Top 20 Vocabulary Words to Master for Harare, Zimbabwe

Discover the Top 20 Vocabulary Words and Cultural Wonders of Harare, Zimbabwe


This essay presents the top 20 vocabulary words used in the context of Harare, Zimbabwe. The words were selected based on their relevance to the city’s unique culture, history, and geography. The essay provides a detailed explanation of each word’s meaning and usage, along with interesting facts about Harare’s landmarks, attractions, and traditions.

For more Vocabulary Practices, Check out our full Vocabulary Lists.

Back to our main article: English Primary Overview


Harare is the capital city of Zimbabwe and a vibrant destination known for its rich culture, history, and natural beauty. The city has a history dating back over 1,000 years and is home to a vibrant arts scene, delicious cuisine, and a welcoming community. This essay will explore the top 20 vocabulary words used in the context of Harare, offering insights into the city’s unique characteristics and culture.

Top 20 Vocabulary Words to Master for Harare, Zimbabwe

National Heroes AcreWestern HarareNational monument honoring Zimbabwean heroes who fought for independence.
Chapungu Sculpture ParkNorthern HarareSculpture park offering a variety of sculptures, popular with art enthusiasts.
The Great Zimbabwe RuinsSoutheastern ZimbabweUNESCO World Heritage Site known for its stone structures and historical significance.
Harare GardensCentral HararePublic park known for its scenic beauty and popular for picnics and strolls.
Mbare MarketSouthern HarareMarket offering a variety of goods, including fresh produce, textiles, and crafts. Popular with locals and tourists.
Chisipite Senior SchoolNorthern HararePrivate girls’ school known for high academic standards and beautiful campus.
National Art Gallery of ZimbabweCentral HarareMuseum with exhibits on Zimbabwean and international art, popular with art enthusiasts.
Queen Victoria MuseumCentral HarareMuseum with exhibits on the history and culture of Zimbabwe, popular with tourists.
Lake ChiveroSouthwestern HarareLake popular for fishing, boating, and outdoor activities.
Harare International AirportSoutheastern HarareLargest airport in Zimbabwe offering flights to domestic and international destinations.
Borrowdale RacecourseNorthern HarareHorse racing track and popular destination for horse racing enthusiasts.
National Sports StadiumWestern HarareSports stadium popular for soccer and other sporting events.
Sam Levy’s VillageNorthern HarareShopping and entertainment complex with a variety of shops, restaurants, and entertainment options.
Kuimba Shiri Bird SanctuaryNorthern HarareBird sanctuary offering a variety of bird species, popular for birdwatchers and nature lovers.
Vumba Botanical GardensEastern ZimbabwePublic garden known for its scenic beauty and popular for picnics and strolls.
Mukuvisi WoodlandsEastern HarareNature reserve offering a variety of wildlife and popular for outdoor activities.
Africa Unity SquareCentral HararePublic square popular for events and gatherings, surrounded by cafes and restaurants.
Mbira CentreCentral HarareCultural center offering exhibits on traditional Zimbabwean music, popular with music enthusiasts.
The Book CaféCentral HarareRestaurant and performance space offering live music and entertainment options.
Zimbabwe International Trade FairSouthwestern ZimbabweTrade fair offering a variety of exhibits and events, popular with business travelers.

Historical Background

Harare, the vibrant capital city of Zimbabwe, is a bustling metropolis steeped in rich history and cultural diversity. Located in the northeastern part of the country, Harare is the nation’s political, economic, and cultural center, as well as Zimbabwe’s most populous city.

What makes Harare unique is its harmonious blend of modernity and tradition. The city’s architecture reflects its colonial past, with British influences evident in the design of many buildings, while contemporary structures stand side by side with these historical landmarks, symbolizing the nation’s progress and aspirations for the future. Furthermore, Harare is home to numerous green spaces, parks, and gardens, including the National Botanic Gardens, which showcase Zimbabwe’s diverse flora and offer a peaceful escape from the bustling city.

Harare has a rich history dating back to the late 19th century when it was initially established as a British South Africa Company trading post called Fort Salisbury. Over time, the settlement expanded and developed, eventually becoming the administrative center of the British colony of Southern Rhodesia. In 1953, Salisbury became the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, a political union of three British colonial territories, which lasted until 1963.

The path to Zimbabwe’s independence began in the 1960s with the emergence of nationalist movements and the subsequent protracted armed struggle against the minority white-led government. After a long and arduous battle for independence, Zimbabwe finally gained its sovereignty in 1980, and Salisbury was renamed Harare in honor of the Shona chief Neharawa, whose territory the city was built upon.

The people of Harare are known for their warmth, resilience, and hospitality. A melting pot of diverse cultures and ethnicities, Harare boasts a population that includes the majority Shona people, the Ndebele, as well as smaller groups of Chewa, Chibarwe, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Shangani, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa people. This cultural diversity contributes to the city’s rich artistic and cultural heritage, reflected in its vibrant music, dance, visual arts, and literature. Traditional Zimbabwean music, characterized by the distinctive sound of the mbira (thumb piano), can often be heard in local performances, while contemporary genres such as sungura, jit, and urban grooves blend traditional elements with modern influences.

Harare is also an educational hub, home to the University of Zimbabwe and several other tertiary institutions, attracting students from across the country and the African continent. The city boasts a well-established infrastructure, including modern healthcare facilities, shopping centers, and a public transport system that connects the city’s suburbs and the central business district.

Harare, Zimbabwe, and Singapore, located on opposite sides of the globe, share a number of intriguing connections and parallels despite their geographical distance. These connections include historical ties, economic relations, and similarities in overcoming challenges to achieve development and growth.

Connections between Harare and Singapore

To begin with, both Harare and Singapore have colonial pasts that have left indelible marks on their respective societies. Zimbabwe was colonized by the British in the late 19th century and only achieved independence in 1980, while Singapore, founded as a British trading post in 1819, became fully independent in 1965. The legacies of their colonial histories can be seen in the cities’ architecture, education systems, legal frameworks, and use of English as an official language.

Following their independence, both nations faced numerous challenges on their paths towards development. Singapore, a small island nation with limited natural resources, embarked on an ambitious program of industrialization, economic liberalization, and infrastructure development under the visionary leadership of its founding Prime Minister, Lee Kuan Yew. Today, Singapore is renowned for its extraordinary economic success and high standard of living. Similarly, Zimbabwe, led by its founding President, Robert Mugabe, initially pursued ambitious social and economic development programs; however, the country faced significant challenges, including a protracted economic crisis and political instability. Nevertheless, Zimbabwe has shown signs of recovery in recent years, as it seeks to rebuild and revitalize its economy.

In terms of economic relations, both Harare and Singapore have engaged in trade and investment with each other, albeit on a modest scale. Singapore’s investments in Zimbabwe have largely focused on sectors such as manufacturing, telecommunications, and tourism, while Zimbabwe has exported agricultural products and natural resources to Singapore. Furthermore, both countries are members of the Commonwealth, an intergovernmental organization comprising former British colonies, which provides a platform for dialogue, cooperation, and the promotion of trade and investment among its members.

The two cities also share similar concerns and aspirations in relation to sustainable development, environmental conservation, and urban planning. For instance, Harare, like Singapore, is known for its green spaces and has made efforts to preserve and promote these natural havens in the midst of urban development. Both cities are grappling with challenges such as waste management, pollution control, and the need to balance economic growth with environmental sustainability.

Education is another area where connections between Harare and Singapore can be observed. As regional hubs for education, both cities attract students from their respective regions and beyond. The University of Zimbabwe in Harare and the National University of Singapore are renowned institutions that contribute to the development of human capital in their countries. Furthermore, there are opportunities for educational exchanges and collaboration between institutions in both cities.

In terms of cultural and people-to-people connections, Zimbabweans and Singaporeans have engaged in various exchanges and collaborations, particularly in the fields of arts and sports. Zimbabwean musicians have performed in Singapore, showcasing their country’s rich musical heritage, while Singaporean athletes have participated in international sporting events hosted by Zimbabwe.

Finally, both Harare and Singapore have much to learn from each other as they navigate the complex challenges of the 21st century. For Zimbabwe, Singapore’s remarkable transformation from a third-world country to a global powerhouse within a few decades serves as an inspiration and a valuable case study in economic development, governance, and social cohesion. Conversely, Singapore can draw lessons from Zimbabwe’s rich cultural heritage, strong sense of community, and resilience in the face of adversity.

Geopolitical Advantage of Harare, Zimbabwe

Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe, has a unique position in the southern African region. While the country has faced numerous challenges in recent years, there are several geopolitical advantages that Harare and Zimbabwe possess:

  1. Strategic Location: Harare is located in the heart of southern Africa, which places it in a strategic position to facilitate trade and transportation within the region. Zimbabwe shares borders with eight countries, including South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, and Mozambique, providing it with excellent access to various markets in the region.
  2. Natural Resources: Zimbabwe is endowed with abundant natural resources, including minerals such as gold, platinum, diamonds, and coal. Harare plays a crucial role in the management and extraction of these resources, which can potentially contribute to the country’s economic growth and international trade.
  3. Regional Influence: Zimbabwe has historically played a significant role in regional affairs. Harare has often been involved in regional political, economic, and security issues, working with neighboring countries through organizations such as the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the African Union (AU).
  4. Cultural and Historical Significance: Harare and Zimbabwe are home to a rich cultural and historical heritage that spans centuries. The country has various archaeological sites, including the Great Zimbabwe ruins, a UNESCO World Heritage site. This cultural heritage adds to the country’s soft power and global recognition.
  5. Agricultural Potential: Zimbabwe has a favorable climate and fertile soils that support diverse agricultural activities. Harare, as the country’s capital, can play a crucial role in harnessing this potential and facilitating the growth of the agricultural sector, contributing to food security in the region.
  6. Human Capital: Zimbabwe is known for its highly educated and skilled workforce, which can be a critical asset in driving economic growth and development. Harare is home to many educational institutions, providing a platform for the development of human capital.
  7. Diplomatic Relations: Despite the challenges faced by Zimbabwe in recent years, Harare maintains diplomatic relations with numerous countries worldwide. These relationships create opportunities for economic, political, and cultural exchanges that can contribute to the country’s development and global standing.

Harare’s geopolitical advantages stem from its strategic location, natural resources, regional influence, and historical significance, among other factors. While the country faces various challenges, leveraging these advantages could play a crucial role in Zimbabwe’s development and its position within the southern African region and the broader international community.


Harare, the capital and largest city of Zimbabwe, is a thriving metropolis in southern Africa known for its unique blend of historical, cultural, and natural attractions. Situated on a high plateau, Harare enjoys a moderate climate and is surrounded by lush, rolling hills, making it a gateway to some of the country’s most impressive natural landscapes.

Founded in 1890 by British colonists, Harare was originally known as Salisbury and served as the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland before gaining independence in 1980. The city’s rich history is showcased in its colonial-era architecture, which coexists harmoniously with contemporary buildings that reflect the city’s growth and modernization.

Harare is a cultural hub, boasting numerous art galleries, theaters, and cultural centers that host events showcasing Zimbabwean traditional music, crafts, and contemporary art. The city is also home to several museums, including the Zimbabwe Museum of Human Sciences and the National Gallery of Zimbabwe, which offer insight into the country’s history, culture, and heritage.

Sports enthusiasts can enjoy various activities in Harare, such as cricket, golf, and rugby. The city also offers access to nature reserves and national parks, where visitors can explore Zimbabwe’s diverse flora and fauna. Outdoor enthusiasts can participate in birdwatching, hiking, and adventure sports, all within easy reach of the city.

Harare’s markets provide a unique shopping experience, with an array of locally made handicrafts, textiles, and jewelry. Additionally, the city offers a vibrant dining scene that includes both traditional Zimbabwean cuisine and a variety of international options.

For those interested in business and education, Harare is an important economic center for Zimbabwe, with a growing startup culture and numerous opportunities for investment and trade. The city also hosts several universities and research institutions that contribute to the country’s intellectual and academic growth.

Despite facing various challenges in recent years, Harare remains a resilient city with a rich history, a lively cultural scene, and vast natural beauty. Its growing connections with international cities, such as Singapore, present promising opportunities for trade, tourism, and cultural exchange. In summary, Harare is a fascinating destination with much to offer visitors and investors alike.

Data on Harare

Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe, is located in the northeastern part of the country, with a latitude of 17.8292° S and a longitude of 31.0521° E. It is Zimbabwe’s largest city and serves as the country’s political, economic, and cultural center. Here are some key data points about Harare:

  1. Population: As of 2021, the estimated population of Harare is around 1.6 million people, making it the most populous city in Zimbabwe.
  2. Area: Harare covers an area of approximately 960 square kilometers (370 square miles).
  3. Climate: Harare experiences a subtropical highland climate, characterized by cool winters and warm summers. The city’s average annual temperature is around 17.95°C (64.31°F), with January being the warmest month and July the coldest.
  4. Economy: Harare serves as the economic hub of Zimbabwe, hosting various industries such as manufacturing, textiles, food processing, and commercial farming. The city is also the center of Zimbabwe’s banking and financial services sectors.
  5. Education: Harare is home to several institutions of higher learning, including the University of Zimbabwe, which is the oldest and largest university in the country. Other notable institutions include the Harare Institute of Technology, Zimbabwe Ezekiel Guti University, and Women’s University in Africa.
  6. Healthcare: Harare has a number of public and private hospitals, including Parirenyatwa Hospital, Harare Central Hospital, and the private Avenues Clinic. However, the healthcare system in Zimbabwe faces significant challenges, including inadequate infrastructure, insufficient funding, and a lack of essential medical supplies.
  7. Tourism: Some popular tourist attractions in and around Harare include the National Gallery of Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Museum of Human Sciences, the Mukuvisi Woodlands, and the nearby Domboshava Caves.
  8. Transport: Harare is served by the Robert Gabriel Mugabe International Airport, which connects the city to regional and international destinations. The city has a road network that links it to other cities and towns in Zimbabwe, as well as neighboring countries such as South Africa, Zambia, and Mozambique. Public transportation within the city is mainly provided by minibuses known as kombis, along with some government-run bus services.
  9. Sports: The National Sports Stadium, located in Harare, is Zimbabwe’s largest stadium with a capacity of 60,000 spectators. It hosts various sports events, including football matches and athletics competitions.

These data points provide a snapshot of Harare as a vibrant and growing city that serves as the heart of Zimbabwe’s political, economic, and cultural life.

%d bloggers like this: