Reading Comprehension and PSLE English Composition Writing: The Link

The Importance of Reading Comprehension and PSLE English Composition Writing: A Comprehensive Summary

In the journey towards achieving AL1 in the PSLE English Examinations, parents and students must understand the crucial link between Reading Comprehension and Composition Writing. English language mastery is an essential component for success in both areas, as it requires a strong foundation in vocabulary, grammar, sentence construction, and narrative structures. By focusing on critical and creative thinking, students can develop transferable skills that will improve their ability to analyze and construct stories.

Regular reading plays a significant role in building a strong foundation for both Reading Comprehension and Composition Writing. Wide reading exposes students to different writing styles, tones, structures, and genres. Active reading encourages students to visualize events, empathize with characters, and engage with the plot, which in turn, helps them create believable characters and vivid descriptions in their compositions.

Reading Comprehension skills can be honed through a thoughtful approach to various texts, focusing on plot analysis, character analysis, setting analysis, and the author’s choice of words. This enables students to understand the emotional response elicited by texts, comprehend the author’s intentions, and grasp the subtext and context of the stories they read.

Developing original writing skills requires regular writing practice in the form of stories, letters, and journal entries. Providing constructive feedback and encouraging writing revision helps students link reading and writing, which ultimately leads to better Composition Writing. Exploring alternative endings, as well as fostering a love for reading, further strengthens the connection between Reading Comprehension and Composition Writing.

Parental involvement in a child’s reading journey can significantly impact their success in PSLE English Examinations. By engaging in study routines, book discussions, and actively supporting the development of creative and narrative writing skills, parents can help their children improve their Composition Writing.

Active engagement in comprehension reading and exploration of various writing styles and tones enables students to excel in both Composition Writing and Reading Comprehension. Mastery in narrative construction, character creation, plot creation, and the use of descriptive language with literary devices like sensory details, metaphors, and similes contribute to the overall improvement of their writing.

Understanding and answering comprehension questions correctly is a direct result of being able to interpret information in texts, an essential skill for success in the PSLE English Composition. Building good reading and writing habits and a strong command of the English language through critical reading and creative writing will contribute to better performance in both areas.

The use of story prompts and techniques like story visualization, character empathy, and plot engagement can further improve a student’s writing. Receiving writing feedback and working on story writing and comprehension lessons can also enhance their Reading Comprehension and Composition Writing abilities.

In conclusion, focusing on reading benefits, writing benefits, and English language learning through vocabulary expansion, grammar usage, and the exploration of narrative genres and reading genres can significantly impact a student’s success in PSLE English Composition and Reading Comprehension. With the right strategies and techniques, students can achieve mastery in various aspects of the English language, leading to success in the PSLE English Examinations and the attainment of AL1.

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Reading comprehension and composition writing are two essential components of the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) English paper. While they may seem like separate entities, they are, in fact, closely intertwined. This article seeks to explore the link between reading comprehension and PSLE English Composition writing and provide useful tips to harness this connection to achieve AL1 in the examination.

Reading comprehension is the ability to read a text, understand its meaning, and interpret the information. It involves not just understanding the words on the page but also the context, the subtext, and the author’s intentions. Reading comprehension skills are vital for the PSLE English Examinations, as they form the backbone of both the comprehension and composition sections of the paper.

On the other hand, composition writing requires students to create their original piece of writing, typically a narrative, based on given prompts. In the PSLE English Composition, students are expected to create a coherent and engaging story, complete with well-rounded characters, a compelling plot, and vivid descriptions.

The link between reading comprehension and composition writing lies in the transferable skills between these two components. Both require a strong command of the English language, an understanding of narrative structures, and the ability to think critically and creatively. The table below shows some of the links:

Reading Comprehension SkillsComposition Writing SkillsExample
Understanding contextSetting the contextIn a comprehension text about life in the countryside, a reader understands the peaceful, rural setting. In writing, the student uses this understanding to set a story in a serene village.
Identifying the plotDeveloping a plotA reader identifies the plot progression in a mystery text. The student uses this understanding to write a suspense-filled story with a clear beginning, middle, and end.
Recognizing character traitsDeveloping charactersAfter reading a comprehension text, a reader understands the courageous nature of the protagonist. In writing, the student creates a brave character who overcomes significant obstacles.
Understanding narrative structuresUsing narrative structuresA student identifies the use of flashbacks in a comprehension text. In composition writing, the student uses flashbacks to provide backstory for their characters.
Identifying tone and moodSetting the tone and moodFrom a comprehension text, the reader identifies a somber mood. The student uses this understanding to write a story with a melancholic tone.
Understanding themeIncorporating a themeA student understands the theme of friendship in a comprehension text. In writing, the student crafts a story around the theme of friendship.
Grasping author’s choice of wordsChoosing appropriate wordsAfter reading a comprehension text, the reader understands why the author chose specific words for impact. In writing, the student uses similar impactful words to convey emotions.
Recognizing descriptive languageUsing descriptive languageA student identifies the use of sensory details in a comprehension text to describe a storm. In composition writing, the student uses similar sensory details to describe a rainforest adventure.
Analyzing textWriting analyticallyThe reader understands the underlying message in a comprehension text about environmental conservation. The student uses this insight to write a story with a clear message about preserving nature.
Interpreting informationPresenting informationA student interprets the sequence of events in a comprehension text about a historical event. In writing, the student presents a sequence of events in a story about a school competition.

When a child reads a story, they’re not just following along with the plot. They’re also taking in how the author constructs sentences, uses vocabulary and grammar, builds characters, and develops the plot. These are all elements that they can then incorporate into their composition writing. Reading a variety of texts exposes students to different writing styles, tones, and structures, broadening their understanding of how narratives can be constructed.

Moreover, effective comprehension reading involves visualizing the events of the text, empathizing with the characters, and engaging with the plot – all skills that are also crucial in writing compelling compositions. The ability to put oneself in the characters’ shoes, for instance, can help in creating believable characters in one’s compositions.

To leverage this link between reading comprehension and composition writing, here are some strategies:

  1. Regular Reading: Encourage your child to read widely and regularly. This exposes them to a variety of writing styles, genres, and vocabulary. Encourage discussions about the books they read to reinforce comprehension skills.
  2. Active Reading: Teach your child to be an active reader. This means not just reading the words on the page, but thinking about the plot, the characters, the setting, the author’s choice of words, and how the story makes them feel. This active engagement with the text can translate into a more thoughtful approach to composition writing.
  3. Practice Writing: Regular writing practice is essential. Prompt your child to write stories, letters, or journal entries to apply what they’ve learned from their reading.
  4. Feedback and Revision: Provide constructive feedback on your child’s writing and encourage them to revise their work. This not only helps to improve their writing but also reinforces the lessons learned from their reading.
  5. Link Reading and Writing Tasks: Finally, create explicit links between reading and writing tasks. For instance, after reading a story, your child could write a letter from one character to another or create an alternative ending to the story.

Here a table with examples of the above:

Regular Reading1. Engage your child with a variety of books such as mystery novels, historical fiction, and science fiction. 2. Schedule a weekly “book club” where you discuss the characters, plot, and themes of the books your child is reading. 3. Include non-fiction books to expand their knowledge and vocabulary. 4. Encourage them to explore poetry and plays, which have different structures and use of language. 5. Use audiobooks for a different reading experience and to help with pronunciation.
Active Reading1. Ask your child to predict the storyline or the characters’ actions before reading further. 2. Encourage your child to note down new vocabulary and its context. 3. After reading a chapter, ask your child to summarize it in their own words. 4. Discuss the author’s choice of words and how it impacts the story. 5. Discuss the feelings evoked while reading and how the author achieved it.
Practice Writing1. Ask your child to write a diary entry from the perspective of a character in the book. 2. Encourage your child to write a review of the book they read. 3. Prompt your child to write a letter to a character expressing their feelings about the character’s actions. 4. Encourage your child to write a short story based on an idea or a character from the book. 5. Ask your child to write a journal entry about their favourite part of the story and why they liked it.
Feedback and Revision1. Provide feedback on the flow and coherence of their writing. 2. Encourage them to revise their work focusing on spelling and grammar. 3. Comment on their use of vocabulary and suggest improvements if needed. 4. Praise their creativity and original ideas, while offering ways to enhance their narrative. 5. Point out areas where they have successfully applied their reading insights into their writing.
Link Reading and Writing Tasks1. After reading a story, ask your child to write a letter from one character to another. 2. Suggest writing an alternative ending to the story. 3. Encourage them to write a prequel to the story, focusing on the backstory of a character. 4. Ask them to rewrite a scene from another character’s perspective. 5. Prompt them to write a sequel using the same characters and setting.


The connection between reading comprehension and composition writing in PSLE English Examinations is significant and offers a pathway to achieving AL1. Mastery in English language, which involves understanding and effectively using vocabulary and grammar, is the backbone of both reading comprehension and composition writing.

Reading comprehension encourages critical thinking and empathy, allowing students to visualize events, understand the author’s intentions, and engage with the plot. These skills are transferable to composition writing, where students create believable characters and construct a compelling narrative structure. Moreover, reading a variety of texts exposes students to different writing styles, tones, and structures, which can be incorporated into their writing.

Active reading goes beyond merely understanding the text. It involves a thoughtful approach, analyzing the plot, characters, and setting, and contemplating the author’s choice of words. This emotional and intellectual engagement with the text can inspire original writing, fostering creative thinking.

Writing practice is another vital aspect of English language mastery. Writing stories, letters, or journal entries, and receiving constructive feedback, can help students revise and improve their writing. This process links reading and writing as students can attempt to write an alternative ending to a story they’ve read or explore the emotions and motivations of a character.

A love for reading also enhances comprehension skills. Reading regularly and widely can expand students’ vocabulary, improve their understanding of sentence structures, and provide a context for learning grammar. Understanding the nuances and connotations of words is crucial in avoiding misinterpretation or misuse of vocabulary.

Parental involvement plays a significant role in developing reading habits and study routines. Parents can discuss books, ask comprehension questions, and provide writing tasks related to what the child has read. This active engagement fosters an exploration of writing styles, narrative construction, and character and plot creation.

Composition writing can be improved by focusing on descriptive language, using literary devices like metaphors and similes, and incorporating sensory details for more vivid descriptions. Reading comprehension practice complements composition writing practice, enhancing English language proficiency and setting the foundation for a successful PSLE preparation.

In conclusion, the link between reading comprehension and composition writing is a powerful tool in English language learning. Developing reading and writing habits, understanding the nuances of vocabulary and grammar, and practicing narrative and descriptive writing are strategies that can help students achieve mastery in English and aim for AL1 in the PSLE English Examinations. Both reading and writing benefit each other in a symbiotic relationship, contributing to a comprehensive English language education and success in the PSLE English Examinations.

More about these subjects in the article below:

Comprehension Skills PSLE English Language

How to prepare for PSLE English Composition Writing

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