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Primary 4 Vocabulary List: Courage

Teaching primary 4 students about the concept of courage is important for many reasons. Courage is a quality that enables individuals to face challenges, overcome obstacles, and stand up for what they believe in. It is a crucial component of resilience and character development, and it plays a critical role in shaping children’s attitudes and behaviors.

One of the key reasons why teaching children about courage is important is that it helps them to develop resilience and grit. Courageous individuals are able to face adversity with strength and determination, even in the face of great challenges. By learning about courage, children can develop the mental and emotional tools they need to overcome obstacles and persevere through difficult situations.

Another reason why teaching courage is important is that it promotes ethical decision-making and moral character. Courageous individuals are often called upon to stand up for what is right, even when it is difficult or unpopular. By teaching children about courage, we can help them to develop a strong sense of ethics and moral character, and encourage them to make responsible choices even in the face of peer pressure or temptation.

Teaching courage can also help children to develop empathy and compassion for others. Courageous individuals are often called upon to show empathy and support for those who are struggling or facing challenges. By learning about courage, children can develop the skills they need to offer help and support to others, and to be a positive influence in their communities.

Moreover, learning about courage can help children to develop important life skills, such as problem-solving, communication, and leadership. Courageous individuals are often called upon to lead others and to find creative solutions to complex problems. By learning about courage, children can develop the confidence and skills they need to become effective leaders and problem-solvers.

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Here are ten words that describe “courage” with vocabulary meaning and usage for Pri 4 PSLE Grade 4 students:

  1. Bravery – the quality of being brave; the ability to face danger or adversity with courage. Example: The firefighter showed great bravery in rescuing the trapped animals from the burning building.
  2. Fearlessness – the quality of being fearless; the absence of fear. Example: The soldier displayed remarkable fearlessness in the face of enemy fire.
  3. Boldness – the quality of being bold; showing confidence and courage in the face of difficulty or danger. Example: She had the boldness to stand up to the bully and defend her friend.
  4. Grit – the strength of character to persevere through difficult situations; determination and resilience. Example: The athlete’s grit and determination helped her to push through the pain and cross the finish line.
  5. Valor – bravery or courage in the face of danger or peril. Example: The soldier received a medal of valor for his heroic actions in battle.
  6. Fortitude – strength of mind and resilience in the face of adversity; the ability to endure hardships. Example: The patient showed great fortitude in recovering from a serious illness.
  7. Daring – showing courage and initiative; taking risks. Example: The mountaineer embarked on a daring expedition to climb the highest peak in the world.
  8. Heroism – great bravery or selflessness in the face of danger or adversity; the qualities of a hero. Example: The firefighter’s heroism in rescuing the trapped family from the burning building earned him a medal of honor.
  9. Resoluteness – firm determination or resolution; the ability to remain steadfast in the face of difficulty or opposition. Example: The team showed resoluteness in overcoming their opponents and winning the championship.
  10. Nerve – the quality of being calm and courageous in a difficult or dangerous situation; the ability to keep one’s composure. Example: The surgeon’s steady nerve and steady hand allowed her to perform the delicate operation successfully.

Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.

Winston Churchill

How do we use the word “courage”?

Here’s ten uses for the word courage

  1. He showed courage in standing up to the bully and defending her friend.
  2. The firefighter’s courage in rushing into the burning building saved many lives.
  3. The soldier’s courage in the face of enemy fire was awe-inspiring.
  4. He summoned the courage to apologize for his mistake and make things right.
  5. The athlete’s courage in the face of injury and pain inspired her teammates.
  6. The team showed courage in coming back from a large deficit to win the game.
  7. The young girl’s courage in speaking out about her experience with bullying inspired others to do the same.
  8. The doctor’s courage in taking on a challenging case and saving the patient’s life was admirable.
  9. The environmental activist showed courage in standing up to powerful corporations and fighting for the planet.
  10. The artist’s courage in sharing their work with the world, despite fear of rejection or criticism, is to be commended.


Once upon a time, in a small town, there lived a little coin named Penny. Penny was very shy and timid, always hiding inside a bifold wallet. She was afraid of the courageous Dollar who was always peeping out of the wallet, raring to go and be spent by its owner.

Penny had always been envious of the Dollar’s bravery and adventurous spirit. She longed to be as fearless as the Dollar, but she just couldn’t seem to summon the courage.

One day, as Penny was hiding in the wallet, she overheard a conversation between the Dollar and their owner. The owner was explaining how he had saved up for months to buy a new bike that he had been dreaming of.

As the owner pulled out the Dollar to pay for the bike, Penny saw a look of fear in the Dollar’s eyes. Suddenly realizing Dollar will no longer be in the comfort of its wallet Dollar wondered what will happen to it. But despite the fear, Dollar bravely faced the challenge and was spent.

Penny realized in that moment that it wasn’t about being fearless, but about facing your fears and doing what needs to be done. She decided to summon her courage and join the Dollar in the outside world.

From that day on, Penny would often peek out of the wallet and explore the world with the Dollar. She would still feel afraid at times, but she would remind herself that courage was not the absence of fear, but rather the willingness to act despite it.

Eventually, Penny became more and more confident and was no longer afraid, learning from the Dollar’s courage. She realized that both she and Dollar had something special to offer, and that it was important to be true to oneself and face challenges in one’s own way.

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