Singapore Chinese Girls School Prelim Paper 2 Comprehension 2021 SA2 SCGS Past Year Test Papers: Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2021. SG test papers 2021. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. SCGS Primary School exam papers 2021. More papers can be found here.
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Welcome to eduKate Tuition Center’s PSLE Prelim 2021 SA2 SCGS Past Year Papers Comprehension Passages Worksheet, your go-to resource for effective preparation for the upcoming PSLE exams. This meticulously crafted practice material is designed to benefit students, teachers, and parents alike by focusing on the development of vital comprehension skills, in line with the PSLE curriculum requirements.
At eduKate Tuition Center, we recognize the value of building a robust foundation in reading and comprehension abilities. Our team of experienced educators has developed this worksheet by thoroughly analyzing past year papers and pinpointing the essential areas that students must excel in to achieve success in the PSLE. With a wide range of topics and themes covered in the passages, students will have the opportunity to engage with diverse content while honing their comprehension skills.
To provide a holistic learning experience, this worksheet includes the following sections:
- The Comprehension for Students with no Answers
- The Comprehension for Teachers with suggested answers
- Vocabulary Section: This section helps students build their vocabulary by focusing on challenging words and phrases found in the passages. Students will learn the meanings and proper usage of these words, which will ultimately enhance their reading and comprehension skills.
- Idiom Section: This section introduces students to common idioms related to the passages, providing them with a deeper understanding of the English language and enabling them to apply these idioms in their writing and everyday conversations.
- Analysis of the Passage: This section breaks down each passage in detail, helping students understand the main ideas, themes, and key takeaways. This analysis will enable students to improve their critical thinking and comprehension skills.
- Extra Information: This section offers supplementary information and resources related to the passages, allowing students to broaden their knowledge and gain a better understanding of the topics covered.
- YouTube Resources: To further support students’ learning, we have curated a selection of YouTube videos that offer additional insights and explanations on the passages and related topics. These videos provide a dynamic and engaging way for students to deepen their understanding and reinforce their learning.
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Student’s Copy (No Answers)
Teacher’s Copy with Answers
Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.
Vocabulary for Prelim Paper 2 Comprehension 2021 SA2 SCGS Prelim Test Papers
Here is a list of potentially difficult vocabulary words for a Primary 6 student extracted from the comprehension passage in SA2 Prelim SCGS Test Paper 2 Academic Year 2021:
- environmental crusader
Focusing on the benefits of using a vocabulary list for PSLE Primary 6 students, it’s essential to understand that an extensive vocabulary can have a significant impact on their language skills and overall academic performance. Here are some ways in which a vocabulary list can be advantageous:
- Diverse understanding: A vocabulary list encompassing a broad range of words allows students to gain exposure to various subjects, ideas, and contexts. This diversity contributes to a deeper understanding of the language and enriches their knowledge base.
- Precision in communication: A comprehensive vocabulary list equips students with the appropriate words to convey their thoughts and ideas precisely. This precision helps them express themselves more effectively, both in writing and speaking, leading to improved academic performance.
- Expanding contextual knowledge: A well-rounded vocabulary list provides students with an understanding of how different words are used in various contexts. This contextual knowledge enables them to grasp the nuances of language use and become more adaptable in their communication.
- Enhanced analytical skills: A robust vocabulary allows students to better analyze texts and ideas by providing them with the necessary linguistic tools. This improved analytical capability is critical for academic success and higher scores on exams that assess these skills.
- Encouragement of independent learning: A vocabulary list encourages students to take charge of their language development by actively engaging with new words and their meanings. This independent learning approach fosters a sense of responsibility and ownership of their education, ultimately contributing to their academic success.
- Improved cognitive abilities: Research has shown that an extensive vocabulary is linked to better cognitive abilities, such as memory, attention, and problem-solving. By working with a comprehensive vocabulary list, students can enhance these essential cognitive skills, which in turn can positively impact their overall academic performance.
- Strengthened foundation for future learning: A solid vocabulary foundation built during the primary school years will continue to benefit students throughout their academic journey, including secondary school and higher education. This strong foundation can lead to better performance in language-related subjects and improved overall academic achievements.
So, using this vocabulary list effectively can significantly benefit PSLE Primary 6 students by improving their reading comprehension, writing skills, critical thinking abilities, confidence, adaptability, and engagement with their studies. These advantages contribute to their academic success, ultimately helping them achieve distinctions in the PSLE exams and beyond.
Table of words with meanings:
|Residences||Homes or places where people live|
|Royalties||Members of a royal family|
|Culinary||Related to cooking or the kitchen|
|Versatile||Able to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities|
|Recyclable||Able to be processed and used again|
|Heightened||Made more intense, stronger or more serious|
|Finning||The act of cutting off a shark’s fins and discarding the rest of the body|
|Poachers||People who illegally catch or kill animals, especially by trespassing on another person’s property|
|Predator||An animal that naturally preys on others|
|Environmental crusader||A person who actively works to protect the environment|
|Nutritious||Providing the necessary nutrients for growth, health, and good condition|
|Porridge||A soft food made by boiling grains or legumes in milk or water until thick|
|Omelette||A dish made from beaten eggs cooked in a frying pan|
|Preserved||Maintained in its original or existing state|
|Braised||Cooked slowly in fat and a small amount of liquid in a closed container|
|Steamed||Cooked by steaming, typically in a steamer or over boiling water|
|Scrumptious||Extremely tasty or delicious|
|Delectable||Highly pleasing or enjoyable, especially to the taste|
|Sincerity||The quality of being free from pretense, deceit, or hypocrisy|
|Wholesome||Conducive to or characterized by moral well-being or promoting health, especially in relation to food|
Idioms related to this passage:
Idioms play an essential role in language development and offer several benefits for students. By incorporating idioms into their learning, students can achieve greater success in their language skills and academic performance. Here’s how idioms can be advantageous:
- Cultural understanding: Idioms provide insights into the culture, history, and values of a language. Learning idioms can help students gain a deeper appreciation of the language they are studying, fostering cultural understanding and global awareness.
- Enhanced communication skills: Idioms are a significant part of everyday communication. By learning idioms, students can more effectively express their thoughts and ideas in a way that resonates with native speakers. This proficiency in idiomatic expressions can lead to improved speaking and writing skills.
- Improved comprehension: As idioms are commonly used in various forms of media, including books, movies, and news articles, understanding idioms can help students better comprehend the content they consume. This improved comprehension can contribute to enhanced reading and listening skills.
- Creative thinking: Idioms often convey meanings beyond the literal interpretation of their individual words. This figurative aspect encourages students to think creatively and understand the nuances of language use, leading to better critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.
- Enriched vocabulary: Learning idioms can help students expand their vocabulary by exposing them to new words and phrases. This expanded vocabulary can lead to better language proficiency, which is crucial for academic success.
- Engaging learning experience: Idioms can add color and interest to language learning, making the process more engaging and enjoyable for students. This increased engagement can motivate students to continue learning and exploring the language more deeply.
- Transferable skills: Understanding idioms and their figurative meanings requires students to develop essential language skills such as context analysis, inference, and deduction. These skills are transferable and can benefit students in various aspects of their academic and personal lives.
Idioms offer numerous advantages for students by promoting cultural understanding, enhancing communication skills, improving comprehension, encouraging creative thinking, enriching vocabulary, providing an engaging learning experience, and developing transferable skills. By incorporating idioms into their language learning, students can achieve greater success in their academic performance and language skills.
Here’s a table representing the idioms, their meanings, and how they relate to the passage:
|A taste of one’s own medicine||Min reminding her family about the cruelty of shark finning, possibly making them rethink their choices.|
|Home is where the heart is||The passage shows the warmth and love in the family’s home, which leads to a successful business decision.|
|Actions speak louder than words||Mr. Robertson makes a decision based on the warmth and sincerity he experiences in the family’s home, rather than just focusing on the meal.|
|Break the ice||The delicious home-cooked meal creates a friendly atmosphere, helping Mr. Robertson and the family establish a good rapport.|
|Don’t judge a book by its cover||The humble sweet potato porridge turns out to be the perfect choice for impressing Mr. Robertson.|
|Put all your cards on the table||The family shares their personal beliefs and values during the meal, creating an open and honest environment that contributes to Mr. Robertson’s decision.|
|The proof is in the pudding||The quality of the meal and the warmth of the family’s interaction show their sincerity, proving their worth to Mr. Robertson.|
|Every cloud has a silver lining||Although the family is initially concerned about what to serve the guest, the situation leads them to serve a heartwarming and meaningful meal.|
|A picture is worth a thousand words||Mr. Robertson observing the family’s interactions speaks more about their values and culture than any description could.|
|To go the extra mile||The family, especially Grandmother, puts in extra effort to prepare a delicious and meaningful meal to impress Mr. Robertson.|
An analysis for students to understand the passage
In this passage, we learn about a family who is preparing for the visit of an important American client, Mr. Robertson. The family, consisting of the grandmother, Min, Jim, and their parents, is contemplating what dishes to serve for dinner to impress the client.
The grandmother, who used to work at the residences of royalty and has won various culinary awards, is a versatile chef. She often tells her grandchildren to pick up her skills. Min, the daughter, is an environmental crusader who is conscious about the consequences of consuming certain foods, such as shark fin soup. She expresses her concern about the cruel process of finning sharks when her brother Jim suggests serving shark fin soup for their important guest.
Father, who initially wanted to take the client out to a restaurant, was unable to do so due to Covid-19 heightened alert situation. While discussing what to prepare for the client, he tastes the sweet potato porridge that the grandmother is cooking for dinner and decides that it is the perfect dish to serve. It is simple, nutritious, and showcases the different ingredients used in local dishes.
The next day, the family and their guest enjoy sweet potato porridge, along with other dishes such as a savory omelette, green and preserved vegetables, braised duck, and a perfectly steamed fish. Mr. Robertson, the client, is impressed by the delicious meal and requests refills thrice. Observing the warmth and sincerity of the family, he makes a decision.
Before leaving, Mr. Robertson compliments the grandmother for her cooking and tells her that he could truly taste the love for her family in the dishes. Turning to Mr. Lee, he announces that he has made a decision that should make Mr. Lee very happy. The passage concludes, leaving readers to infer that the decision is likely related to signing the deal between Mr. Lee’s company and Mr. Robertson’s company.
Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.
Shark fin soup is a traditional Chinese dish that has been served for centuries, especially at weddings and other celebrations. It is considered a luxury item and a symbol of wealth and status. The soup is made from the fins of various shark species, which are believed to provide numerous health benefits and have a unique texture.
The primary ingredient, shark fins, are usually sold in a dried and processed form. The fins are cooked in a broth with other ingredients, such as chicken or pork, to enhance the flavor. The fins themselves have a gelatinous texture, which is highly prized in Chinese cuisine.
However, the practice of shark finning and the consumption of shark fin soup have become highly controversial due to ethical and environmental concerns. Shark finning involves catching sharks, cutting off their fins, and often discarding the rest of the shark back into the ocean while it is still alive. This cruel practice leads to the slow and painful death of the shark. Shark finning has caused the rapid decline of shark populations worldwide, with some species at risk of extinction.
Many environmentalists, animal rights activists, and celebrities have called for a ban on shark finning and the consumption of shark fin soup. In response, several countries and regions have imposed bans on shark finning or the sale of shark fins. Some restaurants and hotels have also removed shark fin soup from their menus due to ethical concerns and public pressure.
Alternatives to shark fin soup are being developed and promoted to provide a sustainable and cruelty-free option for those who enjoy the dish’s taste and texture. One such alternative is the use of plant-based ingredients like konjac gel and seaweed, which mimic the texture of shark fins.
In recent years, awareness about the environmental impact and cruelty associated with shark fin soup has grown, leading to a decline in consumption. However, the demand for the dish still persists in some regions. Continued efforts are needed to educate people about the negative consequences of shark finning and promote alternatives to help protect sharks and the marine ecosystem.
Chinese custom of feasting when someone visits them
In Chinese culture, feasting plays a significant role when hosting guests or visitors. The tradition of hosting elaborate meals has deep historical and cultural roots, symbolizing not only a way to express hospitality but also to honor and respect the guests. Feasting is an important aspect of Chinese customs, particularly during celebrations, family gatherings, or when welcoming an important visitor. It is an opportunity to showcase the host’s culinary skills, generosity, and thoughtfulness.
When someone visits a Chinese household, it is customary for the host to prepare an abundance of food. The dishes served during such feasts often represent regional specialties and are carefully selected to demonstrate the host’s knowledge of their guest’s tastes and preferences. The selection of dishes is typically diverse, including a balance of flavors, textures, and ingredients. Traditionally, it is considered auspicious to serve an odd number of dishes, as odd numbers are associated with good fortune.
A Chinese feast often starts with cold appetizers, followed by a variety of hot dishes that may include meat, seafood, vegetables, tofu, and soups. Each dish is meticulously prepared and arranged, with a focus on harmonizing flavors, colors, and presentation. A proper Chinese feast will also include rice or noodles, as these staples represent abundance and prosperity.
During the meal, it is common for hosts to continuously offer food to their guests, urging them to eat more as a sign of generosity and care. This is done to ensure the guest feels welcomed and well-looked after. In return, guests are expected to show appreciation for the host’s efforts by enjoying the food and complimenting the dishes.
In addition to food, the Chinese custom of feasting often involves the serving of tea, which plays a central role in Chinese culture. Tea is usually served before, during, and after the meal to aid digestion and cleanse the palate. The choice of tea is also carefully considered, with the host selecting a type that complements the flavors of the meal.
Overall, the Chinese custom of feasting when someone visits is deeply ingrained in the culture and showcases the importance of hospitality, generosity, and respect in Chinese society. It is an opportunity for the host to demonstrate their culinary prowess and create a memorable experience for their guests while strengthening relationships and fostering camaraderie.
Unsustainable customs of the future
The Chinese custom of feasting when someone visits is a deeply-rooted cultural practice that has been passed down through generations. It is a symbol of hospitality and generosity, as hosts aim to impress and satisfy their guests with a wide array of dishes. However, this tradition has raised concerns in recent years, particularly when considering sustainability, the global environment, and the pressing issue of world hunger.
As the world’s population continues to grow, the pressure on natural resources and food systems is intensifying. This puts the traditional custom of feasting in a new light, as it becomes increasingly unsustainable for various reasons. One issue is overconsumption, which is inherent to Chinese feasting, where hosts often prepare and serve an abundance of food. Unfortunately, this can lead to excessive food waste, as uneaten food is often discarded. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), roughly one-third of the food produced globally for human consumption is lost or wasted, which amounts to approximately 1.3 billion tons per year.
Furthermore, the production, transportation, and disposal of food have significant environmental consequences. These include greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity. A lavish feast often incorporates meat and seafood, which have particularly high environmental footprints. For example, the production of one kilogram of beef generates approximately 27 kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, while the global fishing industry is responsible for the depletion of many fish stocks and the destruction of marine habitats.
Moreover, the custom of feasting highlights the stark contrast between those who can afford to indulge in such luxury and those who struggle to secure enough food. According to the World Food Programme, approximately 811 million people (or 1 in 9 individuals) suffered from chronic hunger in 2020. With an increasing global population and a widening gap between the rich and poor, the disparity between those who feast and those who go hungry becomes more pronounced.
In conclusion, the Chinese custom of feasting, while an important cultural practice, raises concerns about sustainability, environmental impact, and world hunger. To address these challenges, it is essential to promote more sustainable food systems and consumption patterns that respect the planet’s limited resources while ensuring that everyone has access to sufficient and nutritious food. This may involve reevaluating cultural practices, promoting awareness of the issues, and adopting more sustainable approaches to hospitality and food consumption.
Food wastage is a pressing global concern that has significant environmental, economic, and social implications. Reducing food waste can help conserve resources, save money, and alleviate hunger. Here are some ways to improve the situation:
- Raising awareness: Educating people about the consequences of food waste and promoting a culture of appreciation for food can be the first step towards change. Public awareness campaigns can inform people about the scale of the problem and encourage them to take action.
- Meal planning: Careful meal planning can help households buy and prepare the right amount of food, preventing over-purchasing and over-cooking. Creating shopping lists, planning meals for the week, and repurposing leftovers are useful practices.
- Proper storage: Storing food correctly can prolong its shelf life and reduce spoilage. This includes using airtight containers, separating foods that emit gases from those that are sensitive to them, and regularly rotating stored items.
- Redistribution: Donating surplus food to food banks, charities, or community kitchens can help feed those in need. Several organizations work to redistribute food from supermarkets, restaurants, and households to those who need it the most.
- Food waste recycling: Composting food scraps can help recycle nutrients and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from decomposing waste. Municipalities can provide composting facilities or promote home composting, while businesses can implement food waste collection and recycling systems.
- Innovative technologies: Advances in technology can help reduce food waste at various stages, from production to consumption. Examples include precision agriculture, smart packaging, and food freshness sensors.
- Legislation and policies: Governments can introduce laws and incentives to promote waste reduction. This may involve setting targets for food waste reduction, implementing food donation liability protections, or providing tax incentives for businesses that reduce waste.
- Sustainable businesses practices: Companies can adopt waste reduction strategies in their operations, such as inventory management systems, portion control, or offering “imperfect” produce at discounted prices.
- Food waste in schools: Educational institutions can implement food waste reduction programs, such as serving age-appropriate portion sizes, offering healthy and appealing menu options, and creating opportunities for students to learn about food sustainability.
- Community engagement: Encouraging communities to share resources and knowledge, such as community gardens or shared kitchens, can help promote a collective commitment to reducing food waste and fostering a more sustainable food system.
By addressing food wastage through these approaches, we can improve resource efficiency, protect the environment, and contribute to a more equitable and sustainable food system for all.
Environmentally Conscious Food
One way to make our food consumption more environmentally friendly is by reducing our reliance on animal-based products and embracing plant-based diets. Vegetarian and vegan diets are known for their lower greenhouse gas emissions, reduced water usage, and less demand for land compared to diets rich in animal products. A more balanced diet with more whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes can offer sufficient nutrients while having a lower environmental impact.
Moreover, supporting locally grown and seasonal produce can significantly benefit the environment. By consuming locally sourced food, we can reduce the need for long-distance transportation and the associated emissions. Seasonal produce also requires less artificial growing conditions, such as heating or cooling, leading to lower energy consumption.
Reducing food waste is another crucial aspect of sustainable food consumption. Consumers can actively plan their meals, buy only what they need, and store food correctly to minimize spoilage. Learning how to repurpose leftovers creatively can also help avoid wasting food. At the same time, restaurants, supermarkets, and other businesses can establish programs to donate unsold food to shelters or food banks.
In addition, it is essential to promote sustainable agricultural practices. Supporting organic and regenerative farming techniques can lead to healthier soil, reduced chemical pollution, and increased biodiversity. Farmers should be encouraged to adopt integrated pest management and responsible water usage practices to ensure long-term sustainability. Governments and other stakeholders should invest in research and development to identify innovative and eco-friendly farming methods.
Lastly, raising public awareness about the environmental impacts of our food choices can be a powerful driver of change. Encouraging people to make informed decisions about what they eat, where it comes from, and how it is produced can contribute to a more sustainable food system. Educating younger generations through school programs and community initiatives can instill lifelong habits of responsible food consumption.