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Cells Pri 5 Science Online Free Guide Singapore

Inclusive tuition for the top ten percentile of PSLE Science students. P5 Topic Cells for PSLE 2014 Science syllabus, Primary 5 Science Topic Cells. This guide is specific to Singapore MOE SEAB PSLE Science 2014 Syllabus.

Call us for small group tuition. Edukate Tuition +65 88231234.

Cells

A cell is a basic unit of life. It is the basic building blocks that makes all living things. Cells come from other cells, splitting into identical cells in a process called Mitosis. These daughter cells have identical replicates of chromosomes.

Another process called Meiosis is a special process of producing cells for reproduction like sperm cells and egg cells that have half the normal chromosomes.

Cells are the functional and structural units of living organisms that are needed for growth, reproduction and sustaining life. Cells can exist as single-cellular organisms (prokaryotic cells) to a myriad of multi-cellular organisms (eukaryotic cells)

Cells are small compartments that hold all the biological materials needed to carry out the function of life. It has specialised structures called organelles with distinct functions that help the cell to operate. Different combinations of organelles will create a cell with a different function to the organism. If a cell’s compartment breaks or an organelle is missing or fails, the cell will then die.

Summary so far

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Plant cells and Animal cells.

There are two types of cells, plant cells and animals cells. Plant cells have a cell wall that protects the cell from injury. It also has organelles called chloroplast that conduct photosynthesis.

Main Parts of a plant cell:

  1. Cell wall
  2. Cell membrane
  3. Chloroplast
  4. Cytoplasm
  5. Nucleus
  6. Vacuole

Main Parts of an animal cell:

  1. Cell membrane
  2. Cytoplasm
  3. Nucleus
  4. Vacuole

Plant Cells

Chloroplast: A special organelle

Found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that conducts photosynthesis. It uses the pigment chlorophyll that absorbs sunlight energy with presence of water and carbon dioxide to produce energy storage molecules ATP and NADPH whilst freeing oxygen from water.

Cell Wall

Cell walls are only found in plant cells and surrounds a cell membrane, Made of cellulose, it protects the plant cell, filtering nutrients and maintains the shape of the plant to support plant parts. (the equivalent of the skeletal structure in animals) It also provides elasticity to plants, helping plants to bend in the wind or move its leaves in the direction of sunlight.

Cell walls can be tough, flexible and rigid. It helps prevent over pressure of plant cells, keeping the cell from over expansion. Up to three cell walls can be found in plant cells.

Cells walls have small holes called plasmodesmata in it that allows waste and nutrients to pass. It is also the reason during a drought, where water can be lost to the surrounding, the cell loses its turgidity and leaves the plant limp. However, the cell wall will still maintain its basic shape and will be filled back to its original shape when there is presence of water.

  1. found only in plants
  2. made of cellulose
  3. protects the plant cell
  4. support and maintains the shape of plants

Cell Membrane

Cell membrane separates the interior of a cell from its surrounding. Like our skin, it acts as a barrier to the environment and protects the cell. It also controls the movement substances into and out of the cell. (for example oxygen, carbon dioxide and steroids) It is composed of lipids and proteins

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are the organelles of a cell that take in nutrients, break it down and produce energy for the cell in a process known as cellular respiration. As the powerhouses of the cell, chemical reactions within the cell produces the energy in a two membrane organelle, as compared to others with only one membrane.

The outer membranes protects and covers the inner membrane. The inner membrane is shaped perfectly in folds to increase surface area that increases the rate of chemical reactions. The fluid inside is called the matrix.

Vacuole

A vacuole is a membrane bound organelle that is present in all plant cells and some animal cells. It is larger in plant cells than animal cells. Vacuoles contain water, nutrients and waste products. (Organic, inorganic molecules including enzymes)

Vacuoles have no basic shape or size, with its variance in accordance to the requirements of the cell. Like cell walls, vacuoles also provides support and maintains the cell structure for the plant cell.

  1. contains water
  2. contains waste product
  3. exports waste product out of the cell
  4. filters out harmful materials
  5. maintains turgidity in plants
  6. can increase size to quickly grow a plant

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm is all of the material inside a cell minus the cell nucleus. The main component is a gel like substance cytosol which is made of 80% watering usually colorless, with organelles making up the rest of cytoplasm.

Nucleus

The nucleus of a cell is the control centre and acts as the manager of the cell. It  contains information and gives instructions to other organelles to function within the cell. It also stores hereditary genetic information, DNA, that allows cell division and reproduce. Only advanced eukaryote cells have a nucleus. It usually occupies 10% of the space within a cell.

Special Cells for Plants

Root Hair Cell

Root Hair Cells are specialised cells with no chloroplast as there is no light in the ground. It has a structure for absorbing more water and minerals from the soil with long projections, hence an increase in surface area to help in absorption.

Guard Cell

Guard cells are found on the epidermis of the leaves, stems and parts of a plant that requires gaseous exchange. Usually found as a pair, guard cells form a stomatal pore, with the ability to open and close to regulate gaseous exchange. The opening and closing of the stomata are controlled by water concentration moving into the cell.

When water moves into the guard cell, it swells up and the stomata opens to allow gaseous exchange since plants respire throughout the day. The gap needed for photosynthesis is bigger in the day to allow more carbon dioxide in and oxygen out, while at night, with no need for photosynthesis, the gap will be small but allow enough oxygen in for respiration.

However, a wide open stoma will also allow water vapour to escape from the plant and requires transpiration from the roots to replenish the plant. If water availability is critically low, for example, during a drought, water will start leaving the guard cells and close the stoma opening, stopping further water losses. This helps protect the plant from dehydration.

Differences of plant cells and animal cells

Plant cells and animal cells are both eukaryotic so both contain the nucleus and have membrane bound organelles. However, there are differences as they require different organelles to perform different functions.

  1. Plant cells have large vacuole, animal cells have small vacuoles.
  2. Plant cells have few vacuoles, animal cells can have numerous vacuoles.
  3. Plant cells have cell walls, animal cells do not.
  4. Plant cells contain chloroplast for photosynthesis, animal cells do not.
  5. Due to a lack of cell wall, animal cells can come in a lot of different shapes and sizes leading to different functions.

Cell division

Cells divide and replicate itself. This allows living things to grow, reproduce heal and replace worn-out/dead cells. The two types of cell divine are mitosis and meiosis.

Animal cells can arrange itself to perform specialised functions. It can replicate and the nucleus contains DNA information to organise itself to make organs like kidney or the heart.

How is a human cell made?

Human Blood

Blood contains four main components:

  1. red blood cell
  2. white blood cell
  3. plasma
  4. platelets

It carries out many functions including

  • transporting oxygen and nutrients/energy throughout the body
  • removing carbon dioxide from body tissues
  • forming blood clots to stop bleeding
  • carrying cells and antibodies to fight infection and heal
  • transport and remove waste material to be filtered out by kidneys and liver.
  • regulating body temperature

Blood cells are formed from stem cells in the bone marrow.

Red Blood Cells

Red in color when it is oxygen rich, accounts for 40-45 percent of blood volume, shaped biconcave to increase surface area to aid in gaseous exchange. It has no nucleus and allows the cell to be flexible and easily change shape to reach every corner of the body. However, that limits the lifespan of red blood cells to approximately 120 days. 2 million red bloods are produced every second.

It carries a protein hemoglobin that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body and exchange for carbon dioxide back to the lungs to be disposed.

White Blood Cells

White blood cells are the army of the body, protecting the body from infection by overcoming bacteria and viruses. Much smaller in concentration than red blood cells, with 1% of blood volume, white blood cells consists of neutrophils, T. lymphocyte and B. lymphocyte.

Single Cell Organisms

Extra Information

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Primary 4 Science Revision Online Free Guide Singapore Magnet (Part 2)

 

Inclusive tuition for the top ten percentile of PSLE Science students. Magnets for PSLE 2014 Science syllabus, Primary 4 Science Topic Magnets.

Call us for small group tuition. Edukate Tuition +65 88231234.

Note: This is a continuation lesson from here

https://edukatesingapore.com/2020/07/10/magnets-and-magnetism-pri-4-science-online-free-guide-singapore-part-1/

Magnets

Magnets have poles. They are North Pole and South Pole.

  1. Like poles repel.
  2. Unlike poles attract.
  3. Both poles attract all magnetic materials.

We can identify the poles by:

  1. using a compass
  2. using an electromagnet
  3. using free alignment to earth magnetic poles

What happens when you break a magnet?

It will repeat its poles in the same order as the original magnet.

How to store magnets?

Magnets need to be stored safely or it will lose its magnetism over time. We can do so by arranging the magnets in an order to preserve its magnetic field.

Experiments with ring magnets.

This video is a favourable magnetic experiment that shows repulsion between like poles. Also note that gravity caused the gaps to reduce as more magnets was loaded into the experiment.

Electromagnets is a kind of magnet that uses electricity to create a magnetic field using a wire coil. It can be strengthen by using an iron rod within the coil, having more coils and/or using a stronger electric current.

Some uses of electromagnets:

Compass

Electric Bells

Excavator Magnets

Electric Motors

Maglev Trains

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

Washing Machine

Magnets can produce electricity.

Machines that uses magnets to produce electricity are called generators.

More information on Magnets can be found here Magnets and Magnetism Pri 4 Science Online Free Guide Singapore.

Additional Information:

Watch these videos for more on Magnets:

Yishun English Math Science Tutor Tuition Centre Primary Secondary Pri Sec 1 2 3 4 5 6 Small Group MOE Syllabus SEAB Syllabus IGCSE GCE O level Top qualified tutors Northpoint City
Yishun Tutor Yuet Ling in London UK. Street Graffiti Art

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Yuet Ling in Sydney, Australia. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day.

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One for tea, alfresco dining and its a good life.

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Tutor Yuet Ling when in Cambridge University, UK

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Magnets and Magnetism Pri 4 Science Online Free Guide Singapore (Part 2)

 

Inclusive tuition for the top ten percentile of PSLE Science students. Magnets for PSLE 2014 Science syllabus, Primary 4 Science Topic Magnets.

Call us for small group tuition. Edukate Tuition +65 88231234.

Note: This is a continuation lesson from here

https://edukatesingapore.com/2020/07/10/magnets-and-magnetism-pri-4-science-online-free-guide-singapore-part-1/

Magnets

Magnets have poles. They are North Pole and South Pole.

  1. Like poles repel.
  2. Unlike poles attract.
  3. Both poles attract all magnetic materials.

We can identify the poles by:

  1. using a compass
  2. using an electromagnet
  3. using free alignment to earth magnetic poles

What happens when you break a magnet?

It will repeat its poles in the same order as the original magnet.

How to store magnets?

Magnets need to be stored safely or it will lose its magnetism over time. We can do so by arranging the magnets in an order to preserve its magnetic field.

Experiments with ring magnets.

This video is a favourable magnetic experiment that shows repulsion between like poles. Also note that gravity caused the gaps to reduce as more magnets was loaded into the experiment.

Electromagnets is a kind of magnet that uses electricity to create a magnetic field using a wire coil. It can be strengthen by using an iron rod within the coil, having more coils and/or using a stronger electric current.

Some uses of electromagnets:

Compass

Electric Bells

Excavator Magnets

Electric Motors

Maglev Trains

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

Washing Machine

Magnets can produce electricity.

Machines that uses magnets to produce electricity are called generators.

More information on Magnets can be found here Magnets and Magnetism Pri 4 Science Online Free Guide Singapore.

Additional Information:

Watch these videos for more on Magnets:

Yishun English Math Science Tutor Tuition Centre Primary Secondary Pri Sec 1 2 3 4 5 6 Small Group MOE Syllabus SEAB Syllabus IGCSE GCE O level Top qualified tutors Northpoint City
Yishun Tutor Yuet Ling in London UK. Street Graffiti Art

tuition Singapore English Math Science Punggol Primary Secondary Tutor Creative Writing
Yuet Ling in Sydney, Australia. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day.

edukatesg2017-london-13359#singaporetuitioncentre #sgtutor #sg #edukatesg #followedukate #bestsingaporetuitioncentre Singapore Punggol Tuition Centre English Math Science Tutor Small Group Pri Sec Primary Secondary Add Math E Math Physics Science Classes Enrichment program Good Tuition Centre edukatesg2017-applestore-11776 edukatesg2017-applestore-11785 edukatesg2017-london-13434eduKate Tuition Centre (Singapore) English Maths Science Tutors for Small Groups PSLE GCE O levels, IGCSE IP IB International Schools ProgrammeeduKate Yishun Tuition Centre for Primary Mathematics. Prii 1 2 3 4 5 6 PSLE Maths Tuition Small Group Tutor #singaporetuitioncentre #sgtutor #sg #edukatesg #followedukate #bestsingaporetuitioncentre Singapore Punggol Tuition Centre English Math Science Tutor Small Group Pri Sec Primary Secondary Add Math E Math Physics Science Classes Enrichment program Good Tuition Centrecropped-1edukate_english_tuition.jpg#singaporetuitioncentre #sgtutor #sg #edukatesg #followedukate #bestsingaporetuitioncentre Singapore Punggol Tuition Centre English Math Science Tutor Small Group Pri Sec Primary Secondary Add Math E Math Physics Science Classes Enrichment program Good Tuition Centreimg_7762#singaporetuitioncentre #sgtutor #sg #edukatesg #followedukate #bestsingaporetuitioncentre Singapore Punggol Tuition Centre English Math Science Tutor Small Group Pri Sec Primary Secondary Add Math E Math Physics Science Classes Enrichment program Good Tuition Centre

visit Singapore travel Singapore spaghetti things to eat in Singapore, gastronomia Bukit Timah da paolo Botanic Gardens SMRT things to do in Singapore Bukit Timah food cafe bistro coffee follow Edukate Singapore learn new things about Singapore lifetstyle al fresco cafe coffee joints places to hang out bowl of pasta Italian food spaghetti mrt lifestyle alfresco Italian cafe tourism tour Singapore hotspots awesome places
One for tea, alfresco dining and its a good life.

Cambridge eduKate Yishun tutor small group eduKate Yishun Tuition Centre for Primary Mathematics. Prii 1 2 3 4 5 6 PSLE Maths Tuition Small Group Tutor #singaporetuitioncentre #sgtutor #sg #edukatesg #followedukate #bestsingaporetuitioncentre Singapore Punggol Tuition Centre English Math Science Tutor Small Group Pri Sec Primary Secondary Add Math E Math Physics Science Classes Enrichment program Good Tuition Centre English tuition king's college
Tutor Yuet Ling when in Cambridge University, UK

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What is reading comprehension?

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here Vocabulary List Idioms Pri 6 SA2 2019 Henry Park Comprehension)

This following passage is from 2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

My greatest ambition was to be a comics artist. My classmates often walked past me, glanced over my shoulders and asked, “Can you make a living out of it?”

I was the only person in my class who wanted to be a comics artist. The rest wanted to be astronomers, business tycoons, mathematicians or doctors. They had their heads in the clouds.

It was not until Friday night when I completed my first full-length, original six-page comic strip. I did not have any idea what to do with it though. Just doing it made me happy. However, I still read and checked through it sixty times over the weekend before finally pronouncing it ‘Not too bad’.

That would have been the end of it, except I happened to mention to Micheal Lazarus, the only classmate who was interested in my ambition that I had drawn a comic strip. He told me that there was a magazine, Boy Magazine, in Sydney I could send it to. So, when I got home, I rolled my comics up in brown paper, addressed it and put it in my schoolbag where I would not forget to mail it. Lazarus had embedded the idea in my mind.

I hardly slept all night. What kept me awake was the magazine I was sending my comic to, Boy Magazine. I had never liked it because it had the sneaky policy of printing stories, with only one illustration at the top of the page to trick readers into buying the magazine. Did I want my comics to appear in a magazine which printed mainly stories? An awful prospect!

At 2 a.m., I decided no and at 3 a.m., it was a yes. At 4 a.m., it was no again but just before falling asleep, I saw Lazarus’ face and he said, ‘Publish it!’ That decided it.

My father was quite the scoffer and would walk past my room every evening and look in to say, “Morris? They sent you the money yet?” When the letter did arrive from Boy Magazine, did he change his tune? Not one bit. “I don’t see a cheque,” he said. “Show me the letter.”

It read, “ We are very interested in your comic strip and would like you to call Miss Gordon to make an appointment to see the editor.”

An appointment? If they wanted it, there’d be a cheque,” he mocked.

I called Miss Gordon from a public phone and not from home. I did not want my father around for obvious reasons.

And what day and time will most convenient for you, Mr Lurie?” she asked.

Oh, any day at all,” I shouted.

Next Thursday at 10 a.m.?” she asked.

Perfect! I’ll be there!” I yelled and hung up with a crash.

 It had not occured to me to tell her I had to take a day off from school to see the editor. I would have to find an excuse to be away for a day from school. I also had to find out how to get to Boy’s Magazine by train alone and it was a big worry for my mother unlike my father’s concern about receiving the cheque.

I had yet another problem. What to wear? My school uniform was out of the question because it just was not right for a business appointment. My only suit was a year old and too short. My father offered to lend me his suit but he was shorter than me and twice my weight. So, I decided to wear my suit after all.

Now, as the day of my appointment drew closer, a great question had to be answered. For my father had been right. If all they wanted to do was to buy my comic strip, they would have sent a cheque. So, there must be something else. A full-time job as a comics artist at Boy Magazine! It had to be that!

Adapted from my Greatest Ambition by Morris Lurie.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. ambition

  2. glanced

  3. astronomer

  4. tycoon

  5. full-length

  6. original

  7. pronouncing

  8. embedded

  9. sneaky

  10. policy

  11. illustration

  12. prospect

  13. scoffer

  14. tune

  15. appointment

  16. cheque

  17. mocked

  18. obvious

  19. convenient

  20. editor

  21. full-time

Idioms related to this passage:

  • blessing in disguise” used when author’s ambition is different from others.

  • a dime a dozen” used when everyone else’s ambition are the same.

  • birds of a feather flock together” used for author and friend Lazarus.

  • bite the bullet” used when author decided to send the comic to Boy Magazine.

  • break a leg” used when author was about to go for his appointment.

  • hit the sack” used when the author went to bed.

  • no pain, no gain” author missed school, took a train for his appointment.

  • so far, so good” used when Miss Gordon set an appointment with the author.

  • rain on someone’s paraded” used when author’s father asked for a cheque.

  • head in the clouds” as is in passage.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1. Morris Lurie was an Australian writer (30 October 1938-8 October 2014).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_Lurie

Lurie was born in 1948 to Arie and Esther Lurie (Jewish emigrants from Poland) at the Royal Women’s Hospital in Carlton, a suburb of Melbourne.[1]He was schooled at Elwood Central School, Prahran Technical School and Melbourne High School, and then studied architecture at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology before working in advertising.

His first novel was the comic Rappaport (Hodder and Stoughton, 1966) and focused on a day in the life of a young Melbourne antique dealer and his immature friend, Friedlander. The characters, transplanted to London, were further chronicled in Rappaport’s Revenge (1973). Lurie’s self-exile from Australia to Europe, the UK and Northern Africa provides much of the material for his fiction. His second novel was The London Jungle Adventures of Charlie Hope (Hodder and Stoughton, 1968). Flying Home (1978) was named by the National Book Council as one of the ten best Australian books of the decade. Subsequent novels are Seven Books for Grossman (1983)—really a novella parodying the styles of various authors— and Madness (1991), about a writer dealing with a mentally unstable girlfriend.

Lurie is best known for his short stories. In 2000 he wrote an instructional guide When and How to Write Short Stories and What They Are. His stories have been published in many prestigious magazines, including The New YorkerThe Virginia QuarterlyPunchThe TimesThe Telegraph MagazineTransatlantic ReviewIslandMeanjinOverlandQuadrant and Westerly.

In his 2008 novel, To Light Attained, Lurie deals with the subject of suicide.[2] A review of the novel described it as “a father’s anguish in words”.[3]

Lurie succumbed to cancer on 8 October 2014, at the Wantirna Hospice.[4]

4. Disney bought Marvel Comics for $4 billion and has made more than $18 billion at the global box office. (July 2019 https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/21/disney-has- made-more-than-18-billion-from-marvel-films-since-2012.html)

3. Avengers: Endgame has surpassed Avatar’s record as the highest-grossing movie of all time. Marvel Studios re-released Endgame in theaters with several extra minutes of footage in July to boost this effort, bringing the movie’s total to $2.79 billion. James Cameron’s 2009 film Avatar raked in $2.788 billion. (July 2019 https://time.com/5523398/highest-grossing-marvel-movies/)

4. World’s most expensive comic book sold for US$3.2 million. An original copy of the Action Comics #1 that initially cost 10 cents and introduced Earth to Superman became the world’s most expensive comic book Sunday when it raked in $3.2 million on eBay. When Darren Adams decided to put his incredibly rare, nearly pristine copy of the debut issue of the Man of Steel up for auction on eBay, he generously started the bid at 99 cents. Less than two hours later, the price had risen faster than a speeding bullet, past US$1.5 million. (https://nypost.com/2014/08/25/worlds-most-expensive-comic-book-sells-for-3-2m/)

5. Singapore’s very own comic artists. Sonny Liew. Johnny Lau. Yeo Hui Xuan. Troy Chin. Wee Tian Beng. Lee Chee Chew.(https://www.timeout.com/singapore/art/the-best-comic-book-artists-in- singapore-right-now)

Answers

71) their heads in the clouds

72)

false- Unlike the others, the narrator’s friend Micheal Lazarus was interested in his ambitions.

true- The narrator completed his full length comic strip, did not know what to do with it and was happy finishing it.

true- the narrator checked it sixty times before saying  “Not too bad”

73) 3, 1, 2.

74) i) to post/send his completed comic strip to “Boy Magazine” in Sydney ii) the comic strip that he put in an envelop to send to ‘Boy Magazine’ iii) Miss Gordon

75) 1pt- sneaker policy of printing stories instead of full comic strips, with one illustration to trick readers to buy the magazine. 1 pt- did not want his comics in a magazine which printed mainly stories.

76) His father did not change his negative attitude/opinion towards the author and continued asking for the cheque.

77)

father- interested in receiving the cheque form ‘Boy Magazine’

mother- the narrator reaching the location of ‘Boy Magazine’ by train alone

78) 1pt- narrator had to find an excuse to get away from school for one day. 1pt- to find out what should his attire be for the interview

79) excited, puzzled.

80) Yes. 1pt- Boy Magazine did not send a cheque to buy his comic strip and ended the story. 1pt-instead, they asked for an appointment that the author believes is an offer for a full-time job.

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English Tuition Centre Comprehension

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here Vocabulary List Idioms Pri 6 SA2 2019 Henry Park Comprehension)

This following passage is from 2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

My greatest ambition was to be a comics artist. My classmates often walked past me, glanced over my shoulders and asked, “Can you make a living out of it?”

I was the only person in my class who wanted to be a comics artist. The rest wanted to be astronomers, business tycoons, mathematicians or doctors. They had their heads in the clouds.

It was not until Friday night when I completed my first full-length, original six-page comic strip. I did not have any idea what to do with it though. Just doing it made me happy. However, I still read and checked through it sixty times over the weekend before finally pronouncing it ‘Not too bad’.

That would have been the end of it, except I happened to mention to Micheal Lazarus, the only classmate who was interested in my ambition that I had drawn a comic strip. He told me that there was a magazine, Boy Magazine, in Sydney I could send it to. So, when I got home, I rolled my comics up in brown paper, addressed it and put it in my schoolbag where I would not forget to mail it. Lazarus had embedded the idea in my mind.

I hardly slept all night. What kept me awake was the magazine I was sending my comic to, Boy Magazine. I had never liked it because it had the sneaky policy of printing stories, with only one illustration at the top of the page to trick readers into buying the magazine. Did I want my comics to appear in a magazine which printed mainly stories? An awful prospect!

At 2 a.m., I decided no and at 3 a.m., it was a yes. At 4 a.m., it was no again but just before falling asleep, I saw Lazarus’ face and he said, ‘Publish it!’ That decided it.

My father was quite the scoffer and would walk past my room every evening and look in to say, “Morris? They sent you the money yet?” When the letter did arrive from Boy Magazine, did he change his tune? Not one bit. “I don’t see a cheque,” he said. “Show me the letter.”

It read, “ We are very interested in your comic strip and would like you to call Miss Gordon to make an appointment to see the editor.”

An appointment? If they wanted it, there’d be a cheque,” he mocked.

I called Miss Gordon from a public phone and not from home. I did not want my father around for obvious reasons.

And what day and time will most convenient for you, Mr Lurie?” she asked.

Oh, any day at all,” I shouted.

Next Thursday at 10 a.m.?” she asked.

Perfect! I’ll be there!” I yelled and hung up with a crash.

 It had not occured to me to tell her I had to take a day off from school to see the editor. I would have to find an excuse to be away for a day from school. I also had to find out how to get to Boy’s Magazine by train alone and it was a big worry for my mother unlike my father’s concern about receiving the cheque.

I had yet another problem. What to wear? My school uniform was out of the question because it just was not right for a business appointment. My only suit was a year old and too short. My father offered to lend me his suit but he was shorter than me and twice my weight. So, I decided to wear my suit after all.

Now, as the day of my appointment drew closer, a great question had to be answered. For my father had been right. If all they wanted to do was to buy my comic strip, they would have sent a cheque. So, there must be something else. A full-time job as a comics artist at Boy Magazine! It had to be that!

Adapted from my Greatest Ambition by Morris Lurie.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. ambition

  2. glanced

  3. astronomer

  4. tycoon

  5. full-length

  6. original

  7. pronouncing

  8. embedded

  9. sneaky

  10. policy

  11. illustration

  12. prospect

  13. scoffer

  14. tune

  15. appointment

  16. cheque

  17. mocked

  18. obvious

  19. convenient

  20. editor

  21. full-time

Idioms related to this passage:

  • blessing in disguise” used when author’s ambition is different from others.

  • a dime a dozen” used when everyone else’s ambition are the same.

  • birds of a feather flock together” used for author and friend Lazarus.

  • bite the bullet” used when author decided to send the comic to Boy Magazine.

  • break a leg” used when author was about to go for his appointment.

  • hit the sack” used when the author went to bed.

  • no pain, no gain” author missed school, took a train for his appointment.

  • so far, so good” used when Miss Gordon set an appointment with the author.

  • rain on someone’s paraded” used when author’s father asked for a cheque.

  • head in the clouds” as is in passage.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1. Morris Lurie was an Australian writer (30 October 1938-8 October 2014).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_Lurie

Lurie was born in 1948 to Arie and Esther Lurie (Jewish emigrants from Poland) at the Royal Women’s Hospital in Carlton, a suburb of Melbourne.[1]He was schooled at Elwood Central School, Prahran Technical School and Melbourne High School, and then studied architecture at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology before working in advertising.

His first novel was the comic Rappaport (Hodder and Stoughton, 1966) and focused on a day in the life of a young Melbourne antique dealer and his immature friend, Friedlander. The characters, transplanted to London, were further chronicled in Rappaport’s Revenge (1973). Lurie’s self-exile from Australia to Europe, the UK and Northern Africa provides much of the material for his fiction. His second novel was The London Jungle Adventures of Charlie Hope (Hodder and Stoughton, 1968). Flying Home (1978) was named by the National Book Council as one of the ten best Australian books of the decade. Subsequent novels are Seven Books for Grossman (1983)—really a novella parodying the styles of various authors— and Madness (1991), about a writer dealing with a mentally unstable girlfriend.

Lurie is best known for his short stories. In 2000 he wrote an instructional guide When and How to Write Short Stories and What They Are. His stories have been published in many prestigious magazines, including The New YorkerThe Virginia QuarterlyPunchThe TimesThe Telegraph MagazineTransatlantic ReviewIslandMeanjinOverlandQuadrant and Westerly.

In his 2008 novel, To Light Attained, Lurie deals with the subject of suicide.[2] A review of the novel described it as “a father’s anguish in words”.[3]

Lurie succumbed to cancer on 8 October 2014, at the Wantirna Hospice.[4]

4. Disney bought Marvel Comics for $4 billion and has made more than $18 billion at the global box office. (July 2019 https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/21/disney-has- made-more-than-18-billion-from-marvel-films-since-2012.html)

3. Avengers: Endgame has surpassed Avatar’s record as the highest-grossing movie of all time. Marvel Studios re-released Endgame in theaters with several extra minutes of footage in July to boost this effort, bringing the movie’s total to $2.79 billion. James Cameron’s 2009 film Avatar raked in $2.788 billion. (July 2019 https://time.com/5523398/highest-grossing-marvel-movies/)

4. World’s most expensive comic book sold for US$3.2 million. An original copy of the Action Comics #1 that initially cost 10 cents and introduced Earth to Superman became the world’s most expensive comic book Sunday when it raked in $3.2 million on eBay. When Darren Adams decided to put his incredibly rare, nearly pristine copy of the debut issue of the Man of Steel up for auction on eBay, he generously started the bid at 99 cents. Less than two hours later, the price had risen faster than a speeding bullet, past US$1.5 million. (https://nypost.com/2014/08/25/worlds-most-expensive-comic-book-sells-for-3-2m/)

5. Singapore’s very own comic artists. Sonny Liew. Johnny Lau. Yeo Hui Xuan. Troy Chin. Wee Tian Beng. Lee Chee Chew.(https://www.timeout.com/singapore/art/the-best-comic-book-artists-in- singapore-right-now)

Answers

71) their heads in the clouds

72)

false- Unlike the others, the narrator’s friend Micheal Lazarus was interested in his ambitions.

true- The narrator completed his full length comic strip, did not know what to do with it and was happy finishing it.

true- the narrator checked it sixty times before saying  “Not too bad”

73) 3, 1, 2.

74) i) to post/send his completed comic strip to “Boy Magazine” in Sydney ii) the comic strip that he put in an envelop to send to ‘Boy Magazine’ iii) Miss Gordon

75) 1pt- sneaker policy of printing stories instead of full comic strips, with one illustration to trick readers to buy the magazine. 1 pt- did not want his comics in a magazine which printed mainly stories.

76) His father did not change his negative attitude/opinion towards the author and continued asking for the cheque.

77)

father- interested in receiving the cheque form ‘Boy Magazine’

mother- the narrator reaching the location of ‘Boy Magazine’ by train alone

78) 1pt- narrator had to find an excuse to get away from school for one day. 1pt- to find out what should his attire be for the interview

79) excited, puzzled.

80) Yes. 1pt- Boy Magazine did not send a cheque to buy his comic strip and ended the story. 1pt-instead, they asked for an appointment that the author believes is an offer for a full-time job.

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2b

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

Categories
English English MOE Singapore Vocabulary List P6 Vocabulary Practice PSLE Pri 6 Test Papers Free English Comprehension Primary 6 Pri 6 P6 Vocabulary Lists for PSLE PSLE Vocabulary List Vocabulary

English Tutor Singapore Materials

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here Vocabulary List Idioms Pri 6 SA2 2019 Henry Park Comprehension)

This following passage is from 2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

My greatest ambition was to be a comics artist. My classmates often walked past me, glanced over my shoulders and asked, “Can you make a living out of it?”

I was the only person in my class who wanted to be a comics artist. The rest wanted to be astronomers, business tycoons, mathematicians or doctors. They had their heads in the clouds.

It was not until Friday night when I completed my first full-length, original six-page comic strip. I did not have any idea what to do with it though. Just doing it made me happy. However, I still read and checked through it sixty times over the weekend before finally pronouncing it ‘Not too bad’.

That would have been the end of it, except I happened to mention to Micheal Lazarus, the only classmate who was interested in my ambition that I had drawn a comic strip. He told me that there was a magazine, Boy Magazine, in Sydney I could send it to. So, when I got home, I rolled my comics up in brown paper, addressed it and put it in my schoolbag where I would not forget to mail it. Lazarus had embedded the idea in my mind.

I hardly slept all night. What kept me awake was the magazine I was sending my comic to, Boy Magazine. I had never liked it because it had the sneaky policy of printing stories, with only one illustration at the top of the page to trick readers into buying the magazine. Did I want my comics to appear in a magazine which printed mainly stories? An awful prospect!

At 2 a.m., I decided no and at 3 a.m., it was a yes. At 4 a.m., it was no again but just before falling asleep, I saw Lazarus’ face and he said, ‘Publish it!’ That decided it.

My father was quite the scoffer and would walk past my room every evening and look in to say, “Morris? They sent you the money yet?” When the letter did arrive from Boy Magazine, did he change his tune? Not one bit. “I don’t see a cheque,” he said. “Show me the letter.”

It read, “ We are very interested in your comic strip and would like you to call Miss Gordon to make an appointment to see the editor.”

An appointment? If they wanted it, there’d be a cheque,” he mocked.

I called Miss Gordon from a public phone and not from home. I did not want my father around for obvious reasons.

And what day and time will most convenient for you, Mr Lurie?” she asked.

Oh, any day at all,” I shouted.

Next Thursday at 10 a.m.?” she asked.

Perfect! I’ll be there!” I yelled and hung up with a crash.

 It had not occured to me to tell her I had to take a day off from school to see the editor. I would have to find an excuse to be away for a day from school. I also had to find out how to get to Boy’s Magazine by train alone and it was a big worry for my mother unlike my father’s concern about receiving the cheque.

I had yet another problem. What to wear? My school uniform was out of the question because it just was not right for a business appointment. My only suit was a year old and too short. My father offered to lend me his suit but he was shorter than me and twice my weight. So, I decided to wear my suit after all.

Now, as the day of my appointment drew closer, a great question had to be answered. For my father had been right. If all they wanted to do was to buy my comic strip, they would have sent a cheque. So, there must be something else. A full-time job as a comics artist at Boy Magazine! It had to be that!

Adapted from my Greatest Ambition by Morris Lurie.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. ambition

  2. glanced

  3. astronomer

  4. tycoon

  5. full-length

  6. original

  7. pronouncing

  8. embedded

  9. sneaky

  10. policy

  11. illustration

  12. prospect

  13. scoffer

  14. tune

  15. appointment

  16. cheque

  17. mocked

  18. obvious

  19. convenient

  20. editor

  21. full-time

Idioms related to this passage:

  • blessing in disguise” used when author’s ambition is different from others.

  • a dime a dozen” used when everyone else’s ambition are the same.

  • birds of a feather flock together” used for author and friend Lazarus.

  • bite the bullet” used when author decided to send the comic to Boy Magazine.

  • break a leg” used when author was about to go for his appointment.

  • hit the sack” used when the author went to bed.

  • no pain, no gain” author missed school, took a train for his appointment.

  • so far, so good” used when Miss Gordon set an appointment with the author.

  • rain on someone’s paraded” used when author’s father asked for a cheque.

  • head in the clouds” as is in passage.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1. Morris Lurie was an Australian writer (30 October 1938-8 October 2014).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_Lurie

Lurie was born in 1948 to Arie and Esther Lurie (Jewish emigrants from Poland) at the Royal Women’s Hospital in Carlton, a suburb of Melbourne.[1]He was schooled at Elwood Central School, Prahran Technical School and Melbourne High School, and then studied architecture at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology before working in advertising.

His first novel was the comic Rappaport (Hodder and Stoughton, 1966) and focused on a day in the life of a young Melbourne antique dealer and his immature friend, Friedlander. The characters, transplanted to London, were further chronicled in Rappaport’s Revenge (1973). Lurie’s self-exile from Australia to Europe, the UK and Northern Africa provides much of the material for his fiction. His second novel was The London Jungle Adventures of Charlie Hope (Hodder and Stoughton, 1968). Flying Home (1978) was named by the National Book Council as one of the ten best Australian books of the decade. Subsequent novels are Seven Books for Grossman (1983)—really a novella parodying the styles of various authors— and Madness (1991), about a writer dealing with a mentally unstable girlfriend.

Lurie is best known for his short stories. In 2000 he wrote an instructional guide When and How to Write Short Stories and What They Are. His stories have been published in many prestigious magazines, including The New YorkerThe Virginia QuarterlyPunchThe TimesThe Telegraph MagazineTransatlantic ReviewIslandMeanjinOverlandQuadrant and Westerly.

In his 2008 novel, To Light Attained, Lurie deals with the subject of suicide.[2] A review of the novel described it as “a father’s anguish in words”.[3]

Lurie succumbed to cancer on 8 October 2014, at the Wantirna Hospice.[4]

4. Disney bought Marvel Comics for $4 billion and has made more than $18 billion at the global box office. (July 2019 https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/21/disney-has- made-more-than-18-billion-from-marvel-films-since-2012.html)

3. Avengers: Endgame has surpassed Avatar’s record as the highest-grossing movie of all time. Marvel Studios re-released Endgame in theaters with several extra minutes of footage in July to boost this effort, bringing the movie’s total to $2.79 billion. James Cameron’s 2009 film Avatar raked in $2.788 billion. (July 2019 https://time.com/5523398/highest-grossing-marvel-movies/)

4. World’s most expensive comic book sold for US$3.2 million. An original copy of the Action Comics #1 that initially cost 10 cents and introduced Earth to Superman became the world’s most expensive comic book Sunday when it raked in $3.2 million on eBay. When Darren Adams decided to put his incredibly rare, nearly pristine copy of the debut issue of the Man of Steel up for auction on eBay, he generously started the bid at 99 cents. Less than two hours later, the price had risen faster than a speeding bullet, past US$1.5 million. (https://nypost.com/2014/08/25/worlds-most-expensive-comic-book-sells-for-3-2m/)

5. Singapore’s very own comic artists. Sonny Liew. Johnny Lau. Yeo Hui Xuan. Troy Chin. Wee Tian Beng. Lee Chee Chew.(https://www.timeout.com/singapore/art/the-best-comic-book-artists-in- singapore-right-now)

Answers

71) their heads in the clouds

72)

false- Unlike the others, the narrator’s friend Micheal Lazarus was interested in his ambitions.

true- The narrator completed his full length comic strip, did not know what to do with it and was happy finishing it.

true- the narrator checked it sixty times before saying  “Not too bad”

73) 3, 1, 2.

74) i) to post/send his completed comic strip to “Boy Magazine” in Sydney ii) the comic strip that he put in an envelop to send to ‘Boy Magazine’ iii) Miss Gordon

75) 1pt- sneaker policy of printing stories instead of full comic strips, with one illustration to trick readers to buy the magazine. 1 pt- did not want his comics in a magazine which printed mainly stories.

76) His father did not change his negative attitude/opinion towards the author and continued asking for the cheque.

77)

father- interested in receiving the cheque form ‘Boy Magazine’

mother- the narrator reaching the location of ‘Boy Magazine’ by train alone

78) 1pt- narrator had to find an excuse to get away from school for one day. 1pt- to find out what should his attire be for the interview

79) excited, puzzled.

80) Yes. 1pt- Boy Magazine did not send a cheque to buy his comic strip and ended the story. 1pt-instead, they asked for an appointment that the author believes is an offer for a full-time job.

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2b

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

Categories
English English MOE Singapore Vocabulary List P6 Vocabulary Practice PSLE Pri 6 Test Papers Free English Comprehension Primary 6 Pri 6 P6 Vocabulary Lists for PSLE PSLE Vocabulary List Vocabulary

Comprehension Passages Grade 6

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here Vocabulary List Idioms Pri 6 SA2 2019 Henry Park Comprehension)

This following passage is from 2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

My greatest ambition was to be a comics artist. My classmates often walked past me, glanced over my shoulders and asked, “Can you make a living out of it?”

I was the only person in my class who wanted to be a comics artist. The rest wanted to be astronomers, business tycoons, mathematicians or doctors. They had their heads in the clouds.

It was not until Friday night when I completed my first full-length, original six-page comic strip. I did not have any idea what to do with it though. Just doing it made me happy. However, I still read and checked through it sixty times over the weekend before finally pronouncing it ‘Not too bad’.

That would have been the end of it, except I happened to mention to Micheal Lazarus, the only classmate who was interested in my ambition that I had drawn a comic strip. He told me that there was a magazine, Boy Magazine, in Sydney I could send it to. So, when I got home, I rolled my comics up in brown paper, addressed it and put it in my schoolbag where I would not forget to mail it. Lazarus had embedded the idea in my mind.

I hardly slept all night. What kept me awake was the magazine I was sending my comic to, Boy Magazine. I had never liked it because it had the sneaky policy of printing stories, with only one illustration at the top of the page to trick readers into buying the magazine. Did I want my comics to appear in a magazine which printed mainly stories? An awful prospect!

At 2 a.m., I decided no and at 3 a.m., it was a yes. At 4 a.m., it was no again but just before falling asleep, I saw Lazarus’ face and he said, ‘Publish it!’ That decided it.

My father was quite the scoffer and would walk past my room every evening and look in to say, “Morris? They sent you the money yet?” When the letter did arrive from Boy Magazine, did he change his tune? Not one bit. “I don’t see a cheque,” he said. “Show me the letter.”

It read, “ We are very interested in your comic strip and would like you to call Miss Gordon to make an appointment to see the editor.”

An appointment? If they wanted it, there’d be a cheque,” he mocked.

I called Miss Gordon from a public phone and not from home. I did not want my father around for obvious reasons.

And what day and time will most convenient for you, Mr Lurie?” she asked.

Oh, any day at all,” I shouted.

Next Thursday at 10 a.m.?” she asked.

Perfect! I’ll be there!” I yelled and hung up with a crash.

 It had not occured to me to tell her I had to take a day off from school to see the editor. I would have to find an excuse to be away for a day from school. I also had to find out how to get to Boy’s Magazine by train alone and it was a big worry for my mother unlike my father’s concern about receiving the cheque.

I had yet another problem. What to wear? My school uniform was out of the question because it just was not right for a business appointment. My only suit was a year old and too short. My father offered to lend me his suit but he was shorter than me and twice my weight. So, I decided to wear my suit after all.

Now, as the day of my appointment drew closer, a great question had to be answered. For my father had been right. If all they wanted to do was to buy my comic strip, they would have sent a cheque. So, there must be something else. A full-time job as a comics artist at Boy Magazine! It had to be that!

Adapted from my Greatest Ambition by Morris Lurie.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. ambition

  2. glanced

  3. astronomer

  4. tycoon

  5. full-length

  6. original

  7. pronouncing

  8. embedded

  9. sneaky

  10. policy

  11. illustration

  12. prospect

  13. scoffer

  14. tune

  15. appointment

  16. cheque

  17. mocked

  18. obvious

  19. convenient

  20. editor

  21. full-time

Idioms related to this passage:

  • blessing in disguise” used when author’s ambition is different from others.

  • a dime a dozen” used when everyone else’s ambition are the same.

  • birds of a feather flock together” used for author and friend Lazarus.

  • bite the bullet” used when author decided to send the comic to Boy Magazine.

  • break a leg” used when author was about to go for his appointment.

  • hit the sack” used when the author went to bed.

  • no pain, no gain” author missed school, took a train for his appointment.

  • so far, so good” used when Miss Gordon set an appointment with the author.

  • rain on someone’s paraded” used when author’s father asked for a cheque.

  • head in the clouds” as is in passage.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1. Morris Lurie was an Australian writer (30 October 1938-8 October 2014).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_Lurie

Lurie was born in 1948 to Arie and Esther Lurie (Jewish emigrants from Poland) at the Royal Women’s Hospital in Carlton, a suburb of Melbourne.[1]He was schooled at Elwood Central School, Prahran Technical School and Melbourne High School, and then studied architecture at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology before working in advertising.

His first novel was the comic Rappaport (Hodder and Stoughton, 1966) and focused on a day in the life of a young Melbourne antique dealer and his immature friend, Friedlander. The characters, transplanted to London, were further chronicled in Rappaport’s Revenge (1973). Lurie’s self-exile from Australia to Europe, the UK and Northern Africa provides much of the material for his fiction. His second novel was The London Jungle Adventures of Charlie Hope (Hodder and Stoughton, 1968). Flying Home (1978) was named by the National Book Council as one of the ten best Australian books of the decade. Subsequent novels are Seven Books for Grossman (1983)—really a novella parodying the styles of various authors— and Madness (1991), about a writer dealing with a mentally unstable girlfriend.

Lurie is best known for his short stories. In 2000 he wrote an instructional guide When and How to Write Short Stories and What They Are. His stories have been published in many prestigious magazines, including The New YorkerThe Virginia QuarterlyPunchThe TimesThe Telegraph MagazineTransatlantic ReviewIslandMeanjinOverlandQuadrant and Westerly.

In his 2008 novel, To Light Attained, Lurie deals with the subject of suicide.[2] A review of the novel described it as “a father’s anguish in words”.[3]

Lurie succumbed to cancer on 8 October 2014, at the Wantirna Hospice.[4]

4. Disney bought Marvel Comics for $4 billion and has made more than $18 billion at the global box office. (July 2019 https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/21/disney-has- made-more-than-18-billion-from-marvel-films-since-2012.html)

3. Avengers: Endgame has surpassed Avatar’s record as the highest-grossing movie of all time. Marvel Studios re-released Endgame in theaters with several extra minutes of footage in July to boost this effort, bringing the movie’s total to $2.79 billion. James Cameron’s 2009 film Avatar raked in $2.788 billion. (July 2019 https://time.com/5523398/highest-grossing-marvel-movies/)

4. World’s most expensive comic book sold for US$3.2 million. An original copy of the Action Comics #1 that initially cost 10 cents and introduced Earth to Superman became the world’s most expensive comic book Sunday when it raked in $3.2 million on eBay. When Darren Adams decided to put his incredibly rare, nearly pristine copy of the debut issue of the Man of Steel up for auction on eBay, he generously started the bid at 99 cents. Less than two hours later, the price had risen faster than a speeding bullet, past US$1.5 million. (https://nypost.com/2014/08/25/worlds-most-expensive-comic-book-sells-for-3-2m/)

5. Singapore’s very own comic artists. Sonny Liew. Johnny Lau. Yeo Hui Xuan. Troy Chin. Wee Tian Beng. Lee Chee Chew.(https://www.timeout.com/singapore/art/the-best-comic-book-artists-in- singapore-right-now)

Answers

71) their heads in the clouds

72)

false- Unlike the others, the narrator’s friend Micheal Lazarus was interested in his ambitions.

true- The narrator completed his full length comic strip, did not know what to do with it and was happy finishing it.

true- the narrator checked it sixty times before saying  “Not too bad”

73) 3, 1, 2.

74) i) to post/send his completed comic strip to “Boy Magazine” in Sydney ii) the comic strip that he put in an envelop to send to ‘Boy Magazine’ iii) Miss Gordon

75) 1pt- sneaker policy of printing stories instead of full comic strips, with one illustration to trick readers to buy the magazine. 1 pt- did not want his comics in a magazine which printed mainly stories.

76) His father did not change his negative attitude/opinion towards the author and continued asking for the cheque.

77)

father- interested in receiving the cheque form ‘Boy Magazine’

mother- the narrator reaching the location of ‘Boy Magazine’ by train alone

78) 1pt- narrator had to find an excuse to get away from school for one day. 1pt- to find out what should his attire be for the interview

79) excited, puzzled.

80) Yes. 1pt- Boy Magazine did not send a cheque to buy his comic strip and ended the story. 1pt-instead, they asked for an appointment that the author believes is an offer for a full-time job.

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2b

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

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Categories
English English MOE Singapore Vocabulary List P6 Vocabulary Practice PSLE Pri 6 Test Papers Free English Comprehension Primary 6 Pri 6 P6 Vocabulary Lists for PSLE PSLE Vocabulary List Vocabulary

Free Tutor Materials Test Papers 2019 English (2019 Henry Park Primary 6 SA2 Comprehension)

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here Vocabulary List Idioms Pri 6 SA2 2019 Henry Park Comprehension)

This following passage is from 2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

My greatest ambition was to be a comics artist. My classmates often walked past me, glanced over my shoulders and asked, “Can you make a living out of it?”

I was the only person in my class who wanted to be a comics artist. The rest wanted to be astronomers, business tycoons, mathematicians or doctors. They had their heads in the clouds.

It was not until Friday night when I completed my first full-length, original six-page comic strip. I did not have any idea what to do with it though. Just doing it made me happy. However, I still read and checked through it sixty times over the weekend before finally pronouncing it ‘Not too bad’.

That would have been the end of it, except I happened to mention to Micheal Lazarus, the only classmate who was interested in my ambition that I had drawn a comic strip. He told me that there was a magazine, Boy Magazine, in Sydney I could send it to. So, when I got home, I rolled my comics up in brown paper, addressed it and put it in my schoolbag where I would not forget to mail it. Lazarus had embedded the idea in my mind.

I hardly slept all night. What kept me awake was the magazine I was sending my comic to, Boy Magazine. I had never liked it because it had the sneaky policy of printing stories, with only one illustration at the top of the page to trick readers into buying the magazine. Did I want my comics to appear in a magazine which printed mainly stories? An awful prospect!

At 2 a.m., I decided no and at 3 a.m., it was a yes. At 4 a.m., it was no again but just before falling asleep, I saw Lazarus’ face and he said, ‘Publish it!’ That decided it.

My father was quite the scoffer and would walk past my room every evening and look in to say, “Morris? They sent you the money yet?” When the letter did arrive from Boy Magazine, did he change his tune? Not one bit. “I don’t see a cheque,” he said. “Show me the letter.”

It read, “ We are very interested in your comic strip and would like you to call Miss Gordon to make an appointment to see the editor.”

An appointment? If they wanted it, there’d be a cheque,” he mocked.

I called Miss Gordon from a public phone and not from home. I did not want my father around for obvious reasons.

And what day and time will most convenient for you, Mr Lurie?” she asked.

Oh, any day at all,” I shouted.

Next Thursday at 10 a.m.?” she asked.

Perfect! I’ll be there!” I yelled and hung up with a crash.

 It had not occured to me to tell her I had to take a day off from school to see the editor. I would have to find an excuse to be away for a day from school. I also had to find out how to get to Boy’s Magazine by train alone and it was a big worry for my mother unlike my father’s concern about receiving the cheque.

I had yet another problem. What to wear? My school uniform was out of the question because it just was not right for a business appointment. My only suit was a year old and too short. My father offered to lend me his suit but he was shorter than me and twice my weight. So, I decided to wear my suit after all.

Now, as the day of my appointment drew closer, a great question had to be answered. For my father had been right. If all they wanted to do was to buy my comic strip, they would have sent a cheque. So, there must be something else. A full-time job as a comics artist at Boy Magazine! It had to be that!

Adapted from my Greatest Ambition by Morris Lurie.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. ambition

  2. glanced

  3. astronomer

  4. tycoon

  5. full-length

  6. original

  7. pronouncing

  8. embedded

  9. sneaky

  10. policy

  11. illustration

  12. prospect

  13. scoffer

  14. tune

  15. appointment

  16. cheque

  17. mocked

  18. obvious

  19. convenient

  20. editor

  21. full-time

Idioms related to this passage:

  • blessing in disguise” used when author’s ambition is different from others.

  • a dime a dozen” used when everyone else’s ambition are the same.

  • birds of a feather flock together” used for author and friend Lazarus.

  • bite the bullet” used when author decided to send the comic to Boy Magazine.

  • break a leg” used when author was about to go for his appointment.

  • hit the sack” used when the author went to bed.

  • no pain, no gain” author missed school, took a train for his appointment.

  • so far, so good” used when Miss Gordon set an appointment with the author.

  • rain on someone’s paraded” used when author’s father asked for a cheque.

  • head in the clouds” as is in passage.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1. Morris Lurie was an Australian writer (30 October 1938-8 October 2014).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_Lurie

Lurie was born in 1948 to Arie and Esther Lurie (Jewish emigrants from Poland) at the Royal Women’s Hospital in Carlton, a suburb of Melbourne.[1]He was schooled at Elwood Central School, Prahran Technical School and Melbourne High School, and then studied architecture at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology before working in advertising.

His first novel was the comic Rappaport (Hodder and Stoughton, 1966) and focused on a day in the life of a young Melbourne antique dealer and his immature friend, Friedlander. The characters, transplanted to London, were further chronicled in Rappaport’s Revenge (1973). Lurie’s self-exile from Australia to Europe, the UK and Northern Africa provides much of the material for his fiction. His second novel was The London Jungle Adventures of Charlie Hope (Hodder and Stoughton, 1968). Flying Home (1978) was named by the National Book Council as one of the ten best Australian books of the decade. Subsequent novels are Seven Books for Grossman (1983)—really a novella parodying the styles of various authors— and Madness (1991), about a writer dealing with a mentally unstable girlfriend.

Lurie is best known for his short stories. In 2000 he wrote an instructional guide When and How to Write Short Stories and What They Are. His stories have been published in many prestigious magazines, including The New YorkerThe Virginia QuarterlyPunchThe TimesThe Telegraph MagazineTransatlantic ReviewIslandMeanjinOverlandQuadrant and Westerly.

In his 2008 novel, To Light Attained, Lurie deals with the subject of suicide.[2] A review of the novel described it as “a father’s anguish in words”.[3]

Lurie succumbed to cancer on 8 October 2014, at the Wantirna Hospice.[4]

4. Disney bought Marvel Comics for $4 billion and has made more than $18 billion at the global box office. (July 2019 https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/21/disney-has- made-more-than-18-billion-from-marvel-films-since-2012.html)

3. Avengers: Endgame has surpassed Avatar’s record as the highest-grossing movie of all time. Marvel Studios re-released Endgame in theaters with several extra minutes of footage in July to boost this effort, bringing the movie’s total to $2.79 billion. James Cameron’s 2009 film Avatar raked in $2.788 billion. (July 2019 https://time.com/5523398/highest-grossing-marvel-movies/)

4. World’s most expensive comic book sold for US$3.2 million. An original copy of the Action Comics #1 that initially cost 10 cents and introduced Earth to Superman became the world’s most expensive comic book Sunday when it raked in $3.2 million on eBay. When Darren Adams decided to put his incredibly rare, nearly pristine copy of the debut issue of the Man of Steel up for auction on eBay, he generously started the bid at 99 cents. Less than two hours later, the price had risen faster than a speeding bullet, past US$1.5 million. (https://nypost.com/2014/08/25/worlds-most-expensive-comic-book-sells-for-3-2m/)

5. Singapore’s very own comic artists. Sonny Liew. Johnny Lau. Yeo Hui Xuan. Troy Chin. Wee Tian Beng. Lee Chee Chew.(https://www.timeout.com/singapore/art/the-best-comic-book-artists-in- singapore-right-now)

Answers

71) their heads in the clouds

72)

false- Unlike the others, the narrator’s friend Micheal Lazarus was interested in his ambitions.

true- The narrator completed his full length comic strip, did not know what to do with it and was happy finishing it.

true- the narrator checked it sixty times before saying  “Not too bad”

73) 3, 1, 2.

74) i) to post/send his completed comic strip to “Boy Magazine” in Sydney ii) the comic strip that he put in an envelop to send to ‘Boy Magazine’ iii) Miss Gordon

75) 1pt- sneaker policy of printing stories instead of full comic strips, with one illustration to trick readers to buy the magazine. 1 pt- did not want his comics in a magazine which printed mainly stories.

76) His father did not change his negative attitude/opinion towards the author and continued asking for the cheque.

77)

father- interested in receiving the cheque form ‘Boy Magazine’

mother- the narrator reaching the location of ‘Boy Magazine’ by train alone

78) 1pt- narrator had to find an excuse to get away from school for one day. 1pt- to find out what should his attire be for the interview

79) excited, puzzled.

80) Yes. 1pt- Boy Magazine did not send a cheque to buy his comic strip and ended the story. 1pt-instead, they asked for an appointment that the author believes is an offer for a full-time job.

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2b

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2afree test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

Categories
Comprehension English English MOE Singapore Vocabulary List P6 Vocabulary Practice PSLE Pri 6 Test Papers Free English Comprehension Primary 6 Pri 6 P6 Vocabulary Lists for PSLE PSLE Vocabulary List Vocabulary

Free Test Papers 2019 English (2019 Henry Park Primary 6 SA2 Comprehension)

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here Vocabulary List Idioms Pri 6 SA2 2019 Henry Park Comprehension)

This following passage is from 2019 Henry Park Pri 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

My greatest ambition was to be a comics artist. My classmates often walked past me, glanced over my shoulders and asked, “Can you make a living out of it?”

I was the only person in my class who wanted to be a comics artist. The rest wanted to be astronomers, business tycoons, mathematicians or doctors. They had their heads in the clouds.

It was not until Friday night when I completed my first full-length, original six-page comic strip. I did not have any idea what to do with it though. Just doing it made me happy. However, I still read and checked through it sixty times over the weekend before finally pronouncing it ‘Not too bad’.

That would have been the end of it, except I happened to mention to Micheal Lazarus, the only classmate who was interested in my ambition that I had drawn a comic strip. He told me that there was a magazine, Boy Magazine, in Sydney I could send it to. So, when I got home, I rolled my comics up in brown paper, addressed it and put it in my schoolbag where I would not forget to mail it. Lazarus had embedded the idea in my mind.

I hardly slept all night. What kept me awake was the magazine I was sending my comic to, Boy Magazine. I had never liked it because it had the sneaky policy of printing stories, with only one illustration at the top of the page to trick readers into buying the magazine. Did I want my comics to appear in a magazine which printed mainly stories? An awful prospect!

At 2 a.m., I decided no and at 3 a.m., it was a yes. At 4 a.m., it was no again but just before falling asleep, I saw Lazarus’ face and he said, ‘Publish it!’ That decided it.

My father was quite the scoffer and would walk past my room every evening and look in to say, “Morris? They sent you the money yet?” When the letter did arrive from Boy Magazine, did he change his tune? Not one bit. “I don’t see a cheque,” he said. “Show me the letter.”

It read, “ We are very interested in your comic strip and would like you to call Miss Gordon to make an appointment to see the editor.”

An appointment? If they wanted it, there’d be a cheque,” he mocked.

I called Miss Gordon from a public phone and not from home. I did not want my father around for obvious reasons.

And what day and time will most convenient for you, Mr Lurie?” she asked.

Oh, any day at all,” I shouted.

Next Thursday at 10 a.m.?” she asked.

Perfect! I’ll be there!” I yelled and hung up with a crash.

 It had not occured to me to tell her I had to take a day off from school to see the editor. I would have to find an excuse to be away for a day from school. I also had to find out how to get to Boy’s Magazine by train alone and it was a big worry for my mother unlike my father’s concern about receiving the cheque.

I had yet another problem. What to wear? My school uniform was out of the question because it just was not right for a business appointment. My only suit was a year old and too short. My father offered to lend me his suit but he was shorter than me and twice my weight. So, I decided to wear my suit after all.

Now, as the day of my appointment drew closer, a great question had to be answered. For my father had been right. If all they wanted to do was to buy my comic strip, they would have sent a cheque. So, there must be something else. A full-time job as a comics artist at Boy Magazine! It had to be that!

Adapted from my Greatest Ambition by Morris Lurie.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. ambition

  2. glanced

  3. astronomer

  4. tycoon

  5. full-length

  6. original

  7. pronouncing

  8. embedded

  9. sneaky

  10. policy

  11. illustration

  12. prospect

  13. scoffer

  14. tune

  15. appointment

  16. cheque

  17. mocked

  18. obvious

  19. convenient

  20. editor

  21. full-time

Idioms related to this passage:

  • blessing in disguise” used when author’s ambition is different from others.

  • a dime a dozen” used when everyone else’s ambition are the same.

  • birds of a feather flock together” used for author and friend Lazarus.

  • bite the bullet” used when author decided to send the comic to Boy Magazine.

  • break a leg” used when author was about to go for his appointment.

  • hit the sack” used when the author went to bed.

  • no pain, no gain” author missed school, took a train for his appointment.

  • so far, so good” used when Miss Gordon set an appointment with the author.

  • rain on someone’s paraded” used when author’s father asked for a cheque.

  • head in the clouds” as is in passage.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1. Morris Lurie was an Australian writer (30 October 1938-8 October 2014).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morris_Lurie

Lurie was born in 1948 to Arie and Esther Lurie (Jewish emigrants from Poland) at the Royal Women’s Hospital in Carlton, a suburb of Melbourne.[1]He was schooled at Elwood Central School, Prahran Technical School and Melbourne High School, and then studied architecture at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology before working in advertising.

His first novel was the comic Rappaport (Hodder and Stoughton, 1966) and focused on a day in the life of a young Melbourne antique dealer and his immature friend, Friedlander. The characters, transplanted to London, were further chronicled in Rappaport’s Revenge (1973). Lurie’s self-exile from Australia to Europe, the UK and Northern Africa provides much of the material for his fiction. His second novel was The London Jungle Adventures of Charlie Hope (Hodder and Stoughton, 1968). Flying Home (1978) was named by the National Book Council as one of the ten best Australian books of the decade. Subsequent novels are Seven Books for Grossman (1983)—really a novella parodying the styles of various authors— and Madness (1991), about a writer dealing with a mentally unstable girlfriend.

Lurie is best known for his short stories. In 2000 he wrote an instructional guide When and How to Write Short Stories and What They Are. His stories have been published in many prestigious magazines, including The New YorkerThe Virginia QuarterlyPunchThe TimesThe Telegraph MagazineTransatlantic ReviewIslandMeanjinOverlandQuadrant and Westerly.

In his 2008 novel, To Light Attained, Lurie deals with the subject of suicide.[2] A review of the novel described it as “a father’s anguish in words”.[3]

Lurie succumbed to cancer on 8 October 2014, at the Wantirna Hospice.[4]

4. Disney bought Marvel Comics for $4 billion and has made more than $18 billion at the global box office. (July 2019 https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/21/disney-has- made-more-than-18-billion-from-marvel-films-since-2012.html)

3. Avengers: Endgame has surpassed Avatar’s record as the highest-grossing movie of all time. Marvel Studios re-released Endgame in theaters with several extra minutes of footage in July to boost this effort, bringing the movie’s total to $2.79 billion. James Cameron’s 2009 film Avatar raked in $2.788 billion. (July 2019 https://time.com/5523398/highest-grossing-marvel-movies/)

4. World’s most expensive comic book sold for US$3.2 million. An original copy of the Action Comics #1 that initially cost 10 cents and introduced Earth to Superman became the world’s most expensive comic book Sunday when it raked in $3.2 million on eBay. When Darren Adams decided to put his incredibly rare, nearly pristine copy of the debut issue of the Man of Steel up for auction on eBay, he generously started the bid at 99 cents. Less than two hours later, the price had risen faster than a speeding bullet, past US$1.5 million. (https://nypost.com/2014/08/25/worlds-most-expensive-comic-book-sells-for-3-2m/)

5. Singapore’s very own comic artists. Sonny Liew. Johnny Lau. Yeo Hui Xuan. Troy Chin. Wee Tian Beng. Lee Chee Chew.(https://www.timeout.com/singapore/art/the-best-comic-book-artists-in- singapore-right-now)

Answers

71) their heads in the clouds

72)

false- Unlike the others, the narrator’s friend Micheal Lazarus was interested in his ambitions.

true- The narrator completed his full length comic strip, did not know what to do with it and was happy finishing it.

true- the narrator checked it sixty times before saying  “Not too bad”

73) 3, 1, 2.

74) i) to post/send his completed comic strip to “Boy Magazine” in Sydney ii) the comic strip that he put in an envelop to send to ‘Boy Magazine’ iii) Miss Gordon

75) 1pt- sneaker policy of printing stories instead of full comic strips, with one illustration to trick readers to buy the magazine. 1 pt- did not want his comics in a magazine which printed mainly stories.

76) His father did not change his negative attitude/opinion towards the author and continued asking for the cheque.

77)

father- interested in receiving the cheque form ‘Boy Magazine’

mother- the narrator reaching the location of ‘Boy Magazine’ by train alone

78) 1pt- narrator had to find an excuse to get away from school for one day. 1pt- to find out what should his attire be for the interview

79) excited, puzzled.

80) Yes. 1pt- Boy Magazine did not send a cheque to buy his comic strip and ended the story. 1pt-instead, they asked for an appointment that the author believes is an offer for a full-time job.

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2b

free test papers comprehension passage henry_park_2019_sa2a

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Categories
English English MOE Singapore Vocabulary List P6 Vocabulary Practice PSLE Pri 6 Test Papers Free English Comprehension Primary 6 Pri 6 P6 Vocabulary Lists for PSLE PSLE Vocabulary List Vocabulary

Comprehension Passages Worksheet for PSLE

Free Test Papers English Comprehension Extended (includes Vocabulary Lists). Primary School exam papers 2019. SG test papers 2019. Free test papers for Primary 6 Pri 6 P6. Primary School exam papers 2019.

2019 ACS Pri 6 SA2 Comprehension

(download pdf version here 2019 Pri 6 SA2 ACS Comprehension Free Test English)

The following passage is from 2019 ACS Primary 6 SA2 Preliminary Examinations. For the comprehension section, we train our students with the following:

At eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre, we have a supplementary section that we go through with our English students, including reading along the passage and have extra information that will help our students to understand the passage better.

To be used in conjuction with the actual comprehension, we have included vocabulary, idioms and information related to the passage before having our students attempt the comprehension section.

Comprehension Passage

I decided to pay my grandparents a visit one Saturday afternoon. Grandfather had been ill lately and I knew my visit would certainly cheer him up. “Knock. Knock.” I whispered. No answer. I looked at the figure sitting quietly at the corner of the room. Grandfather was staring forlornly at something on his lap. He seemed to be deep in thoughts. The active and astute man had become quiet and dazed.

“Oh, hello, Sir!” Siti, his helper greeted me cheerfully.

Has he eaten? I asked. She nodded happily. Siti had been helping Grandmother with her chores for ten years. Now she was Grandfather’s main caregiver, looking after him round the clock. I noticed that Grandfather perked up as he listened to our conversation. Without looking up, he patted me lightly on my head. It was a picture of him and his army buddies stylishly perched on their motorcycles. Yes, motorcycles. A topic that I was told never to bring up. The last time I mentioned them, I was reprimanded severely.

My sister, Kim, and I were practically raised by my grandparents. My parents were so busy with their business that we ended up living with our grandparents for almost ten years. After a while, we got used to their absence. Grandmother was a gentle lady who saw to our every need. She gave us her love and attention. Grandfather, on the other hand, was more of a disciplinarian as he was a retired army captain. However, once in a while, he eased up and played with us. As time passed, we became an inseparable family of four!

I remembered my first Christmas with them. I came home crying one day as my classmates had jeered at me for believing in Santa. When Grandmother heard that, she snorted, “What” No Santa? I have heard that rumour for years. Ridiculous! Don’t believe them!” Since Grandmother always told the truth, I took her word for it. We also had a fair share of silly moments with Grandfather. I used to love playing the ‘beautician’ with Grandfather. When he was in a good mood, he would allow me to style his hair with his comb. I would go to the sink, wet the comb and style his hair in different ways. Soon Kim joined in the fun. It never occurred to us that she was not tall enough to reach the sink and yet her comb was always wet. Later, by coincidence, Grandmother discovered the source of her wet comb- the drain behind the house! That discovery ended our ‘styling’session.

I remember an incident that affected Grandfather emotionally. It was my twelfth birthday and he wanted to take me for a ride on his motorcycle. I was thrilled! When the engine roared, I knew I was going to have the greatest ride of my lifetime. He took me around the neighbourhood a couple of times. Just as we were about to complete our last leg, something unfortunate happened. A cat had crossed our path and Grandfather swerved to avoid it. This resulted in him losing control of the motorcycle. Both of us ended up in a bush. We were lucky that we only had minor cuts and bruises. That incident left an indelible mark on Grandfather but not me. He never rode his motorcycle again! I was also forbidden from getting a motorcycle licence when I turned eighteen. However, I got my licence secretly a year ago.

“Sir, Grandpa wants me to give you this,” Siti interrupted my thoughts. She handed me an envelope. That’s strange, I thought. I opened it and a key dropped out. Puzzled, I turned to Siti. She smiled and pointed a card in the envelope. I pulled it out and saw a familiar handwriting. “Grandma was always right. Who says there’s no Santa?” it read. “I have something to show you, Sir. You will certainly like it,” she said. I swiftly followed her. I could not believe my eyes when I saw a gleaming blue two wheeler that rendered me speechless. “ He loves you,” Siti said softly. I wondered why Grandfather had changed his mind. However, I still could not get over the excitement of having my first motorcycle. I finally realised he had a softer side to him.

Supplementary for Teachers/Tutors/Parents.

Welcome to eduKate (Singapore) Tuition Centre. The following are guides that will help students to ease themselves into answering the comprehension section.

Vocabulary

  1. figure
  2. forlornly
  3. active
  4. astute
  5. dazed
  6. chores
  7. caregiver
  8. perked up
  9. transfixed
  10. stylish
  11. perched
  12. reprimanded
  13. severe
  14. practically
  15. disciplinarian
  16. retired
  17. inseparable
  18. jeered
  19. snorted
  20. conversation
  21. coincidence
  22. occured
  23. discovered
  24. incident
  25. thrilled
  26. roared
  27. swerved
  28. indelible
  29. forbidden
  30. license
  31. interrupted
  32. familiar
  33. swiftly
  34. gleaming
  35. speechless

Idioms related to this passage:

  • A Penny for your thoughts.” Used when protagonist meets grandfather in deep thought.
  • Best of both worlds.” Used when they had a loving grandmother and disciplinarian grandfather.
  • Can’t judge a book by its cover” Used when protagonist realise his grandfather has a softer side.
  • Every cloud has a silver lining” Used when the missing overworked parents replaced by loving grandparents.
  • On the ball” Used when the grandmother knew the protagonist was sad after being jeered at about Santa.

Interesting things to teach your child/student related to this passage.

1) Black cats crossing your path is considered bad luck. Superstition are as follows: (citing Wikipedia.com)

Superstition, prejudice, bringer of good or bad luck[edit]

The folklore surrounding black cats varies from culture to culture. Scottish lore holds that a strange black cat’s arrival to the home signifies prosperity. In Celtic mythology, a fairy known as the Cat sìth takes the form of a black cat. Black cats are also considered good luck in the rest of Britain and Japan.[5] Furthermore, it is believed that a lady who owns a black cat will have many suitors.[6] In Western history, black cats have typically been looked upon as a symbol of evil omens, specifically being suspected of being the familiars of witches, or actually shape-shifting witches themselves. Most of Europe considers the black cat a symbol of bad luck, particularly if one walks across the path in front of a person, which is believed to be an omen of misfortune and death. In Germany, some believe that black cats crossing a person’s path from right to left, is a bad omen. But from left to right, the cat is granting favorable times.[7] In the United Kingdom it is commonly considered that a black cat crossing a person’s path is a good omen.[8]

The black cat in folklore has been able to change into human shape to act as a spy or courier for witches or demons. When the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock, they brought with them a devout faith in the Bible. They also brought a deepening suspicion of anything deemed of Satan and were a deeply suspicious group. They viewed the black cat as a companion, or a familiar to witches. Anyone caught with a black cat would be severely punished or even killed. They viewed the black cat as part demon and part sorcery.[9][unreliable source?]These superstitions led people to kill black cats. There is no evidence from England of regular large-scale massacres of “satanic” cats, or of burning them in midsummer bonfires, as sometimes occurred elsewhere in Europe.[10]

In contrast, the supernatural powers ascribed to black cats were sometimes viewed positively; for example, sailors considering a “ship’s cat” would want a black one because it would bring good luck. [11] Sometimes, fishermen’s wives would keep black cats at home too, in the hope that they would be able to use their influence to protect their husbands at sea (see Ship’s cat).

Pirates of the 18th century believed that a black cat would bring different kinds of luck. If a black cat walks towards someone, that person will have bad luck. If a black cat walks away from someone, then that person will have good luck.

Conversely in the United Kingdom if a black cat walks towards someone, it is said to bring good fortune, but if it walks away, it takes the good luck with it.[8] If a black cat walks onto a ship and then walks off it, the ship is doomed to sink on its next trip.

2) In Singapore, domestic help is a common relief for families with two working parents.

  • (from Asiaone.com https://www.asiaone.com/lifestyle/how-hire-maid-singapore-costs-fees-domestic-helper-2019) There are many reasons to hire a domestic helper in Singapore. You might be a new family with young children and two working parents.You might be looking for help to take care of your aging parents who may need more attention than you can afford to give them due to your work commitments. Or may you just need someone to maintain the house and cook your meals while you’re busy earning those big bucks at work.
  • There were 201,000 Domestic Helpers in 2010.
  • Foreign Domestic Helpers are the preferred term for domestic workers as it recognises the workers’ status and respect them for the importance this industry has in Singapore.

3) Singapore’s age to obtain a motorcycle license is 18. With three types of licences.

  • Class 2B engine capacity 200cc and below
  • Class 2A engine capacity 201-400 cc plus holding Class 2B for at least 1 year
  • Class 2 engine capacity above 400 cc plus holding Class 2A for at least 1 year

4) Christmas in Singapore 2019 as an effort are celebrated with the following

  • Orchard Road Road Christmas Light Up.
  • Buskers and carolling in Orchard Road
  • Christmas Village at *SCAPE
  • Christmas Countdown at Orchard Road
  • Christmas Wonderland at Gardens by the Bay

Answers

71) The writer went to his grandparent’s place to pay them a visit.

71) The active and astute man had become quiet and dazed.

73) i) grandfather patted the writer lightly on his head. ii) grandfather perked up as he listened to the conversation between the writer and Siti.

74 a) practically raised by

74 b) jeered

75 them- motorcycles

The fun- styling grandfather’s hair

The greatest ride- the motorcyle ride on the writer’s birthday

76) She comforted the writer when he was bullied by his classmates about Santa. She old him not to believe them.

Strict

He secretly obtained his motorcyle secretly even when he was forbidden to do so.

77) 3, 2, 1

78) False. Grandmother found out by coincidence.

False. Grandfather still rode the motorcycle until he had the accident with the writer.

True. She told the writer he would like his gift and knew where it was.

79) excited, unafraid.

80) The writer was given a motorcycle as a present at the end even though his grandfather was upset by the mention of motorcycles due to their accident.

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