Primary English Tuition: How to learn English complex sentence structure

Primary English Tuition: Mastering Complex Sentence Structure


  • Understanding the need to learn complex sentence structures
  • Ways to learn and prepare
  • Tools to assist in learning
  • Reasons why learning complex sentence structures is crucial

1. Why Learn Complex Sentence Structures in Primary English Tuition?

Learning complex sentences early in Primary English Tuitionis a stepping stone to attaining mastery in the English language. Complex sentences allow children to express intricate thoughts and ideas effectively, promoting higher levels of comprehension and cognitive thinking. They equip students with the skills to write descriptive, argumentative, and narrative essays later in life.

2. Learning Complex Sentences: Where to Start?

Understanding complex sentences begins with a sound knowledge of basic sentence structures. Children should first master simple sentences consisting of a subject and predicate. For example, “The dog barks.” From there, the learner should progress to compound sentences that contain two independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions, like, “I love apples, but I dislike bananas. “Complex sentences, however, consist of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. These can be learned in Primary English Tuition through understanding conjunctions that link the clauses, like “because,” “although,” or “when.” For instance, “Although it was raining, they decided to play outside.”

Understanding Complex Sentences

A complex sentence in English grammar is a type of sentence that contains one independent clause (a clause that can stand on its own as a complete sentence) and one or more dependent clauses (clauses that cannot stand on their own). These sentences are linked using subordinating conjunctions like “because,” “although,” “when,” “while,” “if,” etc. Complex sentences add depth to writing and speaking, allow for more nuanced expression of thoughts, and are vital to advanced comprehension and communication.

Here are 20 examples of complex sentences that parents can use to help their children understand and use them:

  1. “Although it was raining, we decided to go for a walk.”
  2. “She ate the pizza quickly because she was very hungry.”
  3. “When the movie ended, we went out for ice cream.”
  4. “He couldn’t sleep, although he was very tired.”
  5. “While my sister played the guitar, I sang along.”
  6. “If it snows tomorrow, we can build a snowman.”
  7. “Even though she studied hard, she didn’t pass the test.”
  8. “You can go out to play after you finish your homework.”
  9. “She loves reading books that are full of adventure.”
  10. “Because the sun was setting, we decided to head home.”
  11. “I brushed my teeth before I went to bed.”
  12. “Even though it’s cold outside, he isn’t wearing a jacket.”
  13. “She enjoys drawing when she has free time.”
  14. “He was able to finish the race because he had trained hard.”
  15. “When the cake is done baking, we will have dessert.”
  16. “Although she’s young, she’s very wise.”
  17. “If you don’t understand the lesson, you should ask the teacher.”
  18. “While I was preparing dinner, the phone rang.”
  19. “He did well in the test because he studied consistently.”
  20. “When it began to rain, they ran for cover.”

These sentences can be practiced in speaking or writing, and parents can encourage their children to come up with their own examples of complex sentences. By practicing regularly, children will become more comfortable with using complex sentences in their English communication.

Let’s see the progress that is usually made from Primary 1 to Primary 6 English Students:

Primary LevelExample Complex Sentence
Primary 11. “When it’s sunny, we go to the park.”
2. “Because she was sick, she didn’t go to school.”
Primary 23. “I eat breakfast after I brush my teeth.”
4. “Even though it’s hot, he doesn’t want to swim.”
Primary 35. “While the teacher was explaining, the student took notes.”
6. “She plays the piano after she finishes her homework.”
Primary 47. “Although he likes to read, he didn’t like that book.”
8. “I will join the football club if my grades improve.”
Primary 59. “Even though the experiment was complex, she enjoyed doing it.”
10. “While we were vacationing in Spain, we learned to cook paella.”
Primary 611. “Because of the sudden downpour, the match was postponed.”
12. “Even though she had diligently followed the recipe, the cake didn’t rise.”
13. “If you don’t revise the lessons, you may find the test challenging.”
14. “While everyone was asleep, he stayed up to observe the lunar eclipse.”
15. “Although they had prepared meticulously, the presentation didn’t go as planned.”
16. “We will have to reconsider our plan if the weather continues to be unpredictable.”
17. “She was not able to attend the concert because she had an important assignment to submit.”
18. “Even though he was one of the youngest participants, he managed to win the chess tournament.”
19. “We had to evacuate the building when the fire alarm went off.”
20. “If you don’t practice regularly, you might find it difficult to improve your skills.”
21. “While her parents were discussing, she quietly left the room.”
22. “Even though he knew it was risky, he decided to invest in the business.”
23. “She had to stay back after school because she had to work on a project.”
24. “When they realized their mistake, it was too late to correct it.”
25. “Although the road was busy, the ambulance made it to the hospital in time.”

As seen in these examples, the complexity of sentences increases along with the grade levels. For younger students, simpler situations are depicted using familiar subjects and actions. As they progress, the complexity of ideas increases, incorporating more advanced vocabulary and sophisticated concepts.

To summarize, learning complex sentences is an evolving journey that begins with understanding simple sentences and gradually moves to more intricate structures. Along the way, students become more adept at expressing a range of ideas, thoughts, and emotions. Regular practice, constructive feedback, and a wide array of exercises are key to helping students gain confidence and proficiency in crafting complex sentences. This learning journey not only boosts their language skills but also aids in cognitive development, ultimately enhancing their overall academic performance.

3. How to Prepare for Learning Complex Sentences?

Preparation is essential when learning complex sentences. Here are a few strategies:

  • Understand the Basics: Ensure the child has a strong foundation in basic sentence structures and grammar rules.
  • Use Varied Learning Materials: Utilise a mix of learning materials such as textbooks, online resources, and interactive learning games.
  • Practice Writing: Encourage the child to practice writing complex sentences regularly. This could be through creative writing exercises or journal entries.

4. Learning Aids to Master Complex Sentences

Several resources can aid the learning process:

  • Primary English Tuition Centres: These offer structured lessons that cover complex sentence structures, among other topics. Some recommended centres include British Council and Kumon.
  • Online Resources: Websites such as Khan Academy and offer comprehensive lessons on complex sentences.
  • Interactive Learning Games: Apps like Duolingo and Quizlet make learning complex sentences fun and interactive.

5. Why is Learning Complex Sentences Important?

Mastering complex sentences equips students to express nuanced thoughts and engage in detailed discourse. This is particularly beneficial in developing writing skills, reading comprehension, and analytical thinking.

  • Enhances Writing Skills: Complex sentences add depth to writing, making it more engaging and detailed.
  • Improves Reading Comprehension: Understanding complex sentences assists in decoding intricate texts.
  • Boosts Cognitive Skills: Forming complex sentences requires logical thinking and the ability to link ideas, thus enhancing cognitive abilities.

In summary, learning complex sentences in Primary Small Groups English Tuition is a critical skill for every child. With the right resources, preparation, and continued practice, students can tackle complex sentence structures, paving the way for their future academic success.

Click here to enrol at

%d bloggers like this: