How can my child ensure problem resolution in their PSLE English Composition story?

Ensuring Problem Resolution in PSLE English Composition Story

Creating a compelling story for your PSLE English Composition requires more than just good grammar and vocabulary. It involves understanding the fundamental structure of storytelling, which includes the setup, conflict, and most importantly, the resolution. In this context, ‘problem resolution’ refers to the point in the story where the main character overcomes their challenges or learns a valuable lesson. This article provides tips to help your child ensure effective problem resolution in their PSLE English Composition story.

Understanding Story Structure

The basic story structure includes the introduction, conflict, climax, and resolution. The introduction sets the scene and introduces the characters. The conflict involves the main problem or challenge the characters face. The climax is the highest point of tension, and the resolution is where the problem is solved.

Element of Story StructureDescriptionExample
IntroductionThis is where the story’s setting, characters, and initial situation are introduced.The protagonist lives in a small seaside town and finds a mysterious map.
ConflictThis is where the main problem or challenge that the characters must face is introduced.The map leads to a lost treasure, but the path is fraught with danger.
Rising ActionThis is where the tension and stakes start to increase as the characters try to solve the problem.The protagonist and their friends face various obstacles on their treasure hunt.
ClimaxThis is the point of highest tension in the story, where the characters face the main conflict.The protagonists confront a band of pirates to claim the treasure.
Falling ActionThis is where the story starts to wind down, with the characters dealing with the aftermath of the climax.The protagonists escape from the pirates and find their way home.
ResolutionThis is where the problem is finally solved, and the story ends.The protagonists use the treasure to save their family home, and they learn the value of bravery and friendship.
Epilogue (optional)This part of the story often ties up loose ends and gives a glimpse into the characters’ futures.The protagonists are seen years later, reminiscing about their adventure and how it changed their lives.

Clear Definition of the Problem

The problem your child chooses for their story will directly affect the resolution. The problem should be clear and compelling, something the reader can empathize with.

Element of the ProblemDescriptionExample
ClarityThe problem in the story should be clearly stated and easily understandable.A main character who has lost a precious item.
CompellingThe problem should be interesting and hold the reader’s attention.The protagonist has to solve a mystery that has puzzled their town for decades.
RelatabilityThe problem should be something that the reader can empathize with or relate to.A young student facing the challenge of a difficult exam.
ConflictThe problem often involves some type of conflict, either internal (within the character) or external (with other characters or circumstances).The main character struggles with self-doubt (internal conflict) or a competitive friend (external conflict).
ConsequencesThere should be clear consequences if the problem is not resolved, increasing the stakes and tension.If the protagonist doesn’t find the lost treasure, their family home will be sold.
ChallengeThe problem should present a challenge to the main character, pushing them out of their comfort zone and driving their development.The main character, usually timid, must stand up to a bully.
RelevanceThe problem should be relevant to the main character’s life, playing a significant role in their journey.A main character who dreams of becoming a chef but struggles to get a spot in a prestigious culinary school.

Development of Characters

The characters in your child’s story, particularly the protagonist, should be well developed. The audience should understand their motivations, emotions, and why they want to solve the problem.

Element of Character DevelopmentDescriptionExample
MotivationsUnderstanding what drives a character’s actions makes them more believable and relatable.The protagonist wants to find the lost treasure to save their family home.
EmotionsCharacters should exhibit a range of emotions, adding depth to their personality.The main character experiences fear, determination, and joy throughout their journey.
GrowthCharacters, particularly the protagonist, should grow or change in some way by the end of the story.The timid character gains confidence after standing up to the bully.
BackstoryProviding some background information about the characters can help readers understand them better.The protagonist’s fear of water is explained by a past swimming accident.
RelationshipsThe interactions between characters can help to develop their personalities and drive the plot.The protagonist’s relationship with their competitive friend adds an additional layer of conflict to the story.
DesiresA character’s desires can provide insight into their personality and motivations.The protagonist’s desire to become a chef demonstrates their love for creativity and their determination to succeed.
ReactionsThe way a character reacts to different situations can reveal a lot about their personality.The main character’s calm reaction to stressful situations shows their level-headedness.

A Logical and Satisfying Resolution

The resolution must align logically with the problem and character development. It should be satisfying, showing the character has learned or grown from their experience.

Element of the ResolutionDescriptionExample
Alignment with the ProblemThe resolution must logically follow the conflict and make sense within the context of the story.If the problem is a lost treasure, the resolution could be the characters finding the treasure or learning to live without it.
Character DevelopmentThe resolution should reflect the character’s growth throughout the story.If the character has been portrayed as timid initially, the resolution could involve them taking a bold step to solve the problem, demonstrating their growth.
Satisfying ConclusionThe resolution should wrap up the story in a satisfying way, giving a sense of closure.If the character’s struggle has been the story’s central focus, the resolution might involve them achieving their goal or realizing they had the strength within them all along.
Lessons LearnedThe character should have learned or grown from their experience in the resolution.If the character struggled with trust issues, the resolution could see them learning to trust others to solve their problem.
ConsistencyThe resolution should be consistent with the overall tone and message of the story.If the story has a light-hearted tone, a resolution with a similarly positive vibe would be appropriate.
RelatabilityThe resolution should be something that the reader can empathize with or understand, giving them a sense of satisfaction.If the story is about friendship, a resolution that highlights the value of friends working together would be relatable for most readers.

Transition from Climax to Resolution

The transition from the climax to the resolution should be smooth, showing a clear progression from the problem’s height to its solution.

Element of the TransitionDescriptionExample
ClimaxThis is the point of highest tension or conflict in the story.The protagonist confronts the antagonist, or the main character faces a significant obstacle.
Falling ActionThis is the part of the story immediately following the climax, where the tension starts to decrease.The protagonist begins to take action to resolve the conflict or finds a potential solution.
Pre-ResolutionThis is the lead-up to the resolution where the pieces of the solution start to fall into place.The main character’s actions start having a positive effect, and it becomes clear that the conflict is nearing its end.
ResolutionThis is where the conflict or problem is finally resolved.The protagonist solves the problem, resolves the conflict, or achieves their goal.
Connection between Climax and ResolutionThe climax, falling action, pre-resolution, and resolution should be connected logically and smoothly.If the climax involves a character making a difficult decision, the falling action might be them dealing with the consequences, the pre-resolution could show them learning from the experience, and the resolution might involve them finding a solution based on their learning.
Consistency in ToneThe tone should remain consistent from the climax through to the resolution.If the story is tense or suspenseful at the climax, it should gradually transition into a more calm and resolved tone by the end.
Progression of EventsThe events between the climax and resolution should progress logically, with each event leading naturally to the next.If the climax is a major battle, the falling action could be the aftermath of the battle, the pre-resolution might involve devising a peace treaty, and the resolution could be the implementation of this treaty.

Use of Story Themes and Morals

Including a theme or moral in the resolution can provide a satisfying conclusion. It shows the reader what the character has learned from their journey.

Story ThemesDescriptionExample
FriendshipThis theme emphasizes the importance of relationships and mutual understandingThe main character realizes that they could not have solved their problem without the help of their friends.
CourageThis theme involves overcoming fear and facing challenges bravelyThe protagonist confronts their biggest fear to resolve the story’s conflict, learning that they’re stronger than they thought.
HonestyThis theme underscores the value of truthfulness and integrityThe protagonist admits their mistake, solves the problem through their honesty, and learns the importance of always telling the truth.
PerseveranceThis theme encourages continuous effort despite difficultiesDespite numerous setbacks, the main character doesn’t give up, eventually solving the problem and learning the value of perseverance.
ResponsibilityThis theme focuses on accountability for one’s actionsThe protagonist understands they’ve caused the problem, takes action to correct it, and learns the significance of taking responsibility for their actions.
Story MoralsDescriptionExample
Never Judge a Book by its CoverThis moral advises not to form an opinion about something or someone based on superficial appearanceThe protagonist initially dismisses a seemingly ordinary object or person, but later realizes its importance in resolving the conflict.
Actions Speak Louder Than WordsThis moral emphasizes that what you do is more significant than what you sayThe protagonist solves the problem through their actions rather than promises, reinforcing that actions hold more weight than words.
Honesty is the Best PolicyThis moral underscores the value of truthfulnessThe protagonist resolves the conflict by confessing a mistake or a lie, showing that honesty leads to positive outcomes.
Perseverance Pays OffThis moral encourages continuous effort in the face of difficultiesDespite facing a difficult problem, the protagonist doesn’t give up, eventually achieving success and demonstrating that perseverance leads to rewards.
Take Responsibility for Your ActionsThis moral emphasizes accountability for one’s actionsThe protagonist realizes they’ve caused the problem, takes necessary actions to correct it, and learns the importance of being accountable for their actions.

Proofreading and Editing

It’s crucial that your child proofreads and edits their work, ensuring the resolution effectively wraps up the story.

Here are some practical steps your child can follow to ensure an effective resolution:

Step 1: Define a Clear Problem

Ensure that the story’s conflict is compelling and relatable. The audience should immediately understand what the protagonist is up against.

Step 2: Develop Characters

Create multi-dimensional characters. For the protagonist, show why solving the problem matters to them.

Step 3: Plan the Resolution

Before starting to write, have a clear idea of how the problem will be resolved. This will guide the story’s progression.

Step 4: Write a Compelling Climax

The climax is the moment of highest tension. It should draw the reader in and build anticipation for the resolution.

Step 5: Transition to the Resolution

Guide the reader from the climax to the resolution smoothly. Show how the protagonist begins to overcome the problem.

Step 6: Craft a Satisfying Resolution

The resolution should show the problem being solved in a satisfying way. The protagonist should demonstrate growth or learning.

Step 7: Incorporate a Moral or Theme

Link the resolution to a broader theme or moral. This adds depth to the story and ties it together.

Step 8: Review and Revise

Go over the story, paying special attention to the resolution. Check if it aligns with the problem and if the protagonist’s actions make sense.


Effective problem resolution is crucial for a compelling PSLE English Composition story. It requires a clear problem, well-developed characters, a logical progression, and a satisfying conclusion. By following these tips, your child can craft stories that not only meet exam requirements but also engage readers and leave a lasting impression.