Top 100 Secondary 4 Vocabulary List: Level Advanced

Mastering Advanced Vocabulary in Grade 10: Boosting Communication and Academic Success (meaning and examples found in Table Below)

These top 100 advanced vocabulary words are considered advanced level because they represent a diverse range of complex, nuanced, and less commonly used terms. Mastering these advanced words enables students to communicate more precisely and effectively, demonstrate intellectual depth, and engage in sophisticated discourse, which distinguishes them from their peers and supports academic success.

Or back to our Vocabulary List

Back to our main article: English Primary Overview

  1. Aberration
  2. Capricious
  3. Debilitate
  4. Ephemeral
  5. Flippant
  6. Gregarious
  7. Heterogeneous
  8. Impervious
  9. Juxtapose
  10. Kinetic
  11. Labyrinthine
  12. Maelstrom
  13. Nebulous
  14. Obfuscate
  15. Pernicious
  16. Quixotic
  17. Recalcitrant
  18. Sycophant
  19. Trepidation
  20. Utilitarian
  21. Vex
  22. Winsome
  23. Xenophobia
  24. Yoke
  25. Zealous
  26. Aberration
  27. Capricious
  28. Debilitate
  29. Ephemeral
  30. Flippant
  31. Gregarious
  32. Heterogeneous
  33. Impervious
  34. Juxtapose
  35. Kinetic
  36. Labyrinthine
  37. Maelstrom
  38. Nebulous
  39. Obfuscate
  40. Pernicious
  41. Quixotic
  42. Recalcitrant
  43. Sycophant
  44. Trepidation
  45. Utilitarian
  46. Vex
  47. Winsome
  48. Xenophobia
  49. Yoke
  50. Zealous
  51. Acquiesce
  52. Belligerent
  53. Chicanery
  54. Disseminate
  55. Esoteric
  56. Furtive
  57. Hapless
  58. Iconoclast
  59. Jejune
  60. Licentious
  61. Morose
  62. Noxious
  63. Onerous
  64. Plethora
  65. Quagmire
  66. Reticent
  67. Supercilious
  68. Taciturn
  69. Unctuous
  70. Vehement
  71. Waive
  72. Xenophile
  73. Yokel
  74. Zephyr
  75. Affable
  76. Bellicose
  77. Cogitate
  78. Dilettante
  79. Exacerbate
  80. Garrulous
  81. Heuristic
  82. Impetuous
  83. Juggernaut
  84. Limerence
  85. Multifarious
  86. Nihilism
  87. Ostentatious
  88. Pragmatic
  89. Querulous
  90. Salubrious
  91. Terse
  92. Unabashed
  93. Verisimilitude
  94. Wizened
  95. Xylophonic
  96. Yaw
  97. Zenith
  98. Amalgamate
  99. Bucolic
  100. Compendium

For the latest in SEAB GCE O levels English Syllabus, here.


At eduKate Tuition, we believe in providing a comprehensive and effective learning experience for our students. In order to achieve this, we have designed a three-step process for Top 100 Vocabulary learning that allows students to fully grasp and apply each word.

  1. Memorization and Spelling: The first step in our vocabulary learning process is memorizing the list of words and their correct spelling. This is essential because it lays the foundation for understanding and utilizing the words correctly. By mastering the spelling, students can avoid any confusion or misunderstanding when they come across the words in reading or writing activities.
  2. Learning the Meaning: The second step is understanding the meaning of each word. It is crucial for students to learn the definition of the words, as this will enable them to use the words accurately in their own writing and speech. By knowing the meaning of each word, students can also better comprehend the texts they read and participate more effectively in discussions or debates.
  3. Studying Examples: The third and final step in our vocabulary learning process is examining examples of each word being used in context. This helps students to appreciate the nuances and subtleties of how the words can be employed in various sentences and situations. By analyzing examples, students gain a deeper understanding of the words and their practical applications, enabling them to use the vocabulary more naturally and confidently in their everyday communication.

By dividing the Top 100 Vocabulary learning into these three sections, we ensure that students have a solid foundation in spelling, a clear understanding of the meaning, and the ability to apply the words effectively in various contexts. This comprehensive approach to vocabulary learning not only strengthens the students’ language skills but also helps them excel in their academic and personal lives.

Top 100 Secondary 4 Vocabulary List: Level Advanced with meanings

AberrationA departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one.
CapriciousGiven to sudden and unaccountable changes in mood or behavior.
DebilitateTo make someone weak and infirm.
EphemeralLasting for a very short time.
FlippantNot showing a serious or respectful attitude.
GregariousFond of company; sociable.
HeterogeneousDiverse in character or content.
ImperviousUnable to be affected by.
JuxtaposeTo place or deal with close together for contrasting effect.
KineticRelating to or resulting from motion.
LabyrinthineComplicated and difficult to understand or follow.
MaelstromA powerful whirlpool in the sea or a river.
NebulousIn the form of a cloud or haze; hazy, unclear, or ill-defined.
ObfuscateTo render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.
PerniciousHaving a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
QuixoticExceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical.
RecalcitrantHaving an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority or discipline.
SycophantA person who acts obsequiously toward someone important in order to gain advantage.
TrepidationA feeling of fear or agitation about something that may happen.
UtilitarianDesigned to be useful or practical rather than attractive.
VexTo make someone feel annoyed, frustrated, or worried, especially with trivial matters.
WinsomeAttractive or appealing in appearance or character.
XenophobiaDislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
YokeA wooden crosspiece that is fastened over the necks of two animals and attached to the plow or cart that they are to pull.
ZealousHaving or showing zeal; full of energy and enthusiasm.
AcquiesceTo accept something reluctantly but without protest.
BelligerentHostile and aggressive.
ChicaneryThe use of deception or subterfuge to achieve one’s purpose.
DisseminateTo spread or disperse information widely.
EsotericIntended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest.
FurtiveAttempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt or a belief that discovery would lead to trouble; secretive.
HaplessUnfortunate; (chiefly of a person) unlucky.
IconoclastA person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions.
JejuneNaive, simplistic, and superficial; lacking interest or significance.
LicentiousPromiscuous and unprincipled in sexual matters.
MoroseSullen and ill-tempered.
NoxiousHarmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant.
OnerousInvolving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome.
PlethoraA large or excessive amount of something.
QuagmireA soft boggy area of land that gives way underfoot; an awkward, complex, or hazardous situation.
ReticentNot revealing one’s thoughts or feelings readily.
SuperciliousBehaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others.
TaciturnReserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little.
UnctuousExcessively or ingratiatingly flattering; oily.
VehementShowing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense.
WaiveTo refrain from insisting on or using (a right or claim).
XenophileA person who is attracted to foreign peoples, cultures, or customs.
YokelAn uneducated and unsophisticated person from the countryside.
ZephyrA soft, gentle breeze.
AffableFriendly, good-natured, or easy to talk to.
BellicoseDemonstrating aggression and willingness to fight.
CogitateTo think deeply about something; meditate or reflect.
DilettanteA person who cultivates an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge.
ExacerbateTo make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
GarrulousExcessively talkative, especially on trivial matters.
HeuristicEnabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves.
ImpetuousActing or done quickly and without thought or care.
JuggernautA huge, powerful, and overwhelming force or institution.
LimerenceThe state of being infatuated with another person, typically experienced involuntarily and characterized by a strong desire for reciprocation of one’s feelings but not primarily for a sexual relationship.
MultifariousMany and of various types.
NihilismThe rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless.
OstentatiousCharacterized by vulgar or pretentious display; designed to impress or attract notice.
PragmaticDealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.
QuerulousComplaining in a petulant or whining manner.
SalubriousHealth-giving; healthy.
TerseSparing in the use of words; abrupt.
UnabashedNot embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed.
VerisimilitudeThe appearance of being true or real.
WizenedShriveled or wrinkled with age.
XylophonicRelating to or resembling the sound of a xylophone.
YawTo deviate
ZenithThe highest point reached by a celestial or other object; the time at which something is most powerful or successful.
AmalgamateTo combine or unite to form one organization or structure.
BucolicRelating to the pleasant aspects of the countryside and country life.
CompendiumA collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, especially in a book or other publication.

We, at eduKate Tuition, believe in providing the best tools and strategies to help our Sec 4 English students to excel in their learning journeying our small groups tutorials. To use the table of meanings effectively and master the vocabulary, we advise students to employ the following learning techniques and memory methods:

  1. Active Reading: Read through the table of meanings multiple times, focusing on understanding the definitions of the words. When you encounter a word you’re not familiar with, pause and try to understand the meaning before moving on. Make a habit of revisiting the table consistently to reinforce your learning.
  2. Visualization: Connect the meaning of each word to a mental image or a vivid scenario. Associating words with visual cues helps create stronger memory connections, making it easier to recall the meanings when needed.
  3. Flashcards: Create flashcards with the words on one side and their meanings on the other. Review the flashcards regularly, testing yourself on both the word and its meaning. This spaced repetition technique helps reinforce the vocabulary in your long-term memory.
  4. Mnemonics: Develop mnemonic devices for words that are challenging to remember. Mnemonics can be acronyms, rhymes, or memorable phrases that help you associate the word with its meaning more effectively.
  5. Practice in Context: Incorporate the new vocabulary words into your writing and speaking whenever possible. Using the words in context helps you internalize their meanings and enhances your ability to apply them correctly.
  6. Teach Others: Share your knowledge with friends or family members. Teaching others is a proven way to reinforce your understanding and helps solidify the vocabulary in your memory.
  7. Test Yourself: Periodically test yourself on the vocabulary words and their meanings to track your progress and identify areas for improvement. You can use quizzes, puzzles, or games as fun ways to challenge yourself.

By employing these learning techniques and memory methods, students at eduKate Tuition can effectively use the table of meanings and develop a strong vocabulary foundation. This, in turn, will help them excel in their academic pursuits and beyond.

WordExample Sentence
AberrationHis outburst in class was an aberration, as he was usually well-behaved.
CapriciousHer capricious nature made it difficult to predict her reactions.
DebilitateThe flu debilitated her so much that she was unable to attend school for a week.
EphemeralTheir ephemeral happiness was replaced by the reality of their situation.
FlippantHis flippant response to the serious question caught everyone off-guard.
GregariousHer gregarious personality made her popular among her classmates.
HeterogeneousThe school’s club day was a heterogeneous mix of students with varying interests.
ImperviousShe remained impervious to the criticism, focusing instead on her goals.
JuxtaposeThe director decided to juxtapose the two contrasting scenes to create a powerful effect.
KineticThe dancer’s kinetic movements were mesmerizing to watch.
LabyrinthineThe labyrinthine hallways of the old building made it difficult to navigate.
MaelstromThe sudden tragedy created a maelstrom of emotions within the community.
NebulousThe teacher’s nebulous explanation left the students more confused than before.
ObfuscatePoliticians often obfuscate the facts to confuse voters.
PerniciousThe pernicious rumors damaged her reputation within the community.
QuixoticHis quixotic dreams of becoming a famous musician kept him motivated.
RecalcitrantThe recalcitrant student refused to follow the teacher’s instructions.
SycophantHis reputation as a sycophant made others wary of his intentions.
TrepidationShe felt a sense of trepidation before stepping on stage for her performance.
UtilitarianThe utilitarian design of the room prioritized function over aesthetics.
VexHis constant teasing began to vex her, and she decided to confront him.
WinsomeHer winsome smile and friendly demeanor put everyone at ease.
XenophobiaThe campaign against xenophobia aimed to promote tolerance and understanding among different cultures.
YokeThey worked together to break free from the yoke of oppression.
ZealousThe zealous volunteers dedicated their time and energy to the cause.
AcquiesceShe decided to acquiesce to her friend’s request for help, even though she was tired.
BelligerentHis belligerent attitude during the debate made others uncomfortable.
ChicaneryThe businessman’s chicanery landed him in legal trouble.
DisseminateThe organization aimed to disseminate important information about the issue.
EsotericThe professor’s esoteric lecture went over the heads of most students.
FurtiveHe cast a furtive glance at the test answers on his classmate’s desk.
WordExample Sentence
HaplessThe hapless student forgot his homework for the third time this week.
IconoclastThe young artist was seen as an iconoclast for challenging the traditional norms of art.
JejuneThe movie’s plot was so jejune that many audience members left halfway through.
LicentiousThe novel’s licentious content sparked a great deal of controversy.
MoroseAfter receiving his exam results, he became morose and withdrawn.
NoxiousThe factory emitted noxious fumes, causing environmental concerns.
OnerousThe onerous workload led to widespread burnout among the employees.
PlethoraThe library offered a plethora of resources for the students to explore.
QuagmireThe country found itself in a political quagmire after the controversial election.
ReticentShe was reticent to share her thoughts during the group discussion.
SuperciliousHis supercilious attitude made it difficult for others to work with him.
TaciturnThe taciturn student rarely participated in class discussions.
UnabashedShe was unabashed in her pursuit of the lead role in the school play.
VerisimilitudeThe film achieved verisimilitude through its accurate portrayal of historical events.
WizenedThe wizened old man shared his wisdom with the young students.
XylophonicThe xylophonic sound of the wooden wind chimes created a soothing atmosphere.
YawThe boat began to yaw in the choppy waters, making the passengers uneasy.
ZenithShe reached the zenith of her career after winning the prestigious award.
AmalgamateThe two companies decided to amalgamate in order to improve their market position.
BucolicThe bucolic countryside was a refreshing change from the bustling city.
CompendiumThe book serves as a compendium of the most influential works in the field.
DilettanteThough a dilettante in painting, he was passionate about appreciating fine art.
ExacerbateThe loud music only served to exacerbate her headache.
GarrulousThe garrulous tour guide provided a wealth of information about the city’s history.
HeuristicThe teacher employed a heuristic approach to learning, encouraging students to discover answers on their own.
ImpetuousHer impetuous decision to travel abroad left her with little time for planning.
JuggernautThe rise of social media has become a cultural juggernaut, changing the way we communicate.
LimerenceThe young couple’s limerence soon evolved into a deep, lasting love.
MultifariousThe project involved a multifarious array of tasks and responsibilities.
NihilismThe philosophy of nihilism suggests that life has no inherent meaning or purpose.
WordExample Sentence
OstentatiousHis ostentatious display of wealth did not impress his peers.
PragmaticHer pragmatic approach to problem-solving helped the team efficiently complete the project.
QuerulousThe querulous customer complained about every aspect of the store.
SalubriousThe fresh mountain air was a salubrious change from the polluted city atmosphere.
TerseThe terse email left the recipient feeling uncertain about the sender’s intentions.
UnabashedHe was unabashed in his admiration for his favorite author, eagerly sharing his thoughts with others.
VehementShe expressed her vehement disagreement with the decision, arguing for an alternative solution.
WaiveThe university decided to waive the application fee for students facing financial hardship.
XenophileAs a xenophile, she was always interested in learning about new cultures and traditions.
YokelThe city dwellers viewed the rural residents as yokels, not understanding the complexity of their lives.
ZephyrThe gentle zephyr cooled them as they relaxed on the porch during a warm summer evening.

Master Advanced Vocabulary: Tips for Grade 10 Students to Excel Academically and Professionally

The labyrinthine world of advanced vocabulary can often seem nebulous to Grade 10 students, yet a keen understanding of such words is essential for effective communication. As the zeitgeist shifts, it becomes increasingly important for students to expand their lexicon, becoming more perspicacious and eloquent individuals.

In a heterogeneous classroom, students with diverse backgrounds and interests must learn to navigate the maelstrom of ideas and opinions. The utilization of a multifarious vocabulary enables them to cogitate and express their thoughts with aplomb. Moreover, by avoiding jejune language, students can demonstrate a level of erudition that sets them apart from their peers.

Utilitarian principles dictate that students must be pragmatic in their approach to learning. Developing a command of advanced vocabulary, they can circumvent the pitfalls of simplistic language and construct compelling arguments. As they delve into esoteric subjects, the ability to discern between the terse and the bombastic becomes invaluable.

A student’s ability to juxtapose disparate concepts using complex language illustrates a depth of understanding that transcends superficial analysis. Delving into the intricacies of various subjects, they may encounter dilemmas that require a keen sense of discernment. For instance, grappling with the quixotic nature of idealism, they might recognize the importance of balancing ambition with reality.

On a more social level, the acquisition of an expansive vocabulary has its merits. In a gregarious setting, students may find themselves conversing with loquacious individuals whose words are replete with nuances. A strong vocabulary will enable them to engage in meaningful discourse and effectively navigate any conversational quagmire.

In conclusion, an advanced vocabulary empowers Grade 10 students to communicate with precision and sophistication, enabling them to thrive academically and socially. As they continue to amalgamate new words into their lexicon, they will undoubtedly become more discerning, articulate, and confident individuals, ready to face the challenges of an ever-changing world.

Let’s master these top 100 words for Advanced Level

To master these advanced level vocabulary words, follow these steps:

  1. Create a list: Compile the advanced vocabulary words you want to learn, including their definitions and examples of usage.
  2. Daily practice: Learn a few new words each day, focusing on their spelling, pronunciation, and meaning. Review previously learned words regularly to reinforce your memory.
  3. Use flashcards: Create flashcards with the word on one side and the definition on the other. You can use physical cards or digital tools like Quizlet or Anki. Review the flashcards regularly.
  4. Read widely: Expose yourself to diverse and challenging texts such as newspapers, magazines, novels, or academic articles. This will help you encounter advanced vocabulary in context and develop a deeper understanding of their usage.
  5. Incorporate words into your writing: Practice using new vocabulary in your writing assignments or personal journal. This will help you internalize the words and become more comfortable using them.
  6. Practice speaking: Incorporate new words into your daily conversations to become more comfortable with their pronunciation and usage. You can also join a debate or public speaking club to practice using advanced vocabulary in a more structured setting.
  7. Learn word roots, prefixes, and suffixes: Understanding the building blocks of words can help you decipher the meanings of unfamiliar words and expand your vocabulary more effectively.
  8. Play word games: Engage in word games like Scrabble, Boggle, or crossword puzzles to reinforce your vocabulary skills in a fun and engaging way.
  9. Join a study group: Collaborate with peers who are also working to improve their vocabulary. Share new words, discuss their meanings, and test each other’s knowledge.
  10. Be consistent and patient: Mastering advanced vocabulary takes time and dedication. Set realistic goals for yourself and maintain a consistent study routine. Remember that progress may be gradual, but your efforts will pay off in the long run.

When do we use these words to maximise it

To maximize the impact of using advanced vocabulary words, consider the following situations and tips:

  1. Formal writing: Use advanced vocabulary in essays, research papers, reports, or any other formal writing context to enhance the sophistication and clarity of your arguments.
  2. Academic discussions: In classroom debates, seminars, or presentations, using advanced vocabulary can help you express complex ideas more precisely and demonstrate your in-depth understanding of the subject matter.
  3. Professional settings: When communicating with colleagues, superiors, or clients, using advanced vocabulary can create a positive impression of your competence and professionalism.
  4. Job interviews: Demonstrating a strong vocabulary during interviews can showcase your communication skills, intellectual prowess, and suitability for the role.
  5. Opinion pieces or persuasive writing: Advanced vocabulary can help you present persuasive arguments and convey your ideas more compellingly.

Remember these tips for effective use of advanced vocabulary:

  1. Choose the right word: Select words that accurately convey your intended meaning and fit the context. Misusing advanced vocabulary can have the opposite effect, making your communication confusing or pretentious.
  2. Don’t overuse: While using advanced vocabulary can be impactful, overusing it can make your writing or speech difficult to understand. Strive for balance by incorporating advanced words judiciously and combining them with simpler language when appropriate.
  3. Know your audience: Consider the background and knowledge of your audience. If they are likely to be familiar with advanced vocabulary, using it can enhance your communication. However, if they may not understand the words you use, consider simpler alternatives or provide context to clarify your meaning.
  4. Practice: Regularly practice using advanced vocabulary in your writing and speaking to become more comfortable and fluent with these words. This will help you use them naturally and effectively when the situation arises.

In Summary

Expanding one’s advanced vocabulary is essential for grade 10 students to succeed academically and professionally. Mastering these complex words improves communication, enhances intellectual depth, and allows for sophisticated discourse. To learn advanced vocabulary, students can follow strategies such as daily practice, reading widely, using flashcards, incorporating words into writing and speaking, and playing word games. Using advanced vocabulary effectively depends on choosing the right words, knowing the audience, and striking a balance between simplicity and complexity. SEO optimization for related content should focus on relevant keywords, engaging titles, meta descriptions, headers, and user-friendly formatting.

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