What Vocabulary Words to Learn for Primary 2 English with meaning?

What Vocabulary Words to Learn for Primary 2 English with meaning? Basics

Vocabulary development is fundamental to improving reading and writing skills. For Primary 2 (typically 7 to 8-year-olds) English, here’s a list of words that can be incorporated. This list is by no means exhaustive but can serve as a starting point:

  1. Adjectives:
    • Beautiful
    • Bright
    • Colorful
    • Delicious
    • Fast
    • Gigantic
    • Heavy
    • Tiny
    • Noisy
    • Quiet
  2. Verbs:
    • Whisper
    • Shout
    • Jump
    • Run
    • Climb
    • Draw
    • Swim
    • Laugh
    • Think
    • Listen
  3. Nouns:
    • Mountain
    • Ocean
    • Tree
    • Book
    • Bicycle
    • Animal
    • School
    • Friend
    • Sky
    • Toy
  4. Common Phrases:
    • Once upon a time
    • During the day
    • In the night
    • On top of
    • Beneath/under
    • In front of
    • Behind
    • Next to
    • Far away
    • Near/close to
  5. Contractions:
    • I’m (I am)
    • Isn’t (is not)
    • Don’t (do not)
    • Can’t (cannot)
    • We’ll (we will)
    • She’s (she is)
    • He’s (he is)
    • They’re (they are)
    • You’re (you are)
    • We’ve (we have)
  6. Time-related words:
    • Morning
    • Noon
    • Evening
    • Night
    • Today
    • Tomorrow
    • Yesterday
    • Now
    • Later
    • Soon
  7. Colors:
    • Red
    • Blue
    • Green
    • Yellow
    • Orange
    • Purple
    • Pink
    • Brown
    • Black
    • White
  8. Numbers & Concepts (beyond basic counting):
    • Double
    • Half
    • More than
    • Less than
    • Between
    • Dozen
    • Pair
    • Many
    • Few
    • Several
  9. Feelings/Emotions:
    • Happy
    • Sad
    • Excited
    • Scared
    • Angry
    • Surprised
    • Tired
    • Bored
    • Curious
    • Frustrated
  10. Days & Months:
  • Monday to Sunday
  • January to December

Time-related words:

  • Morning
  • Noon
  • Evening
  • Night
  • Today
  • Tomorrow
  • Yesterday
  • Now
  • Later
  • Soon


  • Red
  • Blue
  • Green
  • Yellow
  • Orange
  • Purple
  • Pink
  • Brown
  • Black
  • White

Numbers & Concepts:

  • Double
  • Half
  • More than
  • Less than
  • Between
  • Dozen
  • Pair
  • Many
  • Few
  • Several


  • Happy
  • Sad
  • Angry
  • Excited
  • Scared
  • Calm
  • Jealous
  • Tired
  • Surprised
  • Confused

Basic Opposites:

  • Big (Small)
  • Hot (Cold)
  • Day (Night)
  • Full (Empty)
  • Hard (Soft)
  • Young (Old)
  • Tall (Short)
  • Light (Heavy)
  • Near (Far)
  • High (Low)

Family & Relationships:

  • Mother
  • Father
  • Brother
  • Sister
  • Grandmother
  • Grandfather
  • Aunt
  • Uncle
  • Cousin
  • Friend

Places & Locations:

  • Home
  • School
  • Park
  • Zoo
  • Hospital
  • Library
  • Supermarket
  • Beach
  • Mountain
  • Cinema

Objects & Things:

  • Toy
  • Book
  • Pen
  • Chair
  • Table
  • Bicycle
  • Clock
  • Shoe
  • Bag
  • Ball


  • Dog
  • Cat
  • Bird
  • Fish
  • Elephant
  • Lion
  • Rabbit
  • Frog
  • Cow
  • Monkey

Additionally, interactive methods such as reading storybooks, playing vocabulary games, and engaging in discussions can help to naturally introduce new words and reinforce their meanings. Encourage children to use these words in sentences to grasp their context and deeper understanding.

eduKate Parent Reviews:

1. Linda T., Mother of 8-year-old, Sarah

“Mastering vocabulary during Sarah’s Primary 2 years always seemed daunting. But, after reading the article “What Vocabulary Words to Learn for Primary 2 English?” I felt equipped with a clear roadmap. We incorporated word games into our daily routine and diversified our reading materials. I was amazed how much Sarah’s reading comprehension improved in just a few weeks. The tip about using visual aids was especially beneficial. I highly recommend parents engage in active discussions with their children—it’s a simple yet powerful way to reinforce new words. The provided links to Oxford Learning and Cambridge English became our go-to for additional resources.”

2. Rajesh K., Father of 7-year-old, Aryan

“When Aryan entered his Primary two year, I noticed he struggled with English, especially vocabulary. This article sheds light on the importance of vocabulary at this crucial phase. As suggested, we started using educational apps, and the results were phenomenal. Contextual learning made a huge difference, too. Instead of memorising words, Aryan began understanding them, boosting his writing skills and overall confidence. The FAQ section was a lifesaver, addressing all my concerns. It’s evident that a strong vocabulary foundation plays a significant role in a child’s language development.”

Quick Summary for Parents:

  • What it is: Vocabulary development at the Primary 2 level is crucial for English language proficiency.
  • Improving it: Regular reading, word games, and active engagement can help.
  • How to learn: Contextual learning, visual aids, and repetition are effective strategies.
  • How to prepare: Ensure exposure to diverse reading materials and create a conducive learning environment.
  • What can be done: Encourage daily practice, provide tools, and get professional help if needed.
  • Reasons: A strong vocabulary foundation will benefit reading, writing, and communication skills in the long run.

Vocabulary Words to Learn for Primary 2 English with meaning


WordMeaningExample Sentence
BeautifulPleasing to the eyes or mindThe garden is beautiful.
BrightGiving off or reflecting much lightThe sun is very bright today.
ColorfulFull of colorShe wore a colorful dress.
DeliciousVery pleasant to tasteThis cake is delicious!
FastMoving quicklyHe can run very fast.
GiganticVery largeThe elephant is gigantic.
HeavyWeighing a lotThis box is too heavy for me.
TinyVery smallI found a tiny bug.
NoisyMaking a lot of noiseThe market is very noisy.
QuietMaking little or no noiseThe library is a quiet place.


WordMeaningExample Sentence
WhisperTo speak very softlyHe will whisper the secret in your ear.
ShoutTo call or cry out loudlyDon’t shout in the classroom.
JumpTo push off with both feetThe cat can jump very high.
RunTo move rapidly on footHe likes to run in the park.
ClimbTo go up using hands and/or feetShe will climb the tree.
DrawTo make a picture with a pen or pencilI love to draw houses.
SwimTo move through waterHe can swim very fast.
LaughTo express happiness with soundWe laugh at funny jokes.
ThinkTo have ideas or consider somethingI think it’s going to rain.
ListenTo give attention to soundListen to the music.


WordMeaningExample Sentence
MountainA very tall, rocky landformWe hiked up the mountain last summer.
OceanA vast body of salt waterThe Pacific is the largest ocean.
TreeA tall plant with a wooden trunkThe tree provides shade on hot days.
BookA set of pages with informationMy favorite book is about dragons.
BicycleA vehicle with two wheelsI ride my bicycle to school.
AnimalA living creature like dogs or lionsThe lion is a wild animal.
SchoolA place where children learnI have many friends at school.
FriendSomeone whom you like and trustMy best friend is named Sarah.
SkyThe space above the EarthThe sky is blue and clear today.
ToyAn object for children to play withMy favorite toy is a teddy bear.

Common Phrases:

PhraseMeaningExample Sentence
Once upon a timeUsed to start fairy tales or storiesOnce upon a time, there was a king.
During the dayWhile the sun is upI work during the day and rest at night.
In the nightDuring nighttime hoursOwls are active in the night.
On top ofOver or above something elseThe cat is sitting on top of the roof.
Beneath/underIn a lower position than something elseThe dog hid beneath the table.
In front ofPositioned before or ahead ofThe teacher stands in front of the class.
BehindAt the back ofThe ball is behind the sofa.
Next toDirectly besideSit next to your sister, please.
Far awayA long distance from a pointMy grandmother lives far away.
Near/close toA short distance from a pointThe park is near our house.


ContractionFull FormMeaningExample Sentence
I’mI amRefers to oneselfI’m going to the park.
Isn’tis notNegative form of “is”It isn’t raining today.
Don’tdo notAdvising against an actionDon’t touch the hot stove.
Can’tcannotIncapable of doing somethingI can’t find my toy.
We’llwe willIndicates future actionWe’ll visit Grandma tomorrow.
She’sshe isReferring to a female subjectShe’s my best friend.
He’she isReferring to a male subjectHe’s playing football now.
They’rethey areReferring to a group of peopleThey’re coming to the party.
You’reyou areReferring to someone being spoken toYou’re doing a great job.
We’vewe haveDenotes possession or experienceWe’ve got some cookies.

Time-related words:

WordMeaningExample Sentence
MorningThe early part of the dayI wake up early in the morning.
NoonThe middle of the day; 12:00 PMWe usually eat lunch at noon.
EveningThe late part of the dayThe sun sets in the evening.
NightThe time after sunset; darknessStars shine at night.
TodayThe present dayI have a test today.
TomorrowThe day after todayWe’ll go to the zoo tomorrow.
YesterdayThe day before todayI visited Grandma yesterday.
NowAt the present timeI am doing my homework now.
LaterAt some time in the futureWe’ll eat ice cream later.
SoonIn a short time from nowSummer vacation will start soon.


WordMeaningExample Sentence
RedA primary colorApples are usually red.
BlueA primary colorThe sky is blue on a clear day.
GreenColor of grassLeaves are green in spring.
YellowBright color like the sunThe sunflower is yellow.
OrangeColor of the fruit, orangeI have an orange backpack.
PurpleColor of violetsShe likes purple grapes.
PinkLight shade of redMy sister’s dress is pink.
BrownColor of chocolateBears are usually brown.
BlackAbsence of colorThe night sky is black.
WhiteColor of snowClouds are usually white.

Numbers & Concepts:

WordMeaningExample Sentence
DoubleTwice the amount or sizeI’ll take a double scoop of ice cream.
HalfOne of two equal parts of a wholeI ate half of the pizza.
More thanGreater in amountI have more than five candies.
Less thanSmaller in amountShe read less than ten books.
BetweenIn the middle of two thingsThe cat is sitting between two chairs.
DozenA group of twelveI bought a dozen eggs.
PairA set of two thingsI have a pair of socks.
ManyA large numberThere are many stars in the sky.
FewA small numberThere are a few apples left.
SeveralMore than a few but not a lotShe has several toys in her room.


WordMeaningExample Sentence
HappyFeeling joy or pleasureHe’s happy because it’s his birthday.
SadFeeling sorrow or unhappinessShe felt sad when her toy broke.
AngryFeeling strong annoyanceHe was angry when he lost his game.
ExcitedFeeling very enthusiastic and eagerI’m excited about the school trip.
ScaredFeeling fear or worryGhost stories make her scared.
CalmFree from excitement or anxietyThe lake is very calm in the morning.
JealousFeeling envy of someone or their achievementsHe’s jealous of her new bike.
TiredNeeding sleep or restAfter the long walk, she was tired.
SurprisedFeeling sudden wonder or astonishmentHe was surprised by the gift.
ConfusedUnable to think clearlyThe math problem made him confused.

Basic Opposites:

WordOppositeMeaningExample Sentence
BigSmallOf considerable size or extentThat’s a big tree.
HotColdHaving a high temperatureThe tea is too hot to drink.
DayNightTime between sunrise and sunsetWe play during the day.
FullEmptyContaining or holding as much as possibleThe glass is full of milk.
HardSoftSolid, firm, and resistantThe floor is hard.
YoungOldHaving lived or existed for only a short timeMy brother is young.
TallShortOf great heightHe is tall for his age.
LightHeavyNot dark in colorFeathers are light.
NearFarClose by in distanceThe shop is near my house.
HighLowAt a great vertical elevationBirds fly high in the sky.

Family & Relationships:

WordMeaningExample Sentence
MotherA female parentMy mother makes delicious cookies.
FatherA male parentMy father reads me a story at night.
BrotherA male siblingMy brother plays soccer with me.
SisterA female siblingMy sister likes to draw.
GrandmotherThe mother of one’s mother or fatherWe visit our grandmother every Sunday.
GrandfatherThe father of one’s mother or fatherGrandfather tells us old stories.
AuntThe sister of one’s mother or fatherMy aunt gave me a lovely gift.
UncleThe brother of one’s mother or fatherMy uncle teaches me how to fish.
CousinA child of one’s aunt or uncleI play video games with my cousin.
FriendSomeone whom you like and spend time withSarah is my best friend at school.

Places & Locations:

WordMeaningExample Sentence
HomeA place where one livesI’ll be at home after school.
SchoolA place where children go to learnWe have a math test at school today.
ParkA public place with green space for recreationLet’s play on the swings at the park.
ZooA place where wild animals are kept for public viewingI saw a lion at the zoo.
HospitalA place where sick or injured people get careMy mom works at the hospital.
LibraryA place with many books to read or borrowI borrow books from the library every week.
SupermarketA large shop that sells groceries and goodsWe buy our groceries from the supermarket.
BeachA sandy shore near the sea or oceanWe built sandcastles at the beach.
MountainA high, often rocky area of landWe’re going hiking on the mountain.
CinemaA place to watch moviesWe watched a movie at the cinema yesterday.

Objects & Things:

WordMeaningExample Sentence
ToyAn object for children to play withMy favorite toy is a teddy bear.
BookA set of written or printed pagesI read a book before bedtime.
PenAn instrument for writing with inkI need a pen to write a letter.
ChairA seat for one personPlease sit on the chair.
TableA flat surface supported by legsWe eat dinner at the table.
BicycleA vehicle with two wheelsI ride my bicycle to school.
ClockAn instrument to measure and show timeThe clock says it’s 3 o’clock.
ShoeA covering for the footI need new shoes for the party.
BagA container to carry thingsI packed my bag for the trip.
BallA round object used in many gamesLet’s play catch with the ball.


WordMeaningExample Sentence
DogA domesticated carnivorous mammalMy dog barks when someone comes over.
CatA small domesticated carnivorous mammalThe cat purrs when it’s happy.
BirdA warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrateThe bird sings beautifully.
FishA water-dwelling animal with gillsI have a gold fish in my aquarium.
ElephantA large mammal with a trunkThe elephant is the largest land animal.
LionA wild cat known as the “king of the jungle”The lion roared loudly.
RabbitA burrowing mammal with long earsThe rabbit hops around the garden.
FrogA tailless amphibian with strong legsThe frog jumped into the pond.
CowA large domesticated mammal, source of milkThe cow grazed in the field.
MonkeyA tree-dwelling mammal with a long tailThe monkey swung from branch to branch.

Understanding the Importance: What It Is

Primary 2 is a crucial phase in a child’s English learning journey. At this stage, vocabulary expansion plays a vital role in not only improving reading and comprehension skills but also in building a foundation for fluent communication. The right vocabulary words equip students to express themselves clearly and understand texts at a deeper level.

Enhancing Vocabulary: Improving It

Improving vocabulary at the Primary 2 level requires a blend of structured learning and fun, engaging activities. Parents and teachers can:

  1. Introduce Word Games: Games like Scrabble, Boggle, or word search puzzles can be exciting ways to discover new words.
  2. Encourage Reading: Regular reading exposes children to a wealth of vocabulary. Diverse genres, including fiction, non-fiction, and poetry, are beneficial.
  3. Active Discussion: Engaging children in discussions about their day, books they’ve read, or stories they’ve heard can prompt them to use and recall new words.

Techniques and Tools: How to Learn

  1. Contextual Learning: Teach words in context. Instead of rote memorization, use sentences, stories, or situations where the word would naturally occur.
  2. Visual Aids: Flashcards, illustrated books, and apps can help solidify the meaning of words.
  3. Repetition: Regularly revisiting and using new vocabulary words ensures they are committed to long-term memory.

Here are more Vocabulary Lists for Primary 2 English students with meanings and examples:

Primary 2

For students in Primary 2 (typically around ages 7-8), vocabulary acquisition is a critical part of their language development. At this stage, they’re moving from foundational word recognition to reading fluency and comprehension. They’re also learning to communicate more complex thoughts, both in writing and verbally. Here’s a breakdown of why the vocabulary words provided are foundational for Primary 2 English:

  1. Time-related words: Understanding time helps students sequence events and develop a sense of past, present, and future. It’s common in narratives and is essential for understanding routine (e.g., “We’ll read this book tomorrow“).
  2. Colors: Colors are one of the basic descriptors that children first learn. They’re used for descriptions, categorizing objects, and symbolic meanings (e.g., “feeling blue“).
  3. Numbers & Concepts: These words assist in quantitative understanding. They’re essential not just for mathematics but also for understanding amounts, differences, and comparisons in everyday situations.
  4. Feelings/Emotions: Emotion words help children express themselves and understand the feelings of others. They play a significant role in social interactions and in understanding narratives or stories.
  5. Basic Opposites: Opposites help students learn antonyms and broaden their vocabulary range. They provide a more in-depth understanding of words by knowing their counterparts (e.g., understanding what “hot” means by also knowing “cold”).
  6. Family & Relationships: These words form the basis of personal identity and relationships. Children often talk about their family members, and these terms are also frequent in early reading materials.
  7. Places & Locations: Familiarizing students with various places helps them understand settings in stories, gives context to real-world situations, and aids in spatial understanding.
  8. Objects & Things: Everyday objects are essential for basic communication. They’re also the nouns children encounter most frequently in early reading materials.
  9. Animals: Animals are a common topic in children’s literature, and children often have a natural curiosity about them. Knowing animal names enhances their understanding of the world and the diversity of life.

In everyday life, these words form the backbone of most conversations and written communications students encounter. For example, they’ll use time-related words to discuss their day, color words to describe objects, and emotion words to express how they feel.

In the context of Primary 2 English:

  • These words appear frequently in reading materials tailored for this age group.
  • They’re essential for comprehension questions and basic written assignments.
  • They’re used in oral communication exercises and during class discussions.

The vocabulary listed is crucial because it covers various everyday topics and situations. It provides students with a foundational language toolkit, allowing them to describe, question, and understand the world around them. These words are not only foundational for Primary 2 English but also pave the way for more advanced language skills in subsequent years.

Setting the Stage: How to Prepare

  1. Diverse Reading Material: A well-stocked bookshelf with various reading materials encourages natural vocabulary growth.
  2. Conducive Environment: A quiet and comfortable learning space can significantly improve concentration and retention.
  3. Set a Routine: Consistency in learning can be established by setting aside a specific time for vocabulary practice each day.

Additional Measures: What Can Be Done

If you find that your child is struggling despite the efforts, consider the following:

  1. Professional Tutoring: A tutor specializingin Primary 2 English can offer targeted support.
  2. Educational Apps: Many apps are designed to enhance vocabulary learning, offering interactive lessons and quizzes.
  3. Engage in Social Learning: Joining book clubs or study groupscan offer a platform for children to use and learn new words.

Why it Matters: The Reasons

A robust vocabulary foundation at the Primary 2 level:

  1. Enhances Reading Comprehension: A broader vocabulary means better understanding of texts.
  2. Boosts Writing Skills: A rich word bank allows for varied and expressive writing.
  3. Facilitates Communication: Clear and effective communication is rooted in a strong vocabulary.
  4. Builds Confidence: Children who are confident in their language skills are more likely to participate in discussions and express their ideas.

Helpful Resources:

For additional guidance and tools, consider the following international websites:

  1. Oxford Learning’s Vocabulary Activities
  2. Cambridge English’s Activities for Children
  3. BBC Learning English for Kids

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Why is the Primary 2 level so critical for vocabulary development?

The Primary 2 stage is when children are transitioning from basic reading and understanding to more complex comprehension. Building a strong vocabulary at this phase ensures they are well-equipped to tackle advanced texts and communicate effectively in the coming years.

2. How can I make vocabulary learning fun for my child?

Introduce them to engaging word games, like Scrabble or Boggle. Encourage reading by picking out books of interest to them. Active discussions, storytelling sessions, and even fun quizzes can also make the learning process enjoyable.

3. Are there any tools or apps to help my child learn vocabulary for Primary 2 English?

Yes, several educational apps focus on vocabulary enhancement. Websites like Oxford Learning and Cambridge English offer activities and resources tailored for children. Additionally, apps available on various app stores, designed specifically for vocabulary building, can be beneficial.

4. How often should my child practice or engage with new vocabulary words?

Daily practice is ideal. Even if it’s just 10-15 minutes a day, consistent exposure and use of new words will aid retention and mastery.

5. I’m worried about overwhelming my child. How can I ensure a balanced approach to vocabulary learning?

It’s essential to strike a balance between structured learning and relaxation. Alongside dedicated vocabulary sessions, ensure there’s time for free reading, games, and other activities. It’s about making learning a part of their daily life without making it feel like a chore.

6. How can I gauge my child’s progress in vocabulary development?

Regular quizzes, discussions, and observing their reading and writing can give insights into their vocabulary growth. If they are using new words in conversations and writings and can understand diverse texts, they are on the right track.

7. Why is it important for my child to learn vocabulary words in context?

Learning vocabulary in context ensures that the word’s meaning is understood more deeply and can be recalled easily. It promotes a more natural use of language and reduces the reliance on rote memorization.

8. Are there any international platforms where I can find additional resources?

Certainly! Websites like Oxford Learning, Cambridge English, and BBC Learning English for Kids offer a plethora of resources and activities tailored for children.

By integrating the information from this article and FAQs into your child’s learning routine, you’re setting them up for success in mastering Primary 2 English vocabulary.


The article discusses the significance of vocabulary development for students at the Primary 2 level. Recognizing vocabulary as a cornerstone for English proficiency, the piece highlights various strategies to improve it, including the use of word games, diverse reading materials, and active discussions. Parents are encouraged to harness contextual learning, visual aids, and repetition to effectively teach vocabulary words.

Preparation entails creating a conducive learning environment and maintaining a consistent routine. If challenges arise, solutions such as professional tutoring and educational apps are recommended. The article underscores that mastering vocabulary during Primary 2 fosters enhanced reading comprehension, writing skills, and confident communication.

Resources from international platforms like Oxford Learning, Cambridge English, and BBC Learning English further support this learning journey. The included FAQ section provides additional insights for parents navigating vocabulary enhancement for Primary 2 English.

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