, including Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley. He also discovers that he has a connection to Voldemort, who is rumored to have returned and is seeking the Philosopher’s Stone, an object that can grant immortality.

Harry and his friends set out to stop Voldemort and protect the Philosopher’s Stone from falling into his hands. Along the way, they encounter challenges and dangers, including a three-headed dog, a giant chessboard, and a troll.

In the end, Harry and his friends are able to prevent Voldemort from getting the Philosopher’s Stone and stop his plans for immortality. The book concludes with Harry looking forward to his next year at Hogwarts and the continued battle against the dark wizard.

“Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” is a classic children’s book that celebrates the power of friendship, loyalty, and bravery. It introduces readers to a magical world filled with wonder, danger, and adventure, and sets the stage for the epic battle between good and evil that continues throughout the rest of the series.

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe

“The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe” is the first book in “The Chronicles of Narnia” series by C.S. Lewis. It tells the story of four siblings – Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy – who are evacuated from London to a large house in the countryside during World War II. While exploring the house, Lucy discovers a magical wardrobe that leads her to the land of Narnia.

In Narnia, Lucy meets a faun named Mr. Tumnus, who tells her that the land is ruled by the evil White Witch, who has cursed Narnia to be in a perpetual winter with no Christmas. Lucy’s siblings initially do not believe her stories about Narnia, but eventually, they too enter the magical world through the wardrobe.

In Narnia, the siblings become involved in a battle between good and evil. They meet Aslan, a powerful lion who is the rightful king of Narnia, and join forces with him to overthrow the White Witch and restore peace to the land.

The story is filled with magical creatures, epic battles, and important life lessons. It teaches readers about the importance of loyalty, courage, and self-sacrifice. The characters are well-developed, and their relationships with each other are central to the plot. The book is a classic children’s story that has captivated generations of readers with its sense of wonder and adventure.

The Phantom Tollbooth

“The Phantom Tollbooth” is a beloved children’s book by Norton Juster, first published in 1961. The story follows a young boy named Milo, who is bored with life and feels like everything is a waste of time. One day, he receives a mysterious package in the mail containing a tollbooth, and decides to drive through it in his toy car.

On the other side of the tollbooth, Milo finds himself in a strange, fantastical world called the Kingdom of Wisdom. There he meets a range of peculiar characters, including Tock, a “watchdog” who is always on time, and the Whether Man, who can predict the weather with astonishing accuracy.

Milo embarks on a journey through the Kingdom of Wisdom, hoping to find a way to return home. Along the way, he encounters a series of challenges and obstacles, including the Doldrums, a place where people get stuck in their own boredom.

Ultimately, Milo learns important lessons about the value of learning and the joy of discovery. He discovers that the world is full of wonder and excitement, and that there is always something new to explore and learn.

“The Phantom Tollbooth” is a witty, imaginative book that encourages children to think critically, use their imagination, and approach the world with a sense of curiosity and wonder. It teaches important lessons about the value of education, the power of language, and the beauty of discovery.

The Secret Garden

“The Secret Garden” is a classic children’s novel by Frances Hodgson Burnett, first published in 1911. The story follows a young orphan girl named Mary Lennox, who is sent to live with her uncle, Archibald Craven, in a large and mysterious house on the Yorkshire moors.

Mary is a spoiled and unhappy child, but she soon discovers a secret garden on the estate that has been locked up for years. With the help of a friendly robin, Mary begins to tend to the garden, and it becomes a symbol of hope and renewal for her.

As Mary explores the garden, she meets a young boy named Colin, who is also a cousin of hers and who has been kept hidden away in the house due to a supposed illness. Mary and Colin become friends, and Mary encourages Colin to explore the garden with her.

Together, Mary and Colin work to restore the garden to its former glory, and in doing so, they both begin to heal emotionally and physically. Along the way, they uncover secrets about the past and learn important lessons about the power of nature, friendship, and love.

“The Secret Garden” is a heartwarming and uplifting story that teaches important lessons about the value of perseverance, the healing power of nature, and the importance of emotional connections. It celebrates the beauty of the natural world and the transformative power of love and friendship.

The Giver

“The Giver” is a dystopian novel by Lois Lowry, first published in 1993. The story is set in a future society that is seemingly perfect, where there is no pain, suffering, or war. However, this perfect society is achieved through strict control and the suppression of individuality, emotions, and memories.

The main character, Jonas, is a twelve-year-old boy who is chosen to become the new Receiver of Memory, a position of great importance in the society. Jonas begins to receive memories of the past from the current Receiver, an old man known as the Giver. These memories, both joyful and painful, begin to open Jonas’s eyes to the limitations of his society.

As Jonas gains more memories and experiences emotions like love and pain, he becomes increasingly disillusioned with the world he lives in. He realizes that the perfect society he was taught to believe in is built on the suppression of individuality and the control of its citizens. Ultimately, Jonas makes the decision to leave his society and embark on a dangerous journey to find a better life.

“The Giver” is a thought-provoking novel that raises important questions about individuality, freedom, and the nature of happiness. It teaches readers about the importance of memory and emotion, and the dangers of sacrificing these things for the sake of conformity and control. The book encourages readers to think critically about their own society and the values that underpin it, and to question the status quo when it is unjust or oppressive.

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