What vocabulary words to teach for Primary 1 English?

Preparing Primary 1 students for English involves laying the foundation for a broad and comprehensive vocabulary that will develop and expand over time. The selection of vocabulary words is crucial and should be aligned with the students’ linguistic development, cognitive abilities, and the primary school curriculum.

At this stage, the aim is to introduce basic words and phrases that are used in everyday life, forming the backbone of the English language. This includes nouns, verbs, adjectives, prepositions, and common phrases that students can understand and apply in a variety of contexts. It is essential to provide definitions, explanations, and examples in a straightforward manner, along with visual aids, if possible, to make the learning experience more engaging and interactive. Also, teaching in context rather than in isolation helps students remember the words better and understand their applications.

While teaching these words, educators should focus on creating a fun and engaging environment that will motivate students to learn. This can be achieved by incorporating various teaching strategies like games, story-telling, role-play, and multimedia resources. Furthermore, providing opportunities for students to use the new words in sentences or short stories can enhance their understanding and retention.

Repeated exposure and practice are also crucial for vocabulary acquisition. Therefore, the words learned should be repeatedly used in classroom conversations, reading activities, and homework assignments to reinforce their meaning and usage.

Here are 10 examples of vocabulary words suitable for Primary 1 students, along with their meanings:

ChairA seat for one person, with a back, and usually four legs
RunTo move quickly by stepping one foot in front of the other
HappyFeeling or showing pleasure
InInside a container, place, or area, or enclosed or surrounded by something
CatA small domesticated carnivorous mammal with soft fur, a short snout, and retractable claws
JumpTo push oneself off a surface and into the air by using the muscles in one’s legs and feet
GreenOf the color between blue and yellow in the spectrum
UnderIn or to a position below or lower than something else, often a surface or a horizontal plane
DogA domesticated carnivorous mammal that typically has a long snout, an acute sense of smell, non-retractile claws, and a barking, howling, or whining voice
WriteTo form letters or numbers on a surface with a pen, pencil, or similar implement

These words are just a starting point, and the vocabulary list should be expanded gradually, taking into account the student’s progress and interests, as well as the relevance of the words to the themes and topics being covered in the curriculum.

More vocabulary words to learn here.