How to effectively construct the body of the PSLE English Composition?

Constructing the body of a composition is much like building a sturdy bridge. It’s the part that connects the introduction and the conclusion, bearing the weight of the story’s primary details and carrying the reader smoothly from the story’s beginning to its end. When it comes to the PSLE English Exams, it’s crucial to structure the body effectively to ensure coherence, engagement, and thoroughness. This article offers techniques and unique strategies to effectively construct the body of a PSLE English Composition.

Find more articles here: English Primary Overview

Or back to the main page: Navigating the Terrain of PSLE English Composition Writing: A Comprehensive Guide

Understand the Role of the Body Paragraphs

The body of the composition is where you develop your narrative or argument, present your ideas or events, and provide supporting details. It should take up the bulk of your composition, usually consisting of multiple paragraphs, each covering a separate point or event but all contributing to the overall story or argument.

Plan Your Paragraphs

Before you start writing, it’s helpful to outline each paragraph of the body. Each paragraph should have a clear purpose and contribute to the overall narrative or argument. Decide on the main point for each paragraph and jot down supporting details, such as descriptions, dialogues, actions, reactions, and thoughts.

Use the PEEL Structure

The PEEL (Point, Explanation, Evidence, Link) structure can be a useful guide in constructing body paragraphs.

  1. Point: Start the paragraph with a clear point that indicates what this paragraph is about. It could be an event in the narrative or a main idea in an argumentative piece.
  2. Explanation: Expand on the point, giving more details or background information.
  3. Evidence: Provide evidence or examples to support your point. In a narrative, this could be actions or dialogues of characters. In an argumentative piece, it could be facts, statistics, or quotations.
  4. Link: End the paragraph by linking back to the main theme or transitioning to the next paragraph. This keeps the composition cohesive and maintains the flow of the story or argument.

The Power of PEEL Structure in PSLE English Composition Writing

Mastering the PSLE English composition writing can be a daunting task for many students. The demand for clear, concise, and cogent expression of ideas can be overwhelming. However, adopting an effective writing structure, like the PEEL (Point, Explanation, Evidence, Link) model, can make the task considerably more manageable and increase the chances of achieving higher grades.

The Essence of PEEL Structure

PEEL is an acronym that stands for Point, Explanation, Evidence, and Link. The PEEL method offers a constructive pattern for most paragraphs in academic writing, contributing to a well-structured and coherent essay or composition. This structure helps students ensure each paragraph in their composition is meaningful and directly supports their overall argument or narrative.

1. Point: The Introduction to Your Argument

Each paragraph should begin with a clear point that signals the specific focus for that part of the composition. This is essentially the topic sentence of the paragraph and provides the reader with a concise summary of what to expect in the following sentences. This technique helps to keep the student’s writing focused and clear, which is vital in securing higher grades in the PSLE English composition section.

2. Explanation: Expanding Your Point

Once the main point is identified, the next step is to expand on this point with more detailed information. The explanation elaborates on the point, providing context, definitions, or further description. This is the student’s opportunity to demonstrate their understanding of the topic and their ability to express this understanding in a clear and coherent manner.

3. Evidence: Supporting Your Point with Facts, Examples, or Quotations

Following the explanation, evidence should be provided to substantiate the main point. The evidence acts as the ‘proof’ of the point made, offering concrete details, examples, actions, or dialogues that fortify the argument or description. In a narrative essay, evidence could be presented through the characters’ actions, thoughts, or dialogues. In an argumentative piece, factual information, data, or relevant quotations can serve as effective evidence.

4. Link: Connecting the Paragraph to the Overall Theme

The last component of the PEEL structure is the link. This ties the individual paragraph back to the overall argument or narrative theme of the composition. The link can also serve as a transition to the next paragraph or idea, ensuring a smooth flow and maintaining the reader’s interest throughout the essay. This concluding sentence in the PEEL structure reinforces the coherence and unity of the composition, contributing to its overall effectiveness.

The Impact of PEEL Structure on PSLE English Composition

The PEEL structure provides a clear, structured approach to paragraph writing that can significantly enhance the quality of a student’s composition. By using this structure consistently, students can improve their writing skills, ensuring each paragraph has a clear purpose and contributes meaningfully to their overall narrative or argument.

Implementing the PEEL structure helps to break down the task of composition writing into manageable parts, allowing students to focus on one aspect of their argument or narrative at a time. This not only makes the writing process less overwhelming but also results in a more organised and cohesive composition.

Moreover, using the PEEL structure can help students to develop critical thinking skills, as it encourages them to consider their arguments carefully, provide relevant evidence, and ensure their ideas are linked coherently.


To excel in the PSLE English composition section, mastering the PEEL structure is paramount. It not only provides a useful framework for organising ideas but also ensures that each paragraph is purposeful and contributes effectively to the overall narrative or argument. With practice, students can leverage this powerful tool to enhance their composition writing skills, paving the way for success in the PSLE English examinatio

Show, Don’t Tell

The “Show, Don’t Tell” technique is especially useful in writing the body of the composition. Instead of telling the reader what’s happening or how the characters feel, show it through vivid descriptions, actions, and dialogues. This makes the writing more engaging and allows the reader to experience the story or understand the argument more deeply.

Use Varied Sentence Structures

Mix simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to make your writing more interesting and sophisticated. But remember to maintain clarity and coherence.

Maintain Logical Flow

Ensure each paragraph flows logically into the next. You can use transitional phrases or sentences, or you can make connections through themes, ideas, or story progression.

Review and Edit

After writing the body, review it for clarity, coherence, and completeness. Ensure each paragraph contributes to the overall narrative or argument and is connected smoothly. Edit for language accuracy and appropriacy.

Constructing an effective body for the PSLE English Composition involves careful planning, clear structuring, and creative crafting. Through the techniques and strategies discussed above, students can enhance their composition writing skills and perform well in the PSLE English Exams. Remember, practice makes perfect. So, keep writing, keep improving, and success will follow.

%d bloggers like this: