Top 100 Advanced Vocabulary Words for Secondary 2 English Tutorial: A Comprehensive Guide
Quick Summary for Parents:
- Understanding advanced vocabulary is crucial for secondary 2 English students.
- Techniques for improving vocabulary include frequent reading, vocabulary drills, and online resources.
- Preparation can be enhanced through consistent practice and assessment tests.
- Many factors can influence a student’s vocabulary growth, such as exposure, engagement, and commitment to learning.
- Numerous international resources provide exceptional vocabulary-building tools.
Here are all 100 words along with their definitions and usage examples. Please note that these words are suitable for Secondary 2 students, but students’ vocabulary levels can vary widely:
|1. Abandon||To leave behind completely and finally||They had to abandon their car when the snow became too deep.|
|2. Benefit||An advantage or profit gained from something||The benefit of that exercise routine is improved flexibility.|
|3. Consequence||The result or effect of an action or condition||Neglecting your health can have serious consequences.|
|4. Discriminate||Recognize a distinction; differentiate||The policy discriminates in favor of the elderly.|
|5. Evaluate||Form an idea of the amount, number, or value of; assess||The research will evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment.|
|6. Fundamental||Forming a necessary base or core; of central importance||Respect for others is fundamental to a civil society.|
|7. Gratitude||The quality of being thankful||She expressed her gratitude to the team for their hard work.|
|8. Hierarchy||A system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other||The corporate hierarchy determines who makes the final decisions.|
|9. Ignorance||Lack of knowledge or information||She was astounded by his ignorance of basic history.|
|10. Justify||Show or prove to be right or reasonable||The benefits of the research justify the costs.|
|11. Knowledge||Facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education||She has a broad knowledge of history.|
|12. Logic||Reasoning conducted or assessed according to strict principles of validity||The logic of his argument was undeniable.|
|13. Misinterpret||Interpret (something) wrongly||The data can be easily misinterpreted.|
|14. Navigate||Plan and direct the route or course||She navigated the car through the dense traffic.|
|15. Obstacle||A thing that blocks one’s way or hinders progress||The biggest obstacle to success is fear of failure.|
|16. Paradox||A seemingly absurd or contradictory statement that when investigated may prove to be well-founded||The paradox is that the region’s most dynamic economies have the most primitive financial systems.|
|17. Quantify||Express or measure the quantity of||It’s difficult to quantify the impact of the campaign.|
|18. Repertoire||A stock of skills or types of behavior that a person habitually uses||He had an impressive repertoire of culinary skills.|
|19. Strategy||A plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall aim||They are discussing marketing strategies for the new product.|
|20. Transition||The process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another||The transition from high school to college can be challenging.|
|21. Underestimate||Estimate (something) to be smaller or less important than it actually is||Never underestimate the power of a good education.|
|22. Variable||Not consistent or having a fixed pattern; liable to change||The quality of hospital food is highly variable.|
|23. Wisdom||The quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment||He was known for his wisdom and courage.|
|24. Xenophobia||Dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries||Society must fight against xenophobia and discrimination.|
|25. Yield||Produce or provide||The vineyard yields a bountiful harvest each year.|
|26. Zeal||Great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective||She brought her typical zeal to the committee’s work.|
|27. Anomaly||Something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected||There are a number of anomalies in the present system.|
|28. Bliss||Perfect happiness; great joy||The birth of their first child was a time of pure bliss.|
|29. Concise||Giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words; brief but comprehensive||She gave a concise summary of the events.|
|30. Dilemma||A situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives||He was facing the dilemma of obeying his orders or keeping his promises.|
|31. Eloquent||Fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing||Her speech was eloquent and passionate.|
|32. Facilitate||Make (an action or process) easy or easier||The new ramp will facilitate the entry of wheelchairs.|
|33. Gregarious||Fond of company; sociable||He was a popular and gregarious man.|
|34. Haphazard||Lacking any obvious principle of organization||The books were arranged in a haphazard fashion.|
|35. Inevitable||Certain to happen; unavoidable||The defeat had inevitable consequences for policy.|
|36. Jeopardy||Danger of loss, harm, or failure||The economic crisis has put jobs in jeopardy.|
|37. Kinetic||Relating to or resulting from motion||The kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.|
|38. Lucid||Expressed clearly; easy to understand||He gave a lucid explanation of the complex process.|
|39. Momentum||The impetus gained by a moving object||The team has gained momentum in the last games.|
|40. Negligible||So small or unimportant as to be not worth considering||The price difference was negligible.|
|41. Oblivious||Not aware of or not concerned about what is happening around one||She was oblivious to the people staring at her.|
|42. Prudent||Acting with or showing care and thought for the future||It would be prudent to save some money each month.|
|43. Quaint||Attractively unusual or old-fashioned||The village had quaint houses and beautiful gardens.|
|44. Resilient||Able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions||She showed a resilient spirit after the accident.|
|45. Sceptical||Not easily convinced; having doubts or reservations||The public were deeply sceptical about some of the proposals.|
|46. Tedious||Too long, slow, or dull: tiresome or monotonous||The work can be tedious and physically demanding.|
|47. Unanimous||Fully in agreement||The jury returned a unanimous verdict of guilty.|
|48. Versatile||Able to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities||He’s a versatile actor who has played a wide variety of roles.|
|49. Wary||Feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems||Dogs that have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers.|
|50. Zealous||Having or showing zeal||The council was extremely zealous in the application of the regulations.|
|51. Abhor||Regard with disgust and hatred||She abhors all forms of discrimination.|
|52. Bigot||A person who is intolerant towards those holding different opinions||Don’t let a few small-minded bigots destroy the good image of the city.|
|53. Counterfeit||Made in exact imitation of something valuable with the intention to deceive or defraud||The concert tickets were counterfeit and we couldn’t get in.|
|54. Enfranchise||Give the right to vote to||The 19th Amendment enfranchised women in the United States.|
|55. Hamper||Hinder or impede the movement or progress of||High winds hampered the firefighting efforts.|
|56. Kindle||Light or set on fire||They managed to kindle a fire to keep warm.|
|57. Noxious||Harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant||The dump released a noxious odor that offended residents.|
|58. Placid||Not easily upset or excited||The lake was placid with no ripples disturbing its surface.|
|59. Remuneration||Money paid for work or a service||Fair remuneration for the work is a basic right.|
|60. Talisman||An object that is thought to have magic powers and to bring good luck||He carried a small bag of rice as a talisman for good fortune.|
|61. Abrasive||(of a substance or material) capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding||The abrasive cleaner quickly removed the stains.|
|62. Bilk||Obtain or withhold money from (someone) by deceit or without justification; cheat or defraud||The salesman bilked me out of my savings.|
|63. Covert||Not openly acknowledged or displayed||The team undertook covert surveillance to catch the thief.|
|64. Engender||Cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition)||The policy engendered a lot of controversy.|
|65. Hangar||A large building with extensive floor area, typically for housing aircraft||The private jet was stored in a hangar at the airport.|
|66. Knotty||Extremely difficult or complex||The committee had to deal with the knotty problem of homelessness.|
|67. Nuance||A subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound||The nuances of the poem were thoughtful and complex.|
|68. Plagiarism||The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own||She was found guilty of plagiarism in her university thesis.|
|69. Renown||The condition of being known or talked about by many people; fame||He achieved renown for his discoveries in physics.|
|70. Tangent||A completely different line of thought or action||She went off on a tangent about her vacation plans.|
|71. Abrogate||Repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement)||The treaty was abrogated unilaterally.|
|72. Blasphemy||The act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things||His speech was considered blasphemy by the devout believers.|
|73. Credible||Able to be believed; convincing||There were no credible sightings of the missing child.|
|74. Enigma||A person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand||The meaning of the ancient text remained an enigma.|
|75. Harbingers||A person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another||Warm weather is the harbinger of spring.|
|76. Labyrinth||A complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one’s way||The mouse had to find its way through a labyrinth to get the cheese.|
|77. Nuzzle||Push or rub gently against (someone or something), typically with the nose and mouth||The dog nuzzled against his owner’s leg.|
|78. Plaudit||Praise||The novel received the plaudits of the critics.|
|79. Reprehensible||Deserving censure or condemnation||His reprehensible conduct resulted in a court case.|
|80. Tardy||Delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time; late||She was tardy to the meeting.|
|81. Absolution||Formal release from guilt, obligation, or punishment||He sought absolution from his priest for his sins.|
|82. Blatant||(of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly||The theft was a blatant disregard for the law.|
|83. Credulous||Having or showing too great a readiness to believe things||She’s so credulous she’ll believe anything.|
|84. Ensconce||Establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place||She ensconced herself in the chair with a good book.|
|85. Hasten||Be quick to do something||They hastened to finish the project on time.|
|86. Laceration||A deep cut or tear in skin or flesh||He had lacerations on his hands from the broken glass.|
|87. Obdurate||Stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or course of action||He was obdurate in his refusal to agree.|
|88. Plausible||(of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable||It seems plausible that the drug could help.|
|89. Reprieve||Cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death)||He was reprieved at the last minute.|
|90. Tawdry||Showy but cheap and of poor quality||The shop sells tawdry jewelry.|
|91. Abstain||Restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something||He abstained from alcohol.|
|92. Blighted||Have a severely detrimental effect on||The crops were blighted by the disease.|
|93. Credulity||A tendency to be too ready to believe that something is real or true||His tale of alien abduction tested our credulity.|
|94. Enshroud||Envelop completely and hide from view||The mountains were enshrouded in fog.|
|95. Haughtiness||The appearance or quality of being arrogantly superior and disdainful||His haughtiness made him very unpopular.|
|96. Lachrymose||Tearful or given to weeping||The movie was a lachrymose melodrama.|
|97. Obfuscate||Render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible||The meaning of the text was obfuscated by its complex language.|
|98. Plethora||A large or excessive amount of something||There was a plethora of choices on the menu.|
|99. Repudiate||Refuse to accept or be associated with||She repudiated the allegations of misconduct.|
|100. Tedium||The state of being tedious||The tedium of the work was unbearable.|
These words offer a challenge for Secondary 2 students and provide an opportunity to expand their English vocabulary significantly. It’s essential to practice using these words in context to fully grasp their meaning and proper usage.
Why Is Advanced Vocabulary Essential?
In Secondary 2, students start to delve deeper into the intricacies of the English language. Advanced vocabulary becomes a powerful tool for articulating complex thoughts and ideas. With a rich and diverse vocabulary, students can excel in their academic and personal lives, improving their communication skills and broadening their comprehension capabilities. But, what drives the necessity of advanced vocabulary?
- Enhanced Understanding: A robust vocabulary aids in understanding complex texts and discussions.
- Improved Communication: It enhances the ability to express thoughts, ideas, and feelings accurately.
- Academic Success: A strong vocabulary is crucial for better performance in examinations.
- Career Advancement: Many professions require good command of language and vocabulary.
How to Improve Advanced Vocabulary?
Reading is arguably the most effective method to expand a student’s vocabulary. Books, newspapers, magazines, or digital content – all are rich sources of new words. Encourage students to explore diverse genres and themes, and to look up any unfamiliar words.
While spontaneous learning is important, structured vocabulary drills can cement the knowledge. Consider using flashcards, vocabulary notebooks, or online vocabulary games for this purpose. Encourage students to use newly learned words in sentences and daily conversations.
Utilize Online Resources
In the digital age, learning has become more accessible than ever. There are numerous websites and apps dedicated to improving vocabulary skills. Some of the internationally acclaimed resources include:
- Vocabulary.com: This interactive website offers an adaptive learning system, creating personalized learning experiences based on a student’s progress.
- Memrise: Memrise utilizes spaced repetition and mnemonic techniques to help learners memorize new words.
- Quizlet: A user-friendly platform providing various learning modes, such as flashcards, quizzes, and games.
How to Prepare for Advanced Vocabulary Learning?
One of the best ways to prepare for learning advanced vocabulary is by practicing consistently. This means not only studying new words but also repeatedly using them in written and spoken language. Consistent practice helps to internalize new vocabulary and aids in their appropriate usage.
Conduct regular assessment tests to gauge the students’ progress. These tests can be in the form of quizzes, sentence formation tasks, or word application exercises. Feedback from these assessments will help students identify their weak areas and focus on improvement.
What Influences Vocabulary Growth?
Exposure to Language
The more a student is exposed to language, the more their vocabulary grows. This exposure can come from various sources such as reading, listening to conversations, watching movies, or even through social interactions.
Engagement with Learning
Students who are actively engaged in learning are likely to develop their vocabulary more efficiently. This engagement could mean a proactive approach to reading, interactive participation in language games, or a willingness to explore new words and their uses.
Commitment to Learning
The desire and commitment to learn is another crucial factor influencing vocabulary growth. Students who show persistence and consistency in learning, despite challenges, are more likely to achieve their language learning goals. Improving advanced vocabulary for secondary 2 English is a journey that demands time, effort, and the right resources. But with the right approach and guidance, students can significantly enhance their language skills, paving the way for their academic success and beyond. Remember, every new word learned is a step towards a more enriched and expressive linguistic repertoire.
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